Daron Acemoglu is the Charles P. Kindleberger Professor of Applied Economics in the Department of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Econometric Society, the European Economic Association, and the Society of Labor Economists. He has received numerous awards and fellowships, including the inaugural T. W. Shultz Prize from the University of Chicago, the Sherwin Rosen Award for outstanding contributions to labor economics in 2004, and the John Bates Clark Medal in 2005. His research interests include political economy, economic development and growth, human capital theory, growth theory, innovation, search theory, network economics, and learning.
Fouad Ajami is the Herbert and Jane Dwight Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and the cochair of the Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on Islamism and the International Order. From 1980 to 2011 he was director of Middle East Studies at the Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of The Arab Predicament, Beirut: City of Regrets, The Dream Palace of the Arabs, and The Foreigner's Gift. His most recent publication is The Syrian Rebellion (Hoover Institution Press, 2012). His writings also include some four hundred essays on Arab and Islamic politics, US foreign policy, and contemporary international history. Ajami has received numerous awards, including the Benjamin Franklin Award for public service (2011), the Eric Breindel Award for Excellence in Opinion Journalism (2011), the Bradley Prize (2006), the National Humanities Medal (2006), and the MacArthur Fellows Award (1982). His research has charted the road to 9/11, the Iraq war, and the US presence in the Arab-Islamic world.
Kenneth Anderson is a professor of international law at Washington College of Law, American University, Washington, DC, and a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution. He specializes in international law. Formerly general counsel to the Open Society Institute and director of the Human Rights Watch Arms Division, Anderson has written Living with the UN: American Responsibilities and International Order (2012), and a new book with Benjamin Wittes, Speaking the Law: The Obama Administration’s Addresses on National Security Law (2013), both published by the Hoover Institution Press. Anderson blogs at the law professor websites Volokh Conspiracy and Opinio Juris, and is the book review editor of the national security law website Lawfare.
Terry Anderson is the John and Jean De Nault Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and the executive director of PERC (the Property and Environment Research Center), a think tank in Bozeman, Montana, that focuses on market solutions to environmental problems. His research helped launch the idea of free-market environmentalism and has prompted public debate over the proper role of government in managing natural resources. He was the cochair of Hoover's Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity Task Force.
Scott W. Atlas is the David and Joan Traitel Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and senior fellow by courtesy at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford.
Atlas's research interests are domestic and global health care policy, particularly the role of government in pricing, quality, access, and innovation. He lectures throughout the world on MRI advances and key economic issues related to technology innovation. Atlas has been interviewed on television, radio, and other news media, including BBC Radio and the Lehrer News Hour, and in newspapers such as England’s Financial Times, Brazil’s Correio Braziliense, Italy’s Corriere della Sera, and Argentina’s Diario La Nacion. His most recent book, In Excellent Health: Setting the Record Straight on America’s Health Care (Hoover Institution Press, 2011), gives evidence of the high quality and access found in the US health care system relative to those of other countries and suggests free-market reforms to reduce costs and maintain quality and consumer choice. Atlas, who has received numerous awards and honors, has been a member of the Nominating Committee for the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology for several years.
Atlas received his BS from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and his MD from the University of Chicago.
Zeyno Baran is the director of the Hudson Institute's Center for Eurasian Policy and a senior fellow at the Hudson's Center on Islam, Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World. She previously directed the International Security and Energy Programs at the Nixon Center; before that she directed the Georgia Forum and the Caucasus Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Stephen D. Bechtel Jr. is chairman retired and a director of Bechtel Group. He is also chairman emeritus and a director of Fremont Group, LLC. He is also chairman of the S.D. Bechtel Jr. Foundation and the Stephen Bechtel Fund, the business headquarters of which are in San Francisco. Bechtel has served several industry and community organizations as chairman, including the Business Council, the Conference Board, and the National Academy of Engineering. He also served as vice chairman on the California Council for Science and Technology Task Force to advise Governor Schwarzenegger on improving K–12 science and mathematics education. Bechtel currently serves on the Hoover Task Force on Energy and the MIT Energy Initiative External Advisory Board.
Gary S. Becker, who won the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Science in 1992, is the Rose-Marie and Jack R. Anderson Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and University Professor of Economics and Sociology at the University of Chicago. He is an expert in human capital, economics of the family, and economic analysis of crime, discrimination, and population. His current research focuses on habits and addictions, formation of preferences, human capital, and population growth. He writes commentary for The Becker-Posner Blog and is one of the initial fellows of the Society of Labor Economists. In addition to being a Nobel laureate, Becker is a recipient of the 2007 Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Paul Berg is a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy. Berg is currently the Cahill Professor of Biochemistry Emeritus. He was born in New York City and received his undergraduate degree from Pennsylvania State University and a PhD in biochemistry from Case Western Reserve University. He joined the faculty of the Stanford School of Medicine in 1959. Professor Berg has received international recognition for his work on the genetic mechanisms through which cells form proteins. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing methods to map the structure and function of DNA and the development of the recombinant DNA technology. He has received the National Medal of Science and is an elected member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the French Academy of Science, and the Royal Society (London).
Russell A. Berman, the Walter A. Haas Professor in the Humanities at Stanford University, is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Working Group on Islamism and the International Order.
Berman specializes in German culture and is a member of both the Department of German Studies and the Department of Comparative Literature at Stanford University. He is the author of numerous articles and books including Enlightenment or Empire: Colonial Discourse in German Culture (1998) and The Rise of the Modern German Novel: Crisis and Charisma (1986), both of which won the Outstanding Book Award of the German Studies Association. Other books include Anti-Americanism in Europe: A Cultural Problem (2004), Fiction Sets You Free: Literature, Liberty and Western Culture (2007), and, most recently, Freedom or Terror: Europe Faces Jihad (2010).
Philip Bobbitt is the Herbert Wechsler Professor of Jurisprudence and director of the Center for National Security at Columbia Law School. He is also a senior fellow at the Robert Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas. He is the author of seven books, of which Terror and Consent:The Wars for the 21st Century (Knopf, 2008) is the most recent. He has served in various capacities in government, including posts at the White House (associate counsel to president), the Senate (legal counsel to the Iran-Contra Committee), the State Department (the counselor on international law), and the National Security Council (director for intelligence programs, senior director for critical infrastructure, and senior director for strategic planning). He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He lives in New York, Austin, and London.
Samuel Bodman is the former U.S. secretary of energy (2005–9), having previously served as deputy secretary of the treasury and deputy secretary of commerce.
