George P. Shultz is the Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He was sworn in on July 16, 1982, as the sixtieth US secretary of state and served until January 20, 1989. In January 1989, he rejoined Stanford University as the Jack Steele Parker Professor of International Economics at the Graduate School of Business and as a distinguished fellow at the Hoover Institution.
Stephen D. Bechtel Jr. is chairman retired and a director of Bechtel Group. He is also chairman emeritus and a director of Fremont Group, LLC. He is also chairman of the S.D. Bechtel Jr. Foundation and the Stephen Bechtel Fund, the business headquarters of which are in San Francisco. Bechtel has served several industry and community organizations as chairman, including the Business Council, the Conference Board, and the National Academy of Engineering. He also served as vice chairman on the California Council for Science and Technology Task Force to advise Governor Schwarzenegger on improving K–12 science and mathematics education. Bechtel currently serves on the Hoover Task Force on Energy and the MIT Energy Initiative External Advisory Board.
Gary S. Becker, who won the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Science in 1992, is the Rose-Marie and Jack R. Anderson Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and University Professor of Economics and Sociology at the University of Chicago. He is an expert in human capital, economics of the family, and economic analysis of crime, discrimination, and population. His current research focuses on habits and addictions, formation of preferences, human capital, and population growth. He writes commentary for The Becker-Posner Blog and is one of the initial fellows of the Society of Labor Economists. In addition to being a Nobel laureate, Becker is a recipient of the 2007 Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Paul Berg is a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy. Berg is currently the Cahill Professor of Biochemistry Emeritus. He was born in New York City and received his undergraduate degree from Pennsylvania State University and a PhD in biochemistry from Case Western Reserve University. He joined the faculty of the Stanford School of Medicine in 1959. Professor Berg has received international recognition for his work on the genetic mechanisms through which cells form proteins. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing methods to map the structure and function of DNA and the development of the recombinant DNA technology. He has received the National Medal of Science and is an elected member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the French Academy of Science, and the Royal Society (London).
Samuel Bodman is the former U.S. secretary of energy (2005–9), having previously served as deputy secretary of the treasury and deputy secretary of commerce.
Bodman is a director of DuPont, Hess Corporation and AES Corporation. A trustee of the Carnegie Institution and Cornell University, he is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Bodman chairs the University of Texas Energy Institute Advisory Board and serves on the International Advisory Council of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
He holds a BS in chemical engineering from Cornell and a ScD from MIT, where he was an associate professor of chemical engineering. He then became president and COO of Fidelity Investments; in 1987, he joined Cabot Corporation, where he was chairman, CEO, and director.
Michael J. Boskin is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the T. M. Friedman Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He is also a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. In addition, he advises governments and businesses globally. Among other posts, he served as chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1989 to 1993.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Jeremy Carl is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, whose work focuses on energy and environmental policy, with an emphasis on energy security and global fossil fuel markets. In addition, he writes extensively on US-India relations and Indian politics.
Before coming to Hoover, Carl was a research fellow at the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford and a visiting fellow in resource and development economics at the Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi, India. He is the editor of Conversations about Energy: How the Experts See America’s Energy Choices, and his work has appeared in numerous books and journals in the energy and environmental fields. His writing and expertise have been featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, and many other publications. Jeremy holds degrees in history and public policy from Yale and Harvard Universities.
John F. Cogan is the Leonard and Shirley Ely Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and a professor in the Public Policy Program at Stanford University, where he has had a continuing appointment since 1980.
Cogan is an expert in domestic policy. His current research is focused on US budget and fiscal policy, social security, and health care. He has published widely in professional journals in both economics and political science. His most recent book, Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Five Steps to a Better Health Care System (Hoover Institution Press, 2011), coauthored with Glenn Hubbard and Daniel Kessler, recommends federal policy changes to improve US health-care markets.
Sidney D. Drell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and professor of theoretical physics (emeritus) at the Stanford's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
James E. Goodby is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a senior fellow with the Center for Northeast Asia Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution. He was a Distinguished Service Professor at Carnegie Mellon University from 1989 to 1999 and is now a professor emeritus. Goodby rose to the rank of career minister in the Senior Foreign Service and was given five presidential appointments to ambassadorial rank. During his Foreign Service career he was involved in the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the negotiation of the limited nuclear test ban treaty, START, the Conference on Disarmament in Europe, and cooperative threat reduction (the Nunn-Lugar program). Goodby’s most recent publication is Deterrence: Its Past and Future—Papers Presented at Hoover Institution, November 2010 (Hoover Institution Press, 2011) edited with George P. Shultz and Sidney D. Drell.
