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Americas: New Acquisitions

April 2, 2014
New Collection Sheds Light on Postwar Okinawa

The Hoover Institution Archives has acquired the papers of Forrest Ralph Pitts (1924-2014), emeritus professor of the geography department at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

March 4, 2014
Memoirs of King Kong Director and War Hero at Hoover

Merian Caldwell Cooper would be a top candidate for the "Most Interesting Man in the World." Although Cooper is known for his 1933 production of King Kong, there were many more interesting episodes in his life in addition to that iconic movie. Indeed, in the words of the film historian Richard Schickel, “his career was larger than life.” Expelled from Annapolis in his senior year for advocating air power, a view the navy frowned on, in 1916 he joined the Georgia National Guard and served with General Pershing’s expedition against Pancho Villa. Transferred to the US Army Air Service, Cooper saw action in World War I over Germany, where he was shot down, seriously injured, and spent the last several months of the war in a German prisoner of war (POW) camp. From 1919 until 1921, Cooper worked with the American Relief Administration (ARA) and later volunteered for the US flight unit the Kosciuszko Squadron, part of the Polish effort to stop the Bolshevik advance into Europe.

February 6, 2014
Helena Paderewska Memoirs Discovered in the Hoover Archives

Not long ago the Hoover Archives received the papers and memorabilia of the US musician and military intelligence officer Ernest Schelling. Found during initial sorting of the materials was a tattered manila envelope containing two unsigned typewritten copies of a text in English ending with “Riond Bosson, Morges, Switzerland, May 29, 1920.”

December 20, 2013
Herbert Hoover Jr. papers, including declassified Top Secret materials on Suez Canal crisis, now open

The Hoover Archives is pleased to announce the opening of materials relating to the government service of Herbert Hoover Jr., the son of President Herbert Hoover. This recently declassified set of papers documents Hoover's time as undersecretary of state during the Eisenhower administration, covering the period 1954 to 1957. Among the issues addressed are US base rights in the Philippine Islands, US/Israeli relations, the Suez Canal crisis, and foreign policy in the Middle East more broadly.

June 5, 2013
Winifred Armstrong papers at Hoover

The Hoover Institution Archives has acquired the papers of Winifred Armstrong, a US economist specializing in African development. The papers primarily document Armstrong's work with the international mining company AMAX (formerly American Metal Climax Corporation) and its African operations between 1966 and 1975.

June 18, 2012
Ernest Schelling’s Papers and Memorabilia Come to Hoover

Known affectionately by his youngest fans as “Uncle Ernest,” Ernest Schelling was an American pianist and composer, the founder and for sixteen years the conductor of the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Young People’s concerts until his untimely death in 1939. His musical papers, which are held by the University of Maryland’s International Piano Archives, provide detailed documentation of the course of his artistic career, but relatively little has been known or available about Ernest Schelling’s life outside music. The new Hoover collection sheds light on an important segment of his biography: his distinguished career as an intelligence officer and diplomat during and immediately after World War I, and his lifetime friendship with Ignace Jan Paderewski. the charismatic Polish piano virtuoso and statesman.

June 14, 2012
Inventory of the F. A. Harper Papers Available Online

Floyd Arthur “Baldy” Harper was an American educator and economist whose ideas influenced libertarian thought. The F. A. Harper papers, which relate to laissez-faire economics and economic policy in the United States, now have an inventory available online.

April 10, 2012
William Doub collection in the Hoover Archives

The Hoover Archives has acquired the William Offutt Doub papers, 1970–74, which include correspondence, memoranda, and printed matter. Doub was a member of the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) from 1971 to 1974. His papers relate to nuclear energy issues in the United States, including licensing nuclear power plants and nuclear safety issues.

December 14, 2011
Hoover Receives Unique Portrait Collection from the Bernard Lee Schwartz Foundation

The Bernard Lee Schwartz Foundation has donated a collection of thirty-four portraits to the Hoover Institution. Among the images are those of royalty, heads of state, diplomats, military leaders, and literary figures. Michael Schwartz, president of the Schwartz Foundation and son of Bernard “Bern” Schwartz, coordinated the donation.

Included in the donation are portraits of Hoover fellow and British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, US secretary of state Henry Kissinger, four Israeli prime ministers, and journalist and author Malcolm Muggeridge. Lady Thatcher chose Schwartz’s portrait for her 1978 campaign poster, and a 1982 commemorative first-day cover commemorative stamp in England features his classic portrait of Lord Mountbatten. Muggeridge, a journalist, author, satirist, and television personality, was a frequent panelist on William F. Buckley Jr.’s Firing Line, and a collection of his papers is housed in the Hoover Institution Archives.