Bodman is a director of DuPont, Hess Corporation and AES Corporation. A trustee of the Carnegie Institution and Cornell University, he is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Bodman chairs the University of Texas Energy Institute Advisory Board and serves on the International Advisory Council of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
He holds a BS in chemical engineering from Cornell and a ScD from MIT, where he was an associate professor of chemical engineering. He then became president and COO of Fidelity Investments; in 1987, he joined Cabot Corporation, where he was chairman, CEO, and director.
Michael J. Boskin is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the T. M. Friedman Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He is also a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. In addition, he advises governments and businesses globally. Among other posts, he served as chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1989 to 1993.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Gerard V. Bradley is a professor of law at the University of Notre Dame, where he directs (with John Finnis) the Natural Law Institute and coedits the American Journal of Jurisprudence, an international forum for legal philosophy. Bradley, who was for many years president of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars, received his BA and JD degrees from Cornell University, graduating summa cum laude from the law school in 1980. After practicing as a prosecutor in Manhattan, he joined the law faculty at the University of Illinois. In 1992, he moved to Notre Dame. Bradley has published more than one hundred scholarly articles and reviews. His most recent books are A Student's Guide to the Study of Law (ISI 2006); Essays on Law, Morality and Religion (Scranton, 2009); and A Brief History of Religious Liberty in America (Heritage Foundation, 2008).
David Brady is deputy director and Davies Family Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He is also the Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Professor of Political Science and Leadership Values in the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a professor of political science in the School of Humanities and Sciences at the university. Brady is an expert on the US Congress and congressional decision making. His current research focuses on the political history of the US Congress, the history of US election results, and public policy processes in general. Brady received a BS degree from Western Illinois University and an MA in 1967 and a PhD in 1970 from the University of Iowa. He was a CIC scholar at the University of Michigan from 1964 to 1965.
Charles Calomiris is the Henry Kaufman Professor of Financial Institutions at the Columbia University Graduate School of Business and a professor at Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs. He is a member of the Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee, was a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Jeremy Carl is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, whose work focuses on energy and environmental policy, with an emphasis on energy security and global fossil fuel markets. In addition, he writes extensively on US-India relations and Indian politics.
Before coming to Hoover, Carl was a research fellow at the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford and a visiting fellow in resource and development economics at the Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi, India. He is the editor of Conversations about Energy: How the Experts See America’s Energy Choices, and his work has appeared in numerous books and journals in the energy and environmental fields. His writing and expertise have been featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, and many other publications. Jeremy holds degrees in history and public policy from Yale and Harvard Universities.
James Ceaser is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Harry F. Byrd Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia and director of the Program for Constitutionalism and Democracy. He is the author of several books on American politics and American political thought, including Presidential Selection (Princeton University Press, 1979), Reconstructing America (Yale University Press, 1997), and Nature and History in American Political Development (Harvard University Press, 2006) ), and Designing a Polity (Rowman and Littlefield, 2010). He has held visiting positions at Harvard University, Princeton University, Oxford University, the University of Basel, and the University of Bordeaux. He is a frequent contributor to the popular press, most recently the Weekly Standard and the National Review.
John E. Chubb, a distinguished visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of Hoover’s Koret Task Force on K–12 Education, is the president of the National Association of Independent Schools. He served as the interim CEO of Education Sector, a nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization. He was previously a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, a faculty member at Stanford University, and an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University and Princeton University. His books include The Best Teachers in the World: Why We Don’t Have Them and How We Could (Hoover Institution Press 2012), Liberating Learning (Jossey-Bass, 2009), and Politics, Markets, and America’s Schools (Brookings, 1990), the last two with Terry M. Moe. Chubb earned an AB summa cum laude from Washington University in St. Louis and a PhD from the University of Minnesota, both in political science.
John F. Cogan is the Leonard and Shirley Ely Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and a professor in the Public Policy Program at Stanford University, where he has had a continuing appointment since 1980.
Cogan is an expert in domestic policy. His current research is focused on US budget and fiscal policy, social security, and health care. He has published widely in professional journals in both economics and political science. His most recent book, Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Five Steps to a Better Health Care System (Hoover Institution Press, 2011), coauthored with Glenn Hubbard and Daniel Kessler, recommends federal policy changes to improve US health-care markets.
Marius Deeb, who obtained his doctorate from Oxford University, is a leading authority on Middle Eastern politics and history. Professor Deeb teaches at the School of Advanced International Studies of John Hopkins University; he previously taught at Indiana University, the American University of Beirut, and Georgetown University. His publications include Party Politics in Egypt: The Wafd and Its Rivals, 1919–1939, The Lebanese Civil War, Libya since Revolution: Aspects of Social and Political Development (coauthored with Mary-Jane Deeb), Militant Islamic Movements in Lebanon: Origins, Social Basis and Ideology, and Syria’s Terrorist War on Lebanon and the Peace Process. Deeb’s research interests include political parties and movements, militant Islam in all its varieties, the Christian communities of the Middle East, and Islam and the West.
Sidney D. Drell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and professor of theoretical physics (emeritus) at the Stanford's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Darrell Duffie is the Dean Witter Distinguished Professor of Finance at the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University. He is a member of the Financial Advisory Roundtable of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, a fellow and member of the Council of the Econometric Society, a research fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the immediate past president of the American Finance Association. Duffie's research concerns valuation and risk in financial markets. He is the author, most recently, of How Big Banks Fail— and What to Do about It and a coauthor of The Squam Lake Report—Fixing the Financial System (both published by Princeton University Press in 2010).
Richard A. Epstein, Peter and Kirsten Bedford Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law at New York University, and senior lecturer at the University of Chicago, researches and writes on a broad range of constitutional, economic, historical, and philosophical subjects. He has taught administrative law, antitrust law, communications law, constitutional law, corporate law, criminal law, employment discrimination law, environmental law, food and drug law, health law, labor law, Roman law, real estate development and finance, and individual and corporate taxation. His publications cover an equally broad range of topics. His most recent book, published in 2013, is The Classical Liberal Constitution: The Uncertain Quest for Limited Government (2013). He is a past editor of the Journal of Legal Studies (1981–91) and the Journal of Law and Economics (1991–2001).
Williamson M. Evers, a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Institution’s Koret Task Force on K–12 Education, was the US assistant secretary of education for policy from 2007 to 2009. In 2003, Evers served in Iraq as a senior adviser for education to Administrator L. Paul Bremer of the Coalition Provisional Authority. Evers has been a member of National Educational Research Policy and Priorities Board, a commissioner on the California State Academic Standards Commission, a trustee on the Santa Clara County Board of Education, and a president of the board of directors of the East Palo Alto Charter School. He currently serves on former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's California Academic Content Standards Commission.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Chester E. Finn Jr. is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and chairman of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. He is also president and trustee of the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation. Previously, he was professor of education and public policy at Vanderbilt University, senior fellow of the Hudson Institute, founding partner with the Edison Project and legislative director for Senator Daniel P. Moynihan. He served as assistant US education secretary for research and improvement from 1985 to 1988.
Author of more than 400 articles and 20 books, Finn's most recent books are Exam Schools: Inside America’s Most Selective Public High Schools and Reroute the Preschool Juggernaut (Hoover Institution Press, 2009).
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Reuel Marc Gerecht is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies specializing in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Islamic militancy, and terrorism. His most recent publication is The Wave: Man, God, and the Ballot Box in the Middle East (Hoover Institution Press, 2011). Other books include A Spy's Journey into Revolutionary Iran and The Islamic Paradox. Gerecht was a case officer in the Central Intelligence Agency's Clandestine Service focusing on the Middle East. Previously, he was a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and the director of the Middle East Initiative at the Project for New American Century. Gerecht is a graduate of Johns Hopkins, Edinburgh, and Princeton Universities.
Jack Goldsmith is the Henry L. Shattuck Professor of Law at Harvard University and the author, most recently, of Power and Constraint: The Accountable Presidency after 9/11 (W.W. Norton, 2012) and many other books and articles related to terrorism, national security, and international law. Before coming to Harvard, Goldsmith served in 2003–4 as assistant attorney general, Office of Legal Counsel, and in 2002–3 as special counsel to the general counsel to the Department of Defense. Goldsmith holds a JD from Yale Law School, a BA and an MA from Oxford University, and a BA from Washington and Lee University. He clerked for Supreme Court justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Court of Appeals judge J. Harvie Wilkinson, and Judge George Aldrich on the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal. Goldsmith is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
James E. Goodby is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a senior fellow with the Center for Northeast Asia Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution. He was a Distinguished Service Professor at Carnegie Mellon University from 1989 to 1999 and is now a professor emeritus. Goodby rose to the rank of career minister in the Senior Foreign Service and was given five presidential appointments to ambassadorial rank. During his Foreign Service career he was involved in the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the negotiation of the limited nuclear test ban treaty, START, the Conference on Disarmament in Europe, and cooperative threat reduction (the Nunn-Lugar program). Goodby’s most recent publication is Deterrence: Its Past and Future—Papers Presented at Hoover Institution, November 2010 (Hoover Institution Press, 2011) edited with George P. Shultz and Sidney D. Drell.
Lawrence H. Goulder is a professor and chair of the Department of Economics at Stanford University, where he is also a Kennedy-Grossman Fellow in human biology and a senior fellow at Institute for Economic Policy Research. He is also a research associate and a University Fellow of Resources for the Future at the National Bureau of Economics Research. Goulder, who graduated from Harvard College with an AB in philosophy, obtained a master's degree in musical composition from the Ecole Normale de Musique de Paris, and earned a PhD in economics from Stanford in 1982. He was a faculty member in the Department of Economics at Harvard before returning to Stanford in 1989. Goulder has conducted analyses for several government agencies, environmental organizations, and industry groups.
Joseph A. Grundfest is the W.A. Franke Professor of Law and Business at Stanford Law School. He is a nationally recognized expert on capital markets, corporate governance, and securities litigation. He founded the award-winning Stanford Securities Class Action Clearinghouse, which provides detailed, online information about the prosecution, defense, and settlement of federal class action securities fraud litigation. He co-directs Directors' College, the nation's leading venue for the continuing professional education of directors of publicly traded corporations, as well as the Arthur and Toni Rembe Rock Center for Corporate Governance and the Stanford Program in Law, Economics, and Business. Before coming to Stanford in 1990, he was a commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission and served on the staff of the President's Council of Economic Advisors as counsel and senior economist for legal and regulatory matters.
John A. Gunn is the Chairman Emeritus of Dodge & Cox, Investment Managers. He joined Dodge & Cox in 1972 and is a Trustee of the Dodge & Cox Funds. He is a CFA® charterholder and a Chartered Investment Counselor. He currently serves as Chairman of the Advisory Council for the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and is a member of the Board of Trustees of Castilleja School, having served as Chairman of the Board from 2002 to 2005. He graduated from Stanford University in 1966 and received his M.B.A. from the Stanford Graduate School of Business in 1972.
Stephen Haber, Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and A.A. and Jeanne Welch Milligan Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University, is also professor of political science, history, and (by courtesy) economics at Stanford. He has been awarded every teaching prize at Stanford, including the Walter J. Gores Award for distinguished teaching. His research examines political institutions and economic policies that “hold up” innovation. His current research examines the creation of regulatory barriers to entry in finance, the economic and political consequences of hold up problems created by different systems of agricultural production, and the comparative development of patent systems. Haber’s most recent book, Fragile by Design (with Charles Calomiris), examines how governments and industry incumbents often craft banking regulatory policies in ways that stifle competition and increase systemic risk.
Eric Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University and a member of the Institution’s Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. He is best known for introducing rigorous economic analysis into educational policy deliberations. He has produced some twenty-one books and over 200 scholarly articles. He is chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of the Koret Task Force on K-12 Education. He formerly served as chair of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences. His newest book, Endangering Prosperity: A Global View of the American School, documents the huge economic costs of continuing to have mediocre schools.
Charles Hill, a career minister in the US Foreign Service, is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and cochair of the Working Group on Islamism and the International Order. He was executive aide to former US secretary of state George P. Shultz (1983–89) and served as special consultant on policy to the secretary-general of the United Nations (1992–96). He is also the Brady-Johnson Distinguished Fellow in Grand Strategy and a senior lecturer in humanities at Yale. His most recent book is Trial of a Thousand Years: World Order and Islamism (Hoover Institution Press, 2011).
Among Hill's awards are the Superior Honor Award from the Department of State in 1973 and 1981; the Presidential Distinguished Service Award in 1987 and 1989; and the Secretary of State's Medal in 1989. He was granted an honorary doctor of laws degree by Rowan University.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Paul T. Hill is a distinguished visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. He is the founder and former director of the Center on Reinventing Public Education at the University of Washington. His most recent books are Learning as We Go: Why School Choice is Worth the Wait (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), and Charter Schools Against the Odds. He also contributed a chapter to Private Vouchers, a groundbreaking study edited by Terry Moe.
Caroline Hoxby is the Scott and Donya Bommer Professor of Economics at Stanford University, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, a member of the Institution’s Koret Task Force on K–12 Education, the director of the Economics of Education Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a presidential appointee to the National Board of Education Sciences. A public and labor economist, she is a leading scholar in the economics of education. Some of her research areas include the outcomes of graduates from different colleges, public school finance, school choice, and the effect of education on economic growth and income inequality. Hoxby has a Ph.D. from MIT, studied at Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, and obtained her baccalaureate degree from Harvard University. She is currently completing studies on how education affects economic growth; globalization in higher education; peer effects in education; and the effects of charter schools on student achievement.
R. Glenn Hubbard is the dean of Columbia University Business School, where he is also the Russell L. Carson Professor of Finance and Economics, and a member of the Working Group on Health Care Policy. Hubbard has been at Columbia University since 1988; he has been a visiting professor at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and Harvard Business School, as well as the University of Chicago. He served as deputy assistant secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department for Tax Policy from 1991 to 1993. From February 2001 until March 2003, he was chairman of the U.S. Council of Economic Advisers, at which time he also chaired the Economic Policy Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). He is currently a director of ADP, BlackRock Closed-End Funds, KKR Financial Corporation, and Met Life. Hubbard received his BA and BS degrees summa cum laude from the University of Central Florida and holds AM and PhD degrees in economics from Harvard University.
James Huffman is dean emeritus and formerly the Erskine Wood Sr. Professor of Law at Lewis and Clark Law School in Oregon. He served as dean of the law school from 1993 to 2006. Huffman serves on the boards of the National Crime Victims Law Institute, the Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment, the Classroom Law Project, and the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation. He is a member and former chair of the Executive Committee of the Environment and Property Rights Practice Group of the Federalist Society. His research interests include natural resource, property, environmental, and constitutional law.
Charles B. Johnson is chairman and director of Franklin Resources, Inc. and various Franklin Templeton funds. He joined Franklin Distributors, Inc., as President and CEO in 1957 and assumed those positions for Franklin Resources when it was organized in 1969. He served as CEO until 2003. He is a member of the New York Society of Security Analysts and was elected chairman of the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) in 1992. He also served on various boards and and committees of the NASD from 1988 to 2002, as well as the Board of Governors of the Investment Company Institute from 1973 to 1988. He is a member of the Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution and serves on the boards of a number of civic and charitable organizations.
Kenneth L. Judd, the Paul H. Bauer Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, is an expert in the economics of taxation, imperfect competition, and mathematical economics. His current research focuses on developing computational methods for economic modeling and applying them to tax policy, antitrust issues, macroeconomics, and policies related to climate change. He currently is a co–principal investigator at the Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy Policy, the director of the Initiative for Computational Economics at the University of Chicago, and a member of the National Academies Board on Mathematical Sciences and Applications.
Alexander A. Karsner was Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy from 2005 to 2008. He is a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Task Force on Energy Policy. He distinguished himself as a principal architect and contributor to international climate change deliberations toward achieving a post-2012 global energy framework and as America's top regulator for energy efficiency. He brings twenty years of experience in global energy development and project financing across a wide array of conventional and renewable sources. He served as CEO of the power development and consulting firm Enercorp, and both Director and Senior Development Manager for Wartsila Diesel. Mr. Karsner is currently on the Board of Directors of Argonne National Laboratory, Conservation International and Applied Materials. He is a Distinguished Fellow at the Council on Competitiveness and a leader of the Energy Future Coalition.
Nibras Kazimi is a visiting scholar at the Hudson Institute. Previously, he directed the Research Bureau of the Iraqi National Congress in Washington, D.C., and Baghdad and was a pro bono adviser to the Higher National Commission for De-Ba'athification, which he helped establish and staff. He also contributed regular columns to the New York Sun and Prospect Magazine (UK).
Kazimi's research focuses on the growing threat of jihadism in the Middle East, as well as prospects for democracy in the region. His primary interest is the national security of Iraq and how threats to the nascent democracy there are enabled and coordinated by regional Middle Eastern actors and factors. He travels widely; recently he visited Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, and Jordan.
Daniel Kessler is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. In addition to his Hoover appointment, he is a professor in the Stanford Graduate School of Business, Stanford Law School, and a professor, by courtesy, at the Stanford School of Medicine. His research interests include empirical studies in antitrust law, law and economics, and the economics of health care. His books include a forthcoming second edition Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Five Steps to a Better Health Care System, which he coauthored with Leonard and Shirley Ely Senior Fellow John Cogan and R. Glenn Hubbard, and Regulation versus Litigation: Perspectives from Economics and Law (University of Chicago Press, 2010).
Stephen D. Krasner is the Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Relations at Stanford University, a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute, and a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. He was director of the policy planning staff at the Department of State (2005–7), director for governance and development at the National Security Council (2002). In 2003–4 he was deputy director of the Freeman Spogli Institute and director of the Center for Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law at the institute, as well as a member of the board of directors of the United States Institute of Peace. He received his B.A. from Cornell, M.A. from Columbia, and Ph.D. from Harvard. He is the author of Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (Princeton: 1999), several other books, and more than eighty articles. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Howard Leach serves as president of Leach Capital, LLC and Foley Timber & Land Company. Leach was U.S. ambassador to France from 2001 to 2005 and a member of the Board of Regents of the University of California from 1990 to 2001, serving as chairman from 1993 to 1995. Leach graduated from Yale University and attended Stanford Graduate School of Business. He served as an officer in the U.S. Air Force from 1953 through 1955 and has served as director of various companies, including as chairman of Hunter Fan Company and Shippers Development Company. Leach also serves on the Boards of the American Friends of Versailles, the American University of Paris, the French-American Foundation, the French Heritage Society, and the Haas Business School at the University of California at Berkeley.
Bernard Lewis is the Cleveland E. Dodge Professor of Near Eastern Studies Emeritus at Princeton University. A widely read expert on the Middle East, he is regarded as one of the West’s leading scholars on the region. He has published numerous books; the most recent is titled The End of Modern History in the Middle East (Hoover Institution Press, 2011).
Gary D. Libecap is the Sherm and Marge Telleen Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution as well as the Bren Professor of Corporate Environmental Policy, Donald R. Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and an economics professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara. An expert on natural resource and environmental economics, he specializes in property rights and markets. His current research examines the legal and regulatory transaction costs of water marketing in the western United States. He was the cochair of Hoover's Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity Task Force.
Tod Lindberg is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. His areas of research interest are political theory, international relations, national security policy, and American politics. Lindberg is a contributing editor to the Weekly Standard and an adjunct associate professor at Georgetown University, where he teaches in the School of Foreign Service. From 1999 until it ceased publication in 2013, he was editor of the bimonthly journal Policy Review. He is author of The Political Teachings of Jesus (HarperCollins, 2007), a philosophical analysis of Jesus's Gospel statements about worldly affairs. He is editor of Beyond Paradise and Power: Europe, America, and the Future of a Troubled Partnership (Routledge, 2004). He is coauthor of Means to an End: U.S. Interest in the International Criminal Court (Brookings Press, 2009) and coeditor of Bridging the Foreign Policy Divide (Routledge, 2007). Lindberg is a member of the Hoover Institution's Task Force on the Virtues of a Free Society and coeditor of the book series Hoover Studies in Politics, Economics, and Society.
Tom Loveless is a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. He is also a senior fellow at the Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institution. He researches education policy and reform and is author of The Tracking Wars: State Reform Meets School Policy (1999) and editor of several books, most recently Lessons Learned: What International Assessments Tell Us about Math Achievement (2007). Loveless's teaching experience includes nine years as a sixth-grade teacher in California and seven years as assistant and associate professor of public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Loveless received a Ph.D. in education from the University of Chicago in 1992.
Jonathan Macey, a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution, is the Sam Harris Professor of Corporate Law, Corporate Finance and Securities Law at Yale University and also a professor in the Yale School of Management. He was also a member of the Hoover Institution’s Property Rights Task Force. Macey is the author of several books, including the two-volume treatise Macey on Corporation Laws and coauthor of two leading casebooks, Corporations: Including Partnerships and Limited Liability Companies and The Law of Banking and Financial Institutions. In 1995, Macey was awarded the Paul M. Bator Prize for Excellence in Teaching, Scholarship and Public Service by the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy. Macey received a PhD honoris causa from the Stockholm School of Economics. He is a member of the Economic Advisory Board to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.
Habib C. Malik was born in Washington, D.C., the son of Lebanese philosopher and diplomat Charles Malik. He is currently an associate professor of history and cultural studies at the Lebanese American University (Byblos campus). He is the author of Between Damascus and Jerusalem: Lebanon and Middle East Peace; Receiving Soren Kierkegaard: The Early Impact and Transmission of His Thought and editor of The Challenge of Human Rights: Charles Malik and the Universal Declaration, along with many articles, essays, and book chapters in both Arabic and English on pluralism, Arab Christians, human rights, Political Islam, and the Arab reception of Kierkegaard.
Harvey C. Mansfield is the Carol G. Simon Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Government at Harvard University, where he studies and teaches political philosophy. He has written on Edmund Burke and the nature of political parties, on Machiavelli and the invention of indirect government, in defense of a defensible liberalism, and in favor of a constitutional American political science. Mansfield is a recipient of the 2011 Bradley Prize. He was chairman of the government department from 1973 to 1977, has held Guggenheim and National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships, and was on the Advisory Council of the National Endowment for the Humanities. He has rarely left Harvard since his arrival in 1949, receiving an AB in 1953 and a PhD in 1961; he has been on the faculty since 1962.
Shavit Matias is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution specializing in globalization, national security, international disputes, and international law. Between 2004 and 2013 she was deputy attorney general of Israel in charge of international issues. In that capacity she was closely involved in advising the government on policy and law on international and national security matters and represented Israel in international forums and international negotiations and disputes. She was a member of Israeli National Security Council teams on a wide range of matters relating to national security challenges, international law, Middle East policy, terrorism, international conflicts, and other international issues and headed various interministerial committees examining and advising on questions of law, policy, and national security.
Since 1992 Matias has been an adjunct professor teaching courses on international law, globalization, international dispute settlement mechanisms, the Middle East conflict, and international negotiations at academic institutions including Georgetown University Law Center, the Hebrew University, Tel-Aviv University, and Stanford University. She is a recipient of the 2008 Award from Georgetown University Law Center for outstanding achievements in the profession.
She received her LLB from Tel-Aviv University, her LLM from Georgetown University, and her doctorate in international law from George Washington University.
Abbas Milani is a research fellow and codirector of the Iran Democracy Project at the Hoover Institution. In addition, Milani is the Hamid and Christina Moghadam Director of Iranian Studies at Stanford University. His expertise is US/Iran relations and Iranian cultural, political, and security issues.
Before coming to Hoover, Milani was a professor of history and political science and chair of the department at Notre Dame de Namur University and a research fellow at the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley, in addition to being an assistant professor in the faculty of law and political science at Tehran University and a member of the board of directors of Tehran University's Center for International Studies from 1979 to 1987. Milani was a research fellow at the Iranian Center for Social Research from 1977 to 1978 and an assistant professor at the National University of Iran from 1975 to 1977.
Terry M. Moe is the William Bennett Munro Professor of Political Science at Stanford University and a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. He has written extensively on the politics and reform of American education. His newest book, Special Interest: Teachers Unions and America’s Public Schools (2011), provides the first comprehensive study of the teachers unions and their impacts on the nation’s schools. His past work on education includes Politics, Markets, and America's Schools (1990) and Liberating Learning: Technology, Politics, and the Future of American Education (2009), both with John Chubb, and Schools, Vouchers, and the American Public (2001). As a political scientist, Moe’s research interests extend well beyond public education. He has written extensively on political institutions, public bureaucracy, and the presidency, and has been an influential contributor to those fields.
Russell Muirhead is the Robert Clements Associate Professor of Democracy and Politics at Dartmouth College. The author of Just Work (Harvard University Press, 2004), he is currently at work on a book on partisanship titled A Defense of Party Spirit. Previously, Muirhead taught political theory at the University of Texas at Austin, Harvard University, and Williams College. He was a Radcliffe Institute Fellow (2005–6) and a winner of the Roselyn Abramson Teacher Award at Harvard College. He holds a PhD and AB from Harvard University and a BA from Balliol College at Oxford University.
Kevin Murphy is a professor of economics at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. He received a BA in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles and a PhD in economics from the University of Chicago, writing his thesis on specialization and human capital. Murphy is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships, including the John Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, a Sloan Foundation Fellowship, and an Earhart Foundation Fellowship. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society, a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the author of more than fifty published articles.
Jens Nørskov received his PhD in theoretical physics at the University of Aarhus, Denmark. Presently he is professor of Chemical Engineering and of Photon Science at Stanford University and at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. He holds the Leland T. Edwards Professorship in Engineering at Stanford and is director of the SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis. Jens Nørskov’s research aims at developing theoretical methods and concepts to understand surface chemical properties, heterogeneous catalysis, electro-catalysis and the link to enzyme function. Jens Nørskov has received several awards, most recently the Alwin Mittasch Award (2009), The Gerhard Ertl Lecture Award (2009), and the ACS Gabor A. Somorjai Award (2009). He is a member of the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters and the Danish Academy of Engineering.