Lawrence H. Goulder is a professor and chair of the Department of Economics at Stanford University, where he is also a Kennedy-Grossman Fellow in human biology and a senior fellow at Institute for Economic Policy Research. He is also a research associate and a University Fellow of Resources for the Future at the National Bureau of Economics Research. Goulder, who graduated from Harvard College with an AB in philosophy, obtained a master's degree in musical composition from the Ecole Normale de Musique de Paris, and earned a PhD in economics from Stanford in 1982. He was a faculty member in the Department of Economics at Harvard before returning to Stanford in 1989. Goulder has conducted analyses for several government agencies, environmental organizations, and industry groups.
Kenneth L. Judd, the Paul H. Bauer Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, is an expert in the economics of taxation, imperfect competition, and mathematical economics. His current research focuses on developing computational methods for economic modeling and applying them to tax policy, antitrust issues, macroeconomics, and policies related to climate change. He currently is a co–principal investigator at the Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy Policy, the director of the Initiative for Computational Economics at the University of Chicago, and a member of the National Academies Board on Mathematical Sciences and Applications.
Alexander A. Karsner was Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy from 2005 to 2008. He is a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Task Force on Energy Policy. He distinguished himself as a principal architect and contributor to international climate change deliberations toward achieving a post-2012 global energy framework and as America's top regulator for energy efficiency. He brings twenty years of experience in global energy development and project financing across a wide array of conventional and renewable sources. He served as CEO of the power development and consulting firm Enercorp, and both Director and Senior Development Manager for Wartsila Diesel. Mr. Karsner is currently on the Board of Directors of Argonne National Laboratory, Conservation International and Applied Materials. He is a Distinguished Fellow at the Council on Competitiveness and a leader of the Energy Future Coalition.
Kevin Murphy is a professor of economics at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. He received a BA in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles and a PhD in economics from the University of Chicago, writing his thesis on specialization and human capital. Murphy is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships, including the John Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, a Sloan Foundation Fellowship, and an Earhart Foundation Fellowship. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society, a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the author of more than fifty published articles.
William Perry is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies. He is the Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor at Stanford University and serves as codirector of the Nuclear Risk Reduction initiative and the Preventive Defense Project. He is an expert in US foreign policy, national security, and arms control. Perry was the nineteenth secretary of defense for the United States, serving from February 1994 to January 1997.
John Raisian, the Tad and Dianne Taube Director of the Hoover Institution and a senior fellow, is a labor economist whose current interests include the application of economic principles to public policy formation and the appropriate role of government in society. He served as senior economist in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and as special assistant for economic policy and director of research in the U.S. Department of Labor during the first term of the Reagan administration.
William K. Reilly is founding partner of Aqua International Partners, a private equity fund invested in water and renewable energy companies, and senior adviser to TPG Capital, an international investment partnership. Reilly has served as administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, president of the World Wildlife Fund, and president of the Conservation Foundation. In addition to serving on several boards, he is chairman of the ClimateWorks Foundation, chairman emeritus of the World Wildlife Fund, cochair of the National Commission on Energy Policy, chairman of the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University, and a director of the Packard Foundation and the National Geographic Society. He currently serves on the Hoover Institution’s Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy.
Condoleezza Rice is the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution, the Denning Professor in Global Business and the Economy at the Graduate School of Business, and professor of political science at Stanford University.
From January 2005 to 2009, she served as the 66th secretary of state of the United States. Before serving as America’s chief diplomat, she served as assistant to the president for national security affairs (national security adviser) from January 2001 to 2005.
Her research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Burton Richter is a Nobel laureate (physics, 1976); the Paul Pigott Professor in the Physical Sciences Emeritus, Stanford University; former director, SLAC National Accelerator Center; member, National Academy of Sciences; fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and American Association for the Advancement of Science; and past president, American Physical Society and International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. He is a member of the Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee, chairing its subcommittee on Advanced Fuel Cycles, and is on the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center Advisory Council, Stanford University and a member of the JASON Group and the French Atomic Energy Commission Visiting Group. He chaired the influential 2008 American Physical Society's Energy Efficiency Study. In 2012, Richter received the Enrico Fermi Award, one of the government's most prestigious awards for scientific achievement.
Admiral Gary Roughead, USN (Ret.), an Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, graduated from the US Naval Academy in 1973. In September 2007, he became the twenty-ninth chief of naval operations after holding six operational commands and is one of only two officers in the navy’s history to have commanded both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. He served as the commandant of the US Naval Academy, during which time he led the strategic planning efforts that underpinned that institution’s first capital campaign. He was also the navy’s chief of legislative affairs, responsible for the Department of the Navy’s interactions with Congress, and the deputy commander of the US Pacific Command during the massive relief effort following the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean.