September 27, 2011
Hoover Acquires Personal Papers of Overseas Chinese Leader

The Hoover Institution Library and Archives have recently acquired the personal papers of Chen Jiaxian (Henry Chen), a Chinese Nationalist Party official in charge of overseas Chinese affairs in the Caribbean region and Latin America. The personal papers include correspondence between Chen and important Kuomintang Party officials regarding China’s diplomatic relations with the Caribbean region and Latin America, the Kuomintang’s policy toward overseas Chinese communities, and photos depicting Chen’s activities in Trinidad and Latin America.

September 2, 2011
Hoover gets major increment to Chicago Boys and Latin American market reformers collection

The Hoover Institution’s Chicago Boys and Latin American market reformers collection has just been strengthened by the addition of interviews with Arnold C. Harberger, the “father” of many of the Latin American men and women economists of the past half century who promoted markets throughout that region.

September 1, 2011
CIA director William Casey’s papers opened at the Hoover Institution Library and Archives

The William Casey papers are now open at the Hoover Institution Library and Archives. William Joseph Casey, most well known as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), held a number of high-level positions in the United States government during the presidential administrations of Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, and Ronald Reagan.

August 23, 2011
Colonel Enrique Bermúdez, military head of Nicaraguan Resistance Forces in 1980s

This year marks the twentieth anniversary of the assassination in Managua of Colonel Enrique Bermúdez Varela, the founder and for ten years the top official military commander of the Nicaraguan Resistance Forces (Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense; FDN-Northern Front) the so-called contras. The Hoover Archives, which has long had major resources on the FDN, Robelo, and Pastora, is now adding, by periodic increments, the personal archive of Bermúdez.

April 25, 2011
Chile’s Chicago Boys and Latin America’s Other Market Reformers

University of Chicago (UC) free market economists have turned up for decades around the world, from the winners’ circle at Nobel ceremonies to hands-on reforming of economic systems in southern South America. But the first truly methodical though flexible implementation of market reforms in the mid–twentieth century was by the Chicago Boys in Chile. The collection consists primarily of interviews with the Chicago Boys, Chile’s cadre of market-oriented economists mostly trained at the UC who sprang to public attention after the military coup that ousted Socialist president Salvador Allende in September 1973.

March 14, 2011
Papers of Member of Congress and American Field Service Cofounder A. Piatt Andrew are Now Open for Use

The papers of A. Piatt Andrew, who had a long and varied career as university professor, government official, member of Congress, and director of an ambulance service in wartime, are now open for use. The collection will be of interest to historians and researchers studying American politics, economics, and foreign relations in the early twentieth century, as well as those interested in the story of the American Field Service in France during World War I.

March 1, 2011
Peru’s Domestic Maoist Warfare Documented

The Hoover Institution Library and Archives has acquired important materials on Peru’s leftist political and guerrilla/terrorist movements that developed between the rise of Maoism in the 1960s and the retrial in 2005–6 of the most murderous Maoist leader in the Western Hemisphere.

February 28, 2011
Sandinistas and Contras Documented

The Hoover Archives has long had one of the world’s richest repositories of documentation on the domestic and international policies of modern Nicaragua. Major collections relate to both the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and the armed opposition to the Sandinistas, loosely designated in popular parlance as the “contras.” The latest addition is a collection of twenty-three letters written to Fonseca in 1969–70 by his wife, Maria Haydée Terán, while he was in prison in Costa Rica.

December 29, 2010
Hoover Archives Recently Opened Classical Liberal Commentaries on the Americas (1991 - 2010)

The Hoover Institution Archives has acquired a major collection of 8,788 Spanish-language newspaper commentaries (op-eds) written between 1991 and 2010 by 734 authors for the Agencia Interamericana de Prensa Económica. Most of the authors are prominent classical liberal analysts from twenty countries, mainly in Latin America though several are Hoover Institution fellows. The opeds constitute a running commentary on economic and political developments throughout the region.

December 7, 2010
Hoover Archives Acquires the Recordings of Venezuelan Students and Others as They Sound Off on the Growing Authoritarianism of Hugo Chavez

In 2007 Paris-based sociologist Elizabeth Burgos, a native of Venezuela, filled twenty-six cassette tapes with interviews of student and other critics of the increasing authoritarianism and regressive “twenty-first century socialism” of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez. Many students are interviewed here as are members of other groups and individuals.