Clifford Orwin is a professor of political science, classics, and Jewish studies at the University of Toronto. He is a regular contributor to the Globe and Mail, Canada’s national newspaper of record, and to numerous American publications. He is the author of The Humanity of Thucydides (Princeton University Press, 2nd ed., 1997) and coeditor and coauthor of The Legacy of Rousseau (University of Chicago Press, 1997); he has also written dozens of articles on classical, modern, contemporary, and Jewish political thought. He is currently completing a book for the general reader entitled Deeply Compassionate. He received his BA in history from Cornell University and his MA and PhD in political science from Harvard University and has taught as a visitor at Harvard and Chicago as well as in Jerusalem, Paris, and Lisbon.
Mark V. Pauly is the Bendheim Professor in the Department of Health Care Management,a professor of insurance and risk management, and a professor of business and public policy at the Wharton School; professor of economics at the University of Pennsylvania; and a member of the Working Group on Health Care Policy. A former commissioner on the Physician Payment Review Commission, Pauly has served on the advisory committee to the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, and on the Medicare Technical Advisory Panel. He currently serves on the national advisory committees for the National Institute of Health National Center for Research Resources, the National Academy of Sciences' Committee to Study the Veterinary Workforce, and the NAS Committee on the Biomedical Workforce. Pauly is a co-editor -in -chief of the International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics and associate editor of the Journal of Risk and Uncertainty.
Camille Pecastaing is a senior associate professor of Middle East studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. A student of behavioral sciences and historical sociology, his research focuses on the cognitive and emotive foundations of xenophobic political cultures and ethnoreligious violence, using the Muslim world and its European and Asian peripheries as a case study. He has written on political Islam, Islamist terrorism, social change, and globalization. Pecastaing’s latest publication is Jihad in the Arabian Sea.
William Perry is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies. He is the Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor at Stanford University and serves as codirector of the Nuclear Risk Reduction initiative and the Preventive Defense Project. He is an expert in US foreign policy, national security, and arms control. Perry was the nineteenth secretary of defense for the United States, serving from February 1994 to January 1997.
Paul E. Peterson is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education, and editor in chief of Education Next: A Journal of Opinion and Research. He is also the Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Government and director of the Program on Education Policy and Governance at Harvard University. His research interests include educational policy, federalism, and urban policy. Some of his current research efforts include evaluating the effectiveness of school reform plans around the country. Peterson is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and has won numerous awards, including the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award and the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation Prize.
Charles E Phelps is a professor at the University of Rochester (UR), a nationally prominent health economist, author of the textbook Health Economics (fourth edition), fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research, member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences (both since 1991), and a member of the Working Group on Health Care Policy. Before his twenty-five years at the UR, he served for fourteen years as the senior staff economist at the RAND Corporation. His interests include health economics, the economics of nonprofit organizations, decision theory, and the economics of risk and uncertainty. He has recently testified before Congress on matters of intellectual property legal reform and consults in matters of health economics. Phelps has served on numerous governing boards in both for-profit and nonprofit settings and received a PhD in business economics from the University of Chicago in 1973.
Monika Piazzesi is Professor of Economics at Stanford University. She is also a Research Affiliate at the NBER, a research affiliate for CEPR, a coeditor for the Journal of Political Economy, and an Affiliated Professor at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. In 2007–08, she served as a monetary advisor to the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. She researches financial economics, macroeconomics, and applied time series and has developed influential models of the yield curve for bonds. She has received numerous awards for her teaching and research. Prior to joining the Stanford faculty, she taught at the University of Chicago’s Graduate School of Business and at UCLA’s Anderson School of Business. She holds a diploma in economics from the University of Bonn in Germany and PhD in economics from Stanford University.
John F. Powers has been President and CEO of the Stanford Management Company (SMC) since June 2006. SMC is a division of Stanford University with oversight by a Board of Directors appointed by the University Board of Trustees. It was established in 1991 to manage Stanford's financial and real estate assets. From 2002 until 2006, Powers worked at Offit Hall Capital Management LLC as Managing Director and Director of Research. He was also a member of the firm’s Investment and Management Committees. He holds an A.B. from Cornell University and an MBA from the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University.
John Raisian, the Tad and Dianne Taube Director of the Hoover Institution and a senior fellow, is a labor economist whose current interests include the application of economic principles to public policy formation and the appropriate role of government in society. He served as senior economist in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and as special assistant for economic policy and director of research in the U.S. Department of Labor during the first term of the Reagan administration.
Lieutenant Colonel Joel Rayburn is a US Army strategic intelligence officer with twenty years’ experience in national security and political-military affairs, focusing on the greater Middle East. He has served in multiple assignments in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Persian Gulf region. He is currently a research fellow at the National Defense University in Washington, DC.; a member of the Hoover Institution’s Working Group on Islamism and the International Order; and an adjunct military fellow at the New America Foundation.
William K. Reilly is founding partner of Aqua International Partners, a private equity fund invested in water and renewable energy companies, and senior adviser to TPG Capital, an international investment partnership. Reilly has served as administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, president of the World Wildlife Fund, and president of the Conservation Foundation. In addition to serving on several boards, he is chairman of the ClimateWorks Foundation, chairman emeritus of the World Wildlife Fund, cochair of the National Commission on Energy Policy, chairman of the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions at Duke University, and a director of the Packard Foundation and the National Geographic Society. He currently serves on the Hoover Institution’s Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy.
Condoleezza Rice is the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution, the Denning Professor in Global Business and the Economy at the Graduate School of Business, and professor of political science at Stanford University.
From January 2005 to 2009, she served as the 66th secretary of state of the United States. Before serving as America’s chief diplomat, she served as assistant to the president for national security affairs (national security adviser) from January 2001 to 2005.
Her research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Burton Richter is a Nobel laureate (physics, 1976); the Paul Pigott Professor in the Physical Sciences Emeritus, Stanford University; former director, SLAC National Accelerator Center; member, National Academy of Sciences; fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and American Association for the Advancement of Science; and past president, American Physical Society and International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. He is a member of the Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee, chairing its subcommittee on Advanced Fuel Cycles, and is on the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center Advisory Council, Stanford University and a member of the JASON Group and the French Atomic Energy Commission Visiting Group. He chaired the influential 2008 American Physical Society's Energy Efficiency Study. In 2012, Richter received the Enrico Fermi Award, one of the government's most prestigious awards for scientific achievement.
James Robinson is professor of government at Harvard University and a faculty associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. Robinson studied economics at the London School of Economics, the University of Warwick, and Yale University. He previously taught in the department of economics at the University of Melbourne, the University of Southern California, and the University of California, Berkeley. His main research interest is why countries differ, particularly why some are more prosperous than others and why some are more democratic than others.
Admiral Gary Roughead, USN (Ret.), an Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, graduated from the US Naval Academy in 1973. In September 2007, he became the twenty-ninth chief of naval operations after holding six operational commands and is one of only two officers in the navy’s history to have commanded both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. He served as the commandant of the US Naval Academy, during which time he led the strategic planning efforts that underpinned that institution’s first capital campaign. He was also the navy’s chief of legislative affairs, responsible for the Department of the Navy’s interactions with Congress, and the deputy commander of the US Pacific Command during the massive relief effort following the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean.
Henry S. Rowen, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, was a professor of public policy and management at Stanford University's Graduate School of Business and a member of that university's Asia/Pacific Research Center. He is currently codirector of Stanford's Program on Regions of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Diana Schaub is professor of political science at Loyola University Maryland. She is a summa cum laude graduate of Kenyon College and holds an MA and PhD from the University of Chicago. She has been a postdoctoral fellow in the Program on Constitutional Government at Harvard University (1994–95). In 2001, she was the recipient of the Richard M. Weaver Prize for Scholarly Letters; in 2004, she was appointed to the President’s Council on Bioethics. She is the author of Erotic Liberalism: Women and Revolution in Montesquieu's “Persian Letters” (1995), along with a number of book chapters and articles in the fields of political philosophy and American political thought. She is a reviewer and essayist for a variety of publications, including National Affairs, the New Criterion, the Claremont Review of Books, the American Interest, and the New Atlantis.
Martin Schneider is Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He is also a research associate at NBER, a research fellow at CEPR and an Affiliated Professor at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. He has published widely on topics in macroeconomics, monetary policy, and financial markets. From 2005 to 2008, he served as a Senior Economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. He has also taught at the University of Rochester, UCLA, and NYU. He holds a PhD in economics from Stanford University and diploma in economics from the University of Bonn.
Kenneth E. Scott is the Ralph M. Parsons Professor of Law and Business Emeritus and a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution. His research focuses on legislative and policy developments related to the financial crisis, comparative corporate governance, and bank regulation. He has extensive government consulting experience, including for the World Bank, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Resolution Trust Corporation, and Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. He is also a member of the Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee, Financial Economists Roundtable, and the California State Bar’s Financial Institutions Committee. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty in 1968, he was general counsel to the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and worked in private practice in New York with Sullivan & Cromwell. His most recent books are Ending Government Bailouts (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), coedited with George Shultz and John Taylor, and Bankruptcy Not Bailout (Hoover Institution Press, 2012), edited with John Taylor.
Lucy Shapiro is a professor in the Department of Developmental Biology at Stanford University’s School of Medicine, where she holds the Virginia and D. K. Ludwig Chair in Cancer Research; she is also director of the Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine. She is a member of the Board of Advisors of the Pasteur Institute, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. She founded the anti-infectives discovery company Anacor Pharmaceuticals and is a member of its board of directors. Professor Shapiro has received multiple honors, including election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. She was awarded the 2005 Selman A. Waksman Award from the National Academy of Sciences, the Canadian International 2009 Gairdner Award, the 2009 John Scott Award, and the 2010 Abbott Lifetime Achievement Award.
John Shoven is the Buzz and Barbara McCoy Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Charles R. Schwab Professor of Economics, and director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has served as chairman of the economics department from 1986 to 1989, director of the Center for Economic Policy Research from 1989 to 1993, and dean of the School of Humanities and Sciences from 1993 to 1998. He is an expert on tax policy, Social Security, and US savings patterns and was a consultant for the US Treasury Department from 1975 to 1988.
George P. Shultz is the Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He was sworn in on July 16, 1982, as the sixtieth US secretary of state and served until January 20, 1989. In January 1989, he rejoined Stanford University as the Jack Steele Parker Professor of International Economics at the Graduate School of Business and as a distinguished fellow at the Hoover Institution.
Kiron K. Skinner is the W. Glenn Campbell Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. At Carnegie Mellon University, she is founding director of the Center for International Relations and Politics; director of the Institute for Strategic Analysis; university adviser on national security policy; and associate professor of political science. Her areas of expertise are international relations, US foreign policy, and political strategy. Since 2004, she has served on the Chief of Naval Operations’ Executive Panel. In 2010, Skinner was appointed to the advisory board of the George W. Bush Oral History Project. In 2012, Pennsylvania governor Tom Corbett appointed Skinner to his Advisory Commission on African American Affairs. Skinner’s coauthored books Reagan, in His Own Hand and Reagan, a Life in Letters were New York Times best sellers. Her opinion pieces appear in leading newspapers and national online outlets.
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David Slayton is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He serves as co-chair of the Arctic Security Initiative and as a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy.
During his navy career, Slayton completed twelve combat deployments, to include commanding the largest US Navy combat unit in Afghanistan in 2009. His combat decorations include the Bronze Star Medal, three Meritorious Service Medals, and twelve Air Medals, in addition to numerous campaign medals and unit citations.
His research, writing, and contributions focus on national security, energy security, the Arctic, and Asia-Pacific maritime strategy. Slayton earned his bachelor’s degree from the University of California at Los Angeles. He holds two masters’ degrees, one in business and leadership from the University of San Diego, the other in national security and strategic studies from the Naval War College.
Henry E. Smith, Fessenden Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he directs the Project on the Foundations of Private Law, previously, he taught at the Northwestern University School of Law and was the Fred A. Johnston Professor of Property and Environmental Law at Yale Law School, where he also held the position of professor of cognitive science. Smith has written primarily on the law and economics of property and intellectual property, with a focus on how property-related institutions lower information costs and constrain strategic behavior. He teaches primarily in the areas of property, intellectual property, natural resources, remedies, taxation, and law and economics. Smith’s most recent book is The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Property (coauthored with Thomas W. Merrill). He is the coeditor of The Research Handbook on the Economics of Property Law (with Kenneth Ayotte).
