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Russia and Eurasia: New Acquisitions

March 20, 2014
Valentine Morozoff Papers Open: New Collection on Russian Emigrés in Japan

One significant consequence of the revolution in Russia in 1917 was the mass exodus of opponents of the Bolshevik regime: the first mass political emigration of the twentieth century. The fate of these émigrés continues to interest historians and other researchers to this day; bearing in mind growing trends in international history and migration studies, it will continue to do so in the future.

January 13, 2014
Nikolai Morshen papers now in Hoover Institution Archives

Nikolai Nikolaevich Marchenko, a Russian émigré writer best known under the pen name Nikolai Morshen, taught Russian at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey and wrote poetry in his spare time. His father, Nikolai Vladimirovich Marchenko, pen name Nikolai Narokov, is known for two novels: Mogu! and Mnimye velichiny, translated into English as The Chains of Fear (Chicago: Regnery, 1958).

December 17, 2013
The Hoover Institution acquires the papers of Ukrainian political consultant Kost Bondarenko

The origins of the current Ukrainian political turmoil lie in the country's recent path of development, and in particular the electoral contests that resulted in the Orange Revolution of 2004 and the election of Viktor Yanukovych as Ukrainian president in 2010. The Hoover Institution has recently acquired an important collection of papers that help to document this period and will be useful to all researchers seeking to understand the state of Ukrainian politics today.

December 13, 2013
Pro-Soviet Baltic “Interfront” Collection Added to Hoover Archives

The 1988-1991 movement for national independence in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia was resisted not only by Moscow, but it also had to contend with strong local opposition. Several pro-Soviet organizations emerged in reaction to growing popular demands for national sovereignty and independence in the Baltic region. 

November 8, 2013
Lee Harvey Oswald documents donated to Hoover Library and Archives

Hoover research fellow Paul Gregory has donated the pocket-sized English-Russian dictionary that Lee Harvey Oswald used in Russia to the Hoover Institution Archives.

October 7, 2013
New communist political ephemera from the Russian Federation in the Hoover Archives

A February 2013 public opinion poll of citizens in the Russian Federation found that 36 percent of respondents considered the Soviet political system better than all others, a 7 percent rise over last year. Such data should make researchers want to analyze more closely the political development of the Russian Federation since 1991, in particular the continuing appeal of the Soviet form of government among a growing sector of the population.

August 20, 2013
Hoover Institution receives gift of rare books on Soviet biological warfare defense program and anti-plague system

Raymond Zilinskas, director of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, has donated several rare publications on the history and development of Soviet anti-plague and biological warfare defense programs to the Hoover Institution Library. Of particular note is a twelve-volume set entitled Zanimatel’nye ocherki o deiatel’nosti i deiateliakh protivochumnoi sistemy Rossii i Sovetskogo Soiuza (Moskva, 1994-2002) on how to create defenses against plague and other infectious diseases.

May 8, 2013
Hoover acquires papers of Vadim Volkov

The collection contains minutes of meetings of the various political parties and groups to which Volkov belonged, as well as manifestos, programs, and other materials derived from social-democratic activity. A small but significant part of the collection concerns the emergence of the Leningrad Popular Front and related organizations during the perestroika period.

April 29, 2013
Conference on Peace Research, Education and Development sound recordings in the Hoover Archives

Building on its rich collections related to peacemaking and diplomacy, the Hoover Institution has now obtained audiocassettes of the proceedings of the national Conference on Peace Research, Education and Development (COPRED) held November 7-10, 1984. The conference brought together leading peace activists and political figures to discuss global challenges in security, institution building, conflict management, nuclear nonproliferation, and the role of public diplomacy in easing international tensions and improving international understanding.

February 12, 2013
Stepanov family papers find home in Hoover Archive

This collection should interest researchers studying both Soviet feminism and the Soviet propaganda system. Anna Abramovna Stepanova (Faikina) (1910–87), a journalist, participated in a 10,000–kilometer Women’s Auto Race in honor of Stalin’s constitution in 1936; the race is documented in a number of photographs and associated materials. In other photographs, she and her husband, Aleksandr Vasil’evich Stepanov (1906–65), are shown with I. G. Bolshakov, the Soviet minister of cinematography from 1946 to 1953, S. A. Lozovskii, head of the Sovinformbiuro (the official news and propaganda agency of the Soviet government, formed during the Second World War), as well as Soviet military leaders Marshals V.D. Sokolovskii and S. M. Budennyi.