December 7, 2010
Hoover Archives Recently Opened the Papers of Vladimir Chelminski, former Executive Director of the Caracas (Venezuela) Chamber of Commerce

Hoover has recently opened most of a major collection on modern Venezuela, beginning more than two decades before the election of Hugo Chavez as president in December 1998 and continuing through 2008. It includes notes, correspondence, printed matter and video tapes on economic, social and political conditions in Venezuela over more than three decades.

December 3, 2010
Hoover Archives Acquires the Papers of Argentine Juan Atilio Bramuglia, President of UN Security Council during the Berlin Blockade

The Hoover Institution has long had the best collection in any public archive in the world on Juan Domingo Perón and Peronism in Argentina. An important part of the Peronism collection, which relates more directly to world politics than most other Perón materials, has long been the personal archive of Juan Atilio Bramuglia (d. 1962), which was recently been strengthened by the acquisition of new materials related to the Berlin Blockade that began in 1948. This collection now includes cables and private correspondence between Bramuglia and Perón on the Berlin crisis and other materials, including speeches, interviews, and photographs, relating to international and Argentine domestic affairs.

December 3, 2010
Interviews Document Long but Largely Ignored anti-Castro Guerrilla War from 1959 to 1966

The Hoover Archives now has more than five dozen audiocassettes of interviews conducted in 2003-4 with Escambray war survivors by Paris-based sociologist Elizabeth Burgos, herself a Castroite activist during the 1960s. The interviews were mostly with guerrillas and long-held prisoners, or “Plantados,” the immovable ones who refused to cooperate with prison authorities and were often held many years longer than their already long prison terms.

December 2, 2010
Correspondence between the Russian Royal Family and American Aid Worker Donated to the Hoover Institution Archives

The Hoover Institution Library and Archives are fortunate to have recently acquired the papers of Ryden, which were donated by his niece, the author Hope Ryden. His collection includes twenty-three letters and postcards from the grand duchess that were written from Denmark between 1923 and 1929. Several of these postcards contain reproductions of her paintings, which Ryden helped sell in the United States during the 1920s and 1930s.

November 24, 2010
Hoover Archives Acquires the Papers of Earl E. T. Smith, the Last U.S. Ambassador to Precommunist Cuba

In November the Hoover Institution Archives received the papers of Ambassador Earl E. T. Smith, who served as the U.S. ambassador to Cuba from June 1957 until January 1959 and, as such, was an eyewitness to the collapse of the government of Cuban strongman Fulgencio Batista and the advent of communist leader Fidel Castro.

October 18, 2010
Research Collection of Roger Mansell, Concerning World War II Prisoners of War, Donated to Hoover Institution Library and Archives

The Hoover Institution Library and Archives received a large donation of World War II–era research materials from Roger Mansell.

October 22, 2008
PAPERS OF LATE U.S. CHIEF JUSTICE WILLIAM REHNQUIST DONATED TO HOOVER INSTITUTION

The papers of the late William H. Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2005, have been donated to the Hoover Institution Archives.

May 27, 2008
Hoover Institution Archives Acquires the Papers of Jude Wanniski and Robert L. Bartley
The Hoover Institution is pleased to announce the acquisition of the archival collections of journalists Jude Wanniski and Robert L. Bartley, two of the most influential interpreters and advocates of conservative economic theories during the past several decades.

April 8, 2008
Papers of John Sidney McCain now available for use at the Hoover Institution Archives
The papers of Admiral John Sidney McCain Sr. (August 9, 1884–September 6, 1945), who commanded the Fast Carrier Task Force in World War II, have been deposited at the Hoover Institution Archives.

February 27, 2008
Hoover Institution Archives acquires the Boleslaw “William” Boreysza Papers and NKVD Files
The papers of Boleslaw “William” Boreysza, a librarian-cataloger, who served in the Hoover Institution Library for more than thirty years until his retirement in 1990, have been added to the holdings of the Hoover Institution Archives. Boreysza (1921-2002) known as Bolek to his Polish friends and as Bill to his coworkers, was a well-known figure in the Polish émigré community of Northern California. Today readers can see a lightly penciled WB inside the cover of the many thousands of Hoover books that he cataloged over the years. His quiet profession contrasted with the tumultuous history that swept him up in his younger years, when he participated in and was a witness to the events in Poland, Soviet Russia, the Middle East, and Italy in World War II.