Abraham D. Sofaer, who served as legal adviser to the US Department of State from 1985 to 1990, was appointed the first George P. Shultz Distinguished Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1994. Sofaer's work focuses on the power over war within the US government and on issues related to international law, terrorism, diplomacy, and national security. His most recent books are Taking on Iran: Strength, Diplomacy, and the Iranian Threat (Hoover Institution Press, 2013) and The Best Defense?: Legitimacy and Preventive Force (Hoover Institution Press, 2010).
His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
Mr. Stephenson is a long time partner of Sequoia Capital, a prominent Silicon Valley based venture capital firm. Prior to joining Sequoia in 1988 he spent 22 year at Fidelity Investments in Boston where he helped found Fidelity Ventures in 1969 and later ran that very successful operation for many years. More recently Mr. Stephenson served a 19 month stint as the United States Ambassador to Portugal, 14 months at the end of the Bush ‘43 Administration and then for the first 5 months of the Obama Administration. He has been active in the affairs of Harvard University over the years, currently serving as a member of the Board of Overseers and its Executive Committee. He has also been a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution, the Board of Advisors of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, the Board of Directors of Conservation International, and the Board of Overseers of the Wilson Center Council and as a corporate fund vice chairman of the Kennedy Center. He holds an AB from Harvard, an MBA from Harvard Business School, and a JD from Boston College.
Jessica Stern consults with various government agencies on counter-terrorism policy. In 2009, she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for her work on trauma and violence. She has authored Terror in the Name of God, selected by the New York Times as a notable book of the year; The Ultimate Terrorists; and numerous articles on terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. She served on President Clinton’s National Security Council Staff in 1994–95 and is a member of the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations. She was named a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Fellow of the World Economic Forum, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellow. She has a BS from Barnard College in chemistry, an MA from MIT in chemical engineering/technology policy, and a PhD from Harvard University in public policy.
James L. Sweeney, known for his work energy economics and energy policy, is a Hoover Institution senior fellow. Sweeney analyzes economic and policy issues, especially those involving energy systems and/or the environment. He has particular research interests in global climate change, automotive fuel economy regulation, electricity market problems, and market structure issues.
Samuel Tadros is a contributor to the Hoover Institution's Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on Islamism and the International Order. He is also a research fellow at the Hudson Institute's Center for Religious Freedom and a professorial lecturer at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. Before joining Hudson in 2011, Tadros was a senior partner at the Egyptian Union of Liberal Youth, an organization that aims to spread the ideas of classical liberalism in Egypt.
John B. Taylor is the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics at the Hoover Institution and the Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He was previously the director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and was founding director of Stanford's Introductory Economics Center. He has a long and distinguished record of public service. Among other roles, he served as a member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisors from 1989 to 1991 and as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs from 2001 to 2005.
Joshua Teitelbaum is a senior fellow at Tel Aviv University's Dayan Center for Middle Eastern Studies and principal research associate at the Global Research in International Affairs Center, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya. He is currently a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and a visiting scholar at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, both at Stanford University. A noted scholar on Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf, he is author of Holier Than Thou: Saudi Arabia's Islamic Opposition and editor of Political Liberalization in the Persian Gulf (Columbia University Press, 2009).
Joshua Teitelbaum was a W. Glenn Campbell and Rita Ricardo-Campbell National Fellow for 2008–2009 at the Hoover Institution.
David G. Victor is a professor at the University of California, San Diego, in the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies and director of the Laboratory on International Law and Regulation. Previously he ran Stanford’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development and was a professor at Stanford Law School. His current research examines when and how international law works. His books include Natural Gas and Geopolitics (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol (Princeton University Press, 2001, 2004). He received his AB from Harvard and his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in political science.
Matthew Waxman is a professor of law at Columbia Law School and an adjunct senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He previously served as principal deputy director of policy planning (2005–7) and acting director of policy planning (2007) at the US Department of State. He also served as deputy assistant secretary of defense for detainee affairs (2004–5), director for contingency planning and international justice at the National Security Council (2002–3), and special assistant to National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice (2001–2). He is a graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School. He served as law clerk to Supreme Court justice David H. Souter and US Court of Appeals judge Joel M. Flaum. His publications include The Dynamics of Coercion: American Foreign Policy and the Limits of Military Might (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Ruth Wedgwood is the Burling Professor of International Law at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Earlier in her career, as a federal prosecutor in New York, she prosecuted a Soviet-bloc nuclear spy and weapons dealers’ shipping to Iraq and Iran. She also devised the innovative trial procedures first used in the Kampiles espionage case and later incorporated in the Classified Information Procedures Act. She has served on the Defense Policy Board, the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on International Law, and the CIA Historical Review Panel. She currently serves as the U.S. member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee in Geneva, reviewing the human rights record of countries such as Russia, Belarus, Libya, and Algeria. She was educated at Harvard, the London School of Economics, and Yale Law School and clerked on the U.S. Supreme Court.
Grover J. (“Russ”) Whitehurst is a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. He is also the Brown Chair, senior fellow, and director of the Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institution, where he is responsible for shaping public and political opinion on education policy based on findings from research. As the first director of the Institute of Education Sciences within the U.S. Department of Education, he is widely acknowledged to have had a transforming effect on the quality of education research. In his earlier career as a professor of developmental psychology, he carried out seminal research on early literacy, language development, and preschool education. A program he developed to enhance language development in children from low-income families, Dialogic Reading, is used in preschools around the world. He is a pioneer in delivering college-level instruction through the Internet, in recognition of which he received the Microsoft Innovators in Higher Education Award.
Benjamin Wittes is a senior fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution and codirector of the Harvard Law School–Brookings Project on Law and Security. His most recent publication is Speaking the Law (Hoover Institution Press 2013), cowritten with Kenneth Anderson. He is the cofounder of the Lawfare blog.
R. James Woolsey was the Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, 2008-09; a venture partner at VantagePoint Venture Partners; a senior executive adviser to Booz Allen Hamilton; counsel to the law firm of Goodwin Procter; and chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group of Paladin Capital Group.
Amy Zegart, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, professor (by courtesy) at Stanford’s Graduate School of Business, and co-director of Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation, was previously a professor of public policy at UCLA’s Luskin School of Public Affairs. Zegart’s research examines organizational development, adaptation, and innovation in national security policy. Her most recent book is Eyes on Spies: Congress and the United States Intelligence Community; she also authored the award-winning books Flawed by Design and Spying Blind. She publishes in leading political science journals, including International Security and Political Science Quarterly. Zegart served on the NSC and on the National Academies of Science Panel to Improve Intelligence Analysis and as a foreign policy adviser to the Bush-Cheney 2000 presidential campaign. She worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company advising firms on strategy and organizational effectiveness.