This year marks the twentieth anniversary of the assassination in Managua of Colonel Enrique Bermúdez Varela, the founder and for ten years the top official military commander of the Nicaraguan Resistance Forces (Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense; FDN-Northern Front) the so-called contras. The Hoover Archives, which has long had major resources on the FDN, Robelo, and Pastora, is now adding, by periodic increments, the personal archive of Bermúdez.
Following the defeat of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 some 200,000 people escaped to the West. Among them was a group of young mathematicians and scientists, most of whom had never set foot outside the Iron Curtain. The Hoover Institution Archives has received a primary source documenting the life and concerns of some of these Hungarian exiles in their first years of life in the West: a collection of one hundred letters, dated between 1956 and 1959, written to Thomas Kovari and Judit Brody by their friends, young intellectuals and academics, who, like them, had left Hungary in late 1956.
Recently the Hoover Institution Library and Archives acquired more than seventy boxes of archival materials from the estate of the late Mihajlo Mihajlov (1934–2010), a Serbian writer, political activist, and dissident who was imprisoned for his critiques of Tito’s Yugoslavia in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This collection, which augments an earlier donation made during Mihajlov’s lifetime, contains correspondence, publications, and audiovisual media that document the breadth of Mihajlov’s public career.
The Hoover Institution Library and Archives are pleased to announce the acquisition and opening of the papers of Zimbabwean political activist and author Diana Mitchell (1932– ). The Mitchell papers, one of the most extensive African collections to arrive at Hoover in many years, documents political events, first in Rhodesia and then Zimbabwe, during more than forty years through the eyes of a politically engaged writer and activist.
The materials contain Nym Wales’s 1989 unpublished manuscript, in which she gave penetrating insights into the occurrences in Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989, Chinese-American relations, globalism, a reflection on her eighty-second birthday in 1989, as well as her correspondence with Communist Chinese provincial organizations and friends within and outside the United States in the late 1980s and the early 1990s.
Among its many strengths the Hoover Institution Archives boasts the largest and most comprehensive documentation on twentieth-century Poland outside Poland. A very substantial part of these archives is from the period of World War II and includes large collections of documents generated by various institutions and agencies, as well as the leaders of the London-based Free Polish government in exile. Less numerous are the archives of ordinary individuals and families; the just received family papers of Krystyna Sklenarz and Stanislaw Bokota fall into that category.
Andrzej Pomian, who died three years ago in Washington, DC, at the age of ninety-seven, was a Polish émigré journalist and author, who worked for many years for Radio Free Europe. During World War II, he was a ranking officer in the Information and Propaganda Bureau of Poland’s clandestine Home Army, the largest underground organization in Nazi-occupied Europe. He kept a large metal trunk filled with his notes, documents, underground publications, and reports on the activities of the Home Army.The contents of that trunk, untouched in more than fifty years, have now arrived in the Hoover Archives as a large increment to the small Pomian collection already in the Archives.
Hoover Archives has received the personal documents of Alfred Bilyk, the last Polish provincial governor (wojewoda) of Lwow (now Lviv). A prominent member of the professional and political elite of interwar Poland, Bilyk committed suicide in September 1939, in the final days of Poland’s struggle against the Nazi and Soviet invaders in September 1939. The papers are a gift from Bilyk’s family in Brazil.
This collection contains papers and memorabilia of Nikolai Khokhlov, a KGB defector sent to Germany in 1954 to assassinate the head of the anti-Soviet émigré organization NTS. Khokhlov declined and defected to the West, where he wrote his memoirs and became a specialist in Soviet military espionage and psychology. Most of the papers relate to those aspects of his career, including material on psychological warfare and research in parapsychology.
University of Chicago (UC) free market economists have turned up for decades around the world, from the winners’ circle at Nobel ceremonies to hands-on reforming of economic systems in South America. But the first truly methodical though flexible implementation of market reforms in the mid–twentieth century was by the Chicago Boys in Chile. The collection consists primarily of interviews with the Chicago Boys, Chile’s cadre of market-oriented economists mostly trained at the UC who sprang to public attention after the military coup that ousted Socialist president Salvador Allende in September 1973.