Hoover Archives has received the personal documents of Alfred Bilyk, the last Polish provincial governor (wojewoda) of Lwow (now Lviv). A prominent member of the professional and political elite of interwar Poland, Bilyk committed suicide in September 1939, in the final days of Poland’s struggle against the Nazi and Soviet invaders in September 1939. The papers are a gift from Bilyk’s family in Brazil.
This collection contains papers and memorabilia of Nikolai Khokhlov, a KGB defector sent to Germany in 1954 to assassinate the head of the anti-Soviet émigré organization NTS. Khokhlov declined and defected to the West, where he wrote his memoirs and became a specialist in Soviet military espionage and psychology. Most of the papers relate to those aspects of his career, including material on psychological warfare and research in parapsychology.
University of Chicago (UC) free market economists have turned up for decades around the world, from the winners’ circle at Nobel ceremonies to hands-on reforming of economic systems in South America. But the first truly methodical though flexible implementation of market reforms in the mid–twentieth century was by the Chicago Boys in Chile. The collection consists primarily of interviews with the Chicago Boys, Chile’s cadre of market-oriented economists mostly trained at the UC who sprang to public attention after the military coup that ousted Socialist president Salvador Allende in September 1973.
The Hoover Institution Archives has received an important increment, an album of photographs and a handwritten diary, to the personal papers of one of the wing commanders in the Polish Air Force in Britain, Lieutenant Colonel Bohdan Kleczynski (1902–1944). The Kleczynski diary, which covers the period September 1940 through March 1943, is in the form of long, melancholic letters that were never sent to his beloved wife who remained in German-occupied Poland.
The victory of Alexander Lukashenka in the Belarusian presidential election of December 2010 was never in doubt, although the opposition fielded a number of candidates. The 2010 election campaign material has been added to the Belarusian subject collection in the Hoover Institution Archives.
The Hoover Institution Archives recently acquired several dozen vintage postcards depicting battle scenes, regimental colors, and other illustrations of military life related to the Italian colonization of the region that later became known as Libya, beginning in the aftermath of World War I and continuing until Italian forces were driven out of North Africa by the Allies during World War II.
The papers of A. Piatt Andrew, who had a long and varied career as university professor, government official, member of Congress, and director of an ambulance service in wartime, are now open for use. The collection will be of interest to historians and researchers studying American politics, economics, and foreign relations in the early twentieth century, as well as those interested in the story of the American Field Service in France during World War I.
The bulk of Hoover Archives’ World War II–era Polish archival collections has been digitized and made available online by Poland’s National Digital Archives (Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe). The digitized copies were made from the 1,599 reels of microfilm donated by Hoover to Poland a decade ago. More than one and half million pages of Hoover documents can now be accessed on the NDA website www.szukajwarchiwach.pl. The website is linked to the Hoover Library and Archives site and to the Online Archive of California, providing online access to Hoover finding aids.
The Hoover Institution Library and Archives has acquired important materials on Peru’s leftist political and guerrilla/terrorist movements that developed between the rise of Maoism in the 1960s and the retrial in 2005–6 of the most murderous Maoist leader in the Western Hemisphere.