December 4, 2012
Semeka Diaries Online

The World War II diaries of Sergeĭ Aleksandrovich Semeka, a medical administrator in the Soviet army, have been digitized and are available online. The diaries describe battlefield conditions and how medical activities were administered. They also detail Semeka’s frustration with military decisions, such as not burying fallen soldiers as the army advanced, and with shortages of supplies, hospital beds, and medical personnel.

November 27, 2012
Hoover Institution acquires papers of Igor Dashkevich

Igor Aleksandrovich Dashkevich was a political activist from Saint Petersburg who was involved in establishing independent trade unions and independent political and trade union publications during and immediately after the collapse of the Soviet system.

August 28, 2012
Album of photographs of UN Balkan Commission donated to Hoover Archives

George S. Scherbatoff (1897-1976), a US Navy commander during and after the Second World War, also served as a member of numerous naval and diplomatic missions, including the US delegation to the conference at Yalta in 1945. The donated album, which is entitled “Trip to Greece with the UN Balkan Commission, November 1947-May 1948,” contains many photographs of the commission’s activities that are described by accompanying notes.

June 27, 2012
Transcripts of Interviews with Ėduard Shevardnadze Now Available

The weekly radio interviews of Ėduard Shevardnadze, president of Georgia, during his last years in office are now available at the Hoover Archives. In these interviews Shevardnadze discusses the foreign policy of Georgia, especially relations with the United States and Russia; his trips to foreign countries and various districts of Georgia; visits of foreign statesmen and public figures to Georgia; and recent political, cultural, and social events.

February 12, 2012
Abkhaz election material in the Hoover Archives

The Republic of Abkhazia is recognized as an independent country today by only the Russian Federation, Venezuela, Nicaragua, and a handful of other states although it declared its independence during the course of the Russo-Georgian conflict of 2008. The Hoover Institution has acquired a set of election campaign literature from all three candidates, despite the lack of diplomatic relations between the United States and Abkhazia. The material, including posters, brochures, and leaflets, can be found in the Abkhaz subject collection.

November 11, 2011
Hoover acquires unique photos of Nikita Khrushchev and other Soviet leaders

In May 1961 Nikita Khrushchev visited the autonomous Soviet Republic of Adjara (Adzharia) in the present Republic of Georgia. The chief communist official in the region, Aleksandr Dursunovich Tkhilaishvili, was his guide and host. The photographs in this collection depict some scenes and meetings that took place during this visit. Of particular interest is someone in the crowd greeting Khrushchev holding up a large photo of Joseph Stalin, who at the time was out of favor with Khrushchev and his supporters.

October 25, 2011
Hoover Institution Library Receives Rare Publications of the Russian Orthodox Mission in China

Prince Andre Lobanov-Rostovsky was a specialist on Russo-Asian relations and a professor of Russian history at the University of Michigan and the University of California at Los Angeles. Several years ago his papers were donated to the Hoover Archives; that gift has now been followed by his library. Among the interesting and rare books received is a set of publications of the Russian Orthodox Mission in Peking (Beijing).

October 4, 2011
Hoover acquires two thousand pen-pal letters

In 1989, H. Lucas Ginn, then a California high school student, wrote to a Soviet magazine saying he was seeking a pen pal in the Soviet Union. Ginn’s letter and address were published in Studencheskii meridian, a youth magazine; he subsequently received some two thousand missives from young Soviet citizens. Most letters, which came from all over the USSR, are brief (and in Russian) but do allow some glimpses of the interests of Soviet youth at the time, including music, current events, and AIDS.