Henry S. Rowen, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, was a professor of public policy and management at Stanford University's Graduate School of Business and a member of that university's Asia/Pacific Research Center. He is currently codirector of Stanford's Program on Regions of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Lucy Shapiro is a professor in the Department of Developmental Biology at Stanford University’s School of Medicine, where she holds the Virginia and D. K. Ludwig Chair in Cancer Research; she is also director of the Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine. She is a member of the Board of Advisors of the Pasteur Institute, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. She founded the anti-infectives discovery company Anacor Pharmaceuticals and is a member of its board of directors. Professor Shapiro has received multiple honors, including election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. She was awarded the 2005 Selman A. Waksman Award from the National Academy of Sciences, the Canadian International 2009 Gairdner Award, the 2009 John Scott Award, and the 2010 Abbott Lifetime Achievement Award.
Kiron K. Skinner is the W. Glenn Campbell Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. At Carnegie Mellon University, she is founding director of the Center for International Relations and Politics; director of the Institute for Strategic Analysis; university adviser on national security policy; and associate professor of political science. Her areas of expertise are international relations, US foreign policy, and political strategy. Since 2004, she has served on the Chief of Naval Operations’ Executive Panel. In 2010, Skinner was appointed to the advisory board of the George W. Bush Oral History Project. In 2012, Pennsylvania governor Tom Corbett appointed Skinner to his Advisory Commission on African American Affairs. Skinner’s coauthored books Reagan, in His Own Hand and Reagan, a Life in Letters were New York Times best sellers. Her opinion pieces appear in leading newspapers and national online outlets.
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David Slayton is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He serves as co-chair of the Arctic Security Initiative and as a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy.
During his navy career, Slayton completed twelve combat deployments, to include commanding the largest US Navy combat unit in Afghanistan in 2009. His combat decorations include the Bronze Star Medal, three Meritorious Service Medals, and twelve Air Medals, in addition to numerous campaign medals and unit citations.
His research, writing, and contributions focus on national security, energy security, the Arctic, and Asia-Pacific maritime strategy. Slayton earned his bachelor’s degree from the University of California at Los Angeles. He holds two masters’ degrees, one in business and leadership from the University of San Diego, the other in national security and strategic studies from the Naval War College.
Abraham D. Sofaer, who served as legal adviser to the US Department of State from 1985 to 1990, was appointed the first George P. Shultz Distinguished Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1994. Sofaer's work focuses on the power over war within the US government and on issues related to international law, terrorism, diplomacy, and national security. His most recent books are Taking on Iran: Strength, Diplomacy, and the Iranian Threat (Hoover Institution Press, 2013) and The Best Defense?: Legitimacy and Preventive Force (Hoover Institution Press, 2010).
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Mr. Stephenson is a long time partner of Sequoia Capital, a prominent Silicon Valley based venture capital firm. Prior to joining Sequoia in 1988 he spent 22 year at Fidelity Investments in Boston where he helped found Fidelity Ventures in 1969 and later ran that very successful operation for many years. More recently Mr. Stephenson served a 19 month stint as the United States Ambassador to Portugal, 14 months at the end of the Bush ‘43 Administration and then for the first 5 months of the Obama Administration. He has been active in the affairs of Harvard University over the years, currently serving as a member of the Board of Overseers and its Executive Committee. He has also been a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution, the Board of Advisors of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, the Board of Directors of Conservation International, and the Board of Overseers of the Wilson Center Council and as a corporate fund vice chairman of the Kennedy Center. He holds an AB from Harvard, an MBA from Harvard Business School, and a JD from Boston College.
James L. Sweeney, known for his work energy economics and energy policy, is a Hoover Institution senior fellow. Sweeney analyzes economic and policy issues, especially those involving energy systems and/or the environment. He has particular research interests in global climate change, automotive fuel economy regulation, electricity market problems, and market structure issues.
John B. Taylor is the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics at the Hoover Institution and the Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He was previously the director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and was founding director of Stanford's Introductory Economics Center. He has a long and distinguished record of public service. Among other roles, he served as a member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisors from 1989 to 1991 and as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs from 2001 to 2005.
David G. Victor is a professor at the University of California, San Diego, in the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies and director of the Laboratory on International Law and Regulation. Previously he ran Stanford’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development and was a professor at Stanford Law School. His current research examines when and how international law works. His books include Natural Gas and Geopolitics (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol (Princeton University Press, 2001, 2004). He received his AB from Harvard and his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in political science.
R. James Woolsey was the Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, 2008-09; a venture partner at VantagePoint Venture Partners; a senior executive adviser to Booz Allen Hamilton; counsel to the law firm of Goodwin Procter; and chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group of Paladin Capital Group.