Annual Report 2014

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Ideas Defining a Free Society Hoover Institution Annual Report 2014
Stanford University
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Hoover Institution Ideas Defining a Free Society
“This Institution supports the Constitution of the United States, its Bill of Rights and its method of representative government. Both our social and economic systems are based on private enterprise from which springs initiative and ingenuity....

Ours is a system where the Federal Government should undertake no governmental, social or economic action, except where local government, or the people, cannot undertake it for themselves....The overall mission of this Institution is, from its records, to recall the voice of experience against the making of war, and by the study of these records and their publication, to recall man's endeavors to make and preserve peace, and to sustain for America the safeguards of the American way of life. This Institution is not, and must not be, a mere library. But with these purposes as its goal, the Institution itself must constantly and dynamically point the road to peace, to personal freedom, and to the safeguards of the American system.”

Excerpt from Herbert Hoover's 1959 statement to the board of trustees of Stanford University on the Hoover Institution's purpose and scope

Letter From The Director
and Chairman

John Raisian
John Raisian
Tad and Dianne Taube Director
Thomas J. Tierney
Thomas J. Tierney
Chairman, Board of Overseers

With the current policy landscape full of challenges, the Hoover Institution can be relied on to offer thoughtful discourse and practical solutions to help our nation advance. From its founding as a library and archives ninety-five years ago, Hoover has evolved in line with its founder's vision of a dynamic institution offering “effective guidance for the future of our people and of mankind everywhere.” Led by the principles of individual liberty, private enterprise, and limited representative government, Hoover scholarship advances ideas defining a free society, arming citizens and policy leaders with the knowledge to safeguard their freedoms and build a stronger nation.

With its eyes to the future, the Institution has launched strategic initiatives on many fronts in recent years. All have served to strengthen the three pillars supporting Hoover's mission: research (the fellowship and their work), knowledge (the Library & Archives), and communications. Four major initiatives are well under way:

  1. Recruiting new fellows to the Institution, with an eye toward youth as well as leadership potential
  2. Launching new institutional research initiatives that complement our fellows' individual research agendas and address critical policy issues
  3. Recruiting the next generation of senior directors, who will bolster the administrative leadership for years to come
  4. Enhancing the facilities of a growing Institution with a new building on Stanford's campus and expanded offices in Washington, DC

Research has flourished as Hoover has embraced an innovative methodology that combines Hoover fellows and scholars from Stanford and elsewhere to work collaboratively on long-term policy initiatives. By convening the world's foremost authorities, we are able to synthesize ideas, offer new perspectives, and convey the findings to a broad constituency.

In recent years, associate directors have been appointed to take Hoover's Library & Archives, Office of Development, and Communications programs to new heights, while the strength of Hoover scholarship is benefiting from outstanding additions to our fellowship.

The Hoover Institution in Washington took a significant step forward this past year by opening a new, expanded office space, strategically located to enhance the convening power of Hoover scholars. Plans for a new building on the Stanford campus are also progressing. An architect has been selected, and groundbreaking is set for the summer of 2015, with building completion projected for the summer of 2017.

With these undertakings well in hand, Hoover is poised for a transition to new leadership after twenty-five years of John Raisian's singular guidance. The current search and selection process should bring the new director on board to coincide with John's anticipated departure on September 1, 2015. Looking forward, new strategic priorities are building momentum to launch the Institution into its next phase of sustained growth and impact.

In support of its mission to “dynamically point the road to peace, to personal freedom, and to the safeguards of the American system,” Hoover is placing renewed focus on public policy education to equip citizens and political leaders with pertinent facts, historical knowledge, and analytic insights relating to the ongoing national dialogue. Scholarly tradition, the endowment of knowledge within its Library & Archives, and its affiliation with Stanford University uniquely position Hoover to be an elite educator of public policy.

With its outstanding intellectual capital, unparalleled institutional characteristics, and unwavering mission seeking peace and prosperity, Hoover is poised to continue its distinguished role, informing the national conversation and striving for positive solutions to societal challenges. We look forward to generating and sharing many more ideas defining a free society over the coming years.

John Raisian
Thomas J. Tierney
Image credit: Linda A. Cicero / Stanford News Service
scholarship and research

Scholarship & Research

The strength of Hoover's research program lies in the exceptional ability of its scholars within one of the world's leading research and teaching institutions, Stanford University. Among Hoover's ranks are winners of the Nobel Prize, the National Medal of Science, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the National Humanities Medal, and the Bradley Prize. Experienced in the academy as well as in policy and government, Hoover scholars bring firsthand experience and an intellectual perspective to the national policy debate. Their research—anchored by empirical evidence and thorough analysis—informs and advances strategic policies to promote free markets, limit government intrusion, and safeguard individual freedom.

Experienced in the academy as well as in policy and government, Hoover scholars bring firsthand experience and an intellectual perspective to the national policy debate.

Hoover distinguishes itself by providing perspectives from both scholarship and historical knowledge. This broadened, intellectual viewpoint of the foremost authorities in economics, history, national security, international relations, law, education, and energy contributes substantively to the quality of discourse in evaluating the pressing issues of our time.

Hoover fellows have robust individual research agendas. Some are esteemed generalists, capable of addressing broad policy applications; others are respected experts in specific areas of public policy. Collectively, independent research by Hoover scholars spans a broad range of policy areas. Since the mid-1990s, Hoover's institutional objective has been to cumulate the expertise of its fellows to establish a balanced portfolio of program initiatives, each focused on a specific policy area; communicate broadly about the scholarship conducted through those initiatives;

and engage the policy-making community. Through rigorous research and analysis, Hoover fellows provide the intellectual foundation for much of the contemporary policy debate, developing and supporting some policies and questioning and challenging others.

Research Objectives

In their research, Hoover fellows strive to address the bigger picture, offering practical ideas that have broad, sweeping application. Research objectives include:

  • Assembling and studying essential sources of knowledge about economic, political, and social change
  • Analyzing the effects of government policies
  • Generating practical policy ideas
  • Engaging and educating political leaders and the broader public

Research Initiatives

Hoover's team approach to its research initiatives enables scholars to work collaboratively and also pursue individual research agendas. Typically long term, research initiatives engage not only Hoover fellows but also experts from Stanford and other universities, research organizations, and businesses. The synergy created by convening leading thinkers and practitioners on particular policy issues results in thoroughly vetted ideas that are both exceptional and practical.

Hoover fellows and adjunct scholars strive to produce original material and ongoing analysis—both important parts of any meaningful policy dialogue. To increase the reach of its scholars' research and ideas, Hoover engages the media, publishes content through its own channels, and exploits the latest communication vehicles. Following are highlights from current research initiatives.

Economic Policy

Since its inception in 2008, the Working Group on Economic Policy has conducted research on current financial conditions and prevailing economic issues, including domestic and global monetary, fiscal, and regulatory policies. In promoting market and government solutions that will increase national and global prosperity, this group has engaged such guests as former US Treasury secretaries; members of the Federal Reserve Board; representatives of foreign central banks; and international government leaders, including the finance ministers of Greece, Poland, Mexico, and Brazil.

The group has conducted more than ninety policy seminars and workshops and has produced more than seventy working papers. Many have led to specific policy recommendations as well as the creation of the group's Resolution Project, which focuses on alternative ways to address failing financial institutions. Members also contribute to the ongoing economic debate via congressional testimony, domestic and international conferences and events, publications, and radio and television interviews, offering policy makers, opinion leaders, and the public access to the latest Hoover perspectives.

John Taylor
John B. Taylor testifies before the Joint Economic Committee of Congress at the hearing, “Unwinding Quantitative Easing: How the Fed Should Promote Stable Prices, Economic Growth and Job Creation,” March 26, 2014. Image credit: Jay Mallin

For additional resources, including publications, testimonies, videos, and podcasts by this group, click here.

policy conference 2014
LEFT Jeff Lacker, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond; John B.Taylor, George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics; Charles Plosser, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia; Esther George, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City; and John Williams, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Image credit: Steve Gladfelter
RIGHT CNBC interviews John B.Taylor. Image credit: John Le Schofs

Conference on Frameworks for Central Banking

On the centennial of the central bank in May 2014, four Federal Reserve Bank presidents, distinguished economists, and many members of the media attended the conference on “Frameworks for Central Banking in the Next Century.” Organized by Senior Fellow John B. Taylor, the conference focused on a more rules-based policy for the Federal Reserve System and provided useful input for testimony and proposed legislation, which passed the House in July. “The Federal Reserve Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014” would require the Fed to report a policy rule or strategy for setting the instruments of monetary policy. Taylor himself is well known for the Taylor Rule, a prescription for Fed action on interest rates as inflation and unemployment rise, which serves as the reference rule in the legislation.

Nine panel discussions examined how central bankers' decisions could best be based on clearly understood rules, not solely on discretion. Draft research papers by scholars across the country included such topics as "Deviations from Rules-Based Policy and Their Effects" and "Monetary Policy in the Midst of Big Shocks." Seventeen members of the national print and broadcast media attended, including journalists from the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Washington Post, Financial Times and Investor's Business Daily. During the conference, CNBC Television and Bloomberg Radio broadcast live from the Hoover Institution.

Papers and further analyses of the event are available here ; a book is forthcoming.

Remembering Gary Becker
President George W. Bush awards the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Gary S. Becker on November 5, 2007. “His pioneering analysis of the interaction between economics and such diverse topics as education, demography, and family organization has earned him worldwide respect and a Nobel Prize,” said the president. Image credit: Eric Draper

Remembering Gary Becker

Gary S. Becker, an esteemed economist, Nobel laureate, and the Rose-Marie and Jack R. Anderson Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, passed away on May 3, 2014. Best known for his work in human capital and family economics, Becker studied behavior and social circumstances previously regarded as unrelated to economics, such as family choices, home life, and discrimination. He had been affiliated with the Hoover Institution since 1973 and a senior fellow since 1990. He and his teacher-turned-colleague Milton Friedman both received the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In the words of Edward P. Lazear, the Morris Arnold and Nona Jean Cox Senior Fellow and Becker's longtime colleague, "Gary Becker was a giant who used his genius to make sense of issues that had formerly resisted analysis . . . . There is no doubt that his ideas will influence scholarly research for generations."

National Security and Law

The Jean Perkins Task Force on National Security and Law, launched in 2007, examines the rule of law and its importance in Western civilization, the laws of war, US criminal law, and international law and organizations. By studying an array of legal, social, economic, ethical, and political factors, the group aims to strike an optimal balance between individual freedom and the vigorous defense of the nation against terrorists at home and abroad.

Members of this task force have been engaged in specialized roles, including serving on committees and boards and as legal consultants on ongoing national security issues such as drone warfare and targeted killing, military detention and interrogation, cybersecurity, counterterrorism, human rights, and ethics in public policy.

Informing the ongoing national security debate inside the Beltway, task force members have also provided congressional testimony and served as informal advisers to senior executive branch officials and members of the House and Senate.

Blogs and Online Symposia

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

George Shultz
George P. Shultz speaks at the 2013 Stanford-MIT Energy Game Changers Workshop in Washington, DC. Image credit: Jay Mallin

Energy Policy

Launched in 2007, the Hoover Institution's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy gathers comprehensive information on current scientific and technological developments in energy production, distribution, and use. Findings inform and guide policy prescriptions to address the economic, environmental, and national security threats of foreign oil dependence, taking into account cost, competitiveness, and marketplace efficiency.

Chaired by former secretary of state and Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished Fellow George P. Shultz, this task force comprises a diverse group of scholars, including three Nobel laureates: one each in chemistry, economics, and physics. The group has initiated several partnerships, including:

  • A joint project with the Brookings Institution on distributed energy and national security titled “Assessing the Role of Distributed Power Systems in the US Power Sector”
  • A partnership with the Stanford-MIT Energy Game Changers initiative and the subsequent publication of the book Game Changers: Energy on the Move, which addresses energy technology that is available today, near at hand, or on the horizon at US universities. In addition to Stanford and MIT, the task force is collaborating with seven other major research universities to present precommercial energy research and development. This work, along with the book, is featured in a companion Energy Game Changers website (
  • What Works? The Shultz-Bingaman State Electricity Policy Cookbook is a report resulting from the task force's collaboration with former US senator Jeff Bingaman and the Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance at the Stanford Law School to develop a set of bipartisan recommendations on US state-level energy policies

For additional resources, including publications, testimonies, videos, and podcasts by this group, click here.

Islamism and the International Order

Launched in 2009, the Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on Islamism and the International Order seeks to lessen and potentially reverse Islamic radicalism through reforming and strengthening the legitimate role of the state across the Muslim world. Efforts draw on the intellectual resources of scholars and practitioners, from within the United States and abroad,

to foster the pursuit of modernity, human flourishing, and the rule of law and reason in Islamic lands—developments critical to the order of the international system.

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

Remembering Fouad Ajami

Fouad Ajami.jpg

Fouad Ajami, a renowned scholar of the Middle East and the Herbert and Jane Dwight Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, passed away on June 22, 2014. He is the author of The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice since 1967; The Vanished Imam: Musa al Sadr and the Shia of Lebanon; Beirut: City of Regrets; The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey; The Foreigner's Gift: The Americans, the Arabs, and the Iraqis in Iraq; and The Syrian Rebellion. His writings also include some four hundred essays on Arab and Islamic politics, US foreign policy, and contemporary international history. Ajami's last collection of essays, In This Arab Time: The Pursuit of Deliverance, was