September 21, 2011
Hoover acquires papers of Alexei Milrud

Much of Alexei Milrud’s collection relates to the activities of his father, Mikhail Milrud, editor of the newspaper Segodnia in Riga, Latvia, between the two world wars. The collection includes materials on Mikhail’s career and copies of his NKVD file (he was arrested by the Soviets when they incorporated Latvia), as well as materials relating to the newspaper and the history of Russian publishing in Latvia. Also included is an interview with Alexei Milrud describing life in Latvia before and during the Second World War.

April 27, 2011
Hoover Acquires Nikolai Khokhlov papers

This collection contains papers and memorabilia of Nikolai Khokhlov, a KGB defector sent to Germany in 1954 to assassinate the head of the anti-Soviet émigré organization NTS. Khokhlov declined and defected to the West, where he wrote his memoirs and became a specialist in Soviet military espionage and psychology. Most of the papers relate to those aspects of his career, including material on psychological warfare and research in parapsychology.

March 30, 2011
Hoover Acquires Presidential Election Material from Belarus

The victory of Alexander Lukashenka in the Belarusian presidential election of December 2010 was never in doubt, although the opposition fielded a number of candidates. The 2010 election campaign material has been added to the Belarusian subject collection in the Hoover Institution Archives.

February 10, 2011
Hoover Institution acquires papers of Tatiana Zhilkina

This collection is subdivided into two topics. The first consists of fourteen reels of taped oral history interviews with builders involved in constructing the Baikalo-Amurskaia magistral (BAM), 1975-77. This was the last of the grandiose construction projects undertaken in the Soviet Union.

February 1, 2011
Azerbaijan Subject Collection increment

As a part of its ongoing collecting activities to document contemporary political events, the Hoover Institution receives political ephemera from the former Soviet Union. The latest increment of such materials is from Azerbaijan.

January 28, 2011
Increment to Eugene Magerovsky papers

This collection contains audiotapes and archival documents, including biographical information, clipping files, materials on Russian émigré life in Czechoslovakia, Germany, and the United States and on the establishment of Russian studies programs at colleges and in the US Army, correspondence, photographs, subject files on the Russian Imperial Army, the identification of the Romanov remains, the Russian Orthodox Church abroad, anticommunist organizations, as well as his writings, and articles and manuscripts written by others.

January 25, 2011
The papers of Major-General Nikolai D. Zarin
(commander of the 47th Division of the Imperial Russian Army in the First World War) consist of nine volumes of a handwritten diary of his experiences in the First World War, two drafts of the diary typed in English, twenty photographic prints. . . .

January 3, 2011
The Diaries of Ludwik Kowalski, Former Stalinist, Donated to the Hoover Institution Archives

The Ludwik Kowalski Papers available in the Hoover Institution Archives include the original notebook diaries (in Polish), hundreds of letters, and personal documents and photographs.

December 2, 2010
Correspondence between the Russian Royal Family and American Aid Worker Donated to the Hoover Institution Archives

The George H. Ryden (1884-1941) papers were donated by his niece, the author Hope Ryden. His collection includes twenty-three letters and postcards from the grand duchess that were written from Denmark between 1923 and 1929. In addition to the correspondence with Olga Alexandrovna, Ryden’s papers contain a variety of documents pertaining to Red Cross operations in the Crimea and southern Russia, including correspondence, reports of visits to orphanages, and financial records.

October 26, 2010
The papers of Polish General Zygmunt Berling now available at the Hoover Institution

The collection is not large but it includes many important documents that may throw new light on the life of Zygmunt Berling.

November 2, 2009
Hoover Institution Acquires Melita Norwood Papers

Kim Philby was part of the Cambridge Five, who were arguably the most notorious Soviet spies operating in Great Britain from the 1930s through the 1950s.

October 14, 2009
Hoover Institution Acquires Rare Periodical

The Russian Federation—like its predecessor, the USSR—has a network of some forty “closed cities,” entry into which requires special permission, both for Russians as well as for foreigners.

April 30, 2009
Hoover Institution Archives Acquires the Papers of Leon Gouré

The Hoover Institution Archives recently acquired the papers of well–known Sovietologist and civil defense expert Leon Gouré, who died in 2007 at the age of eighty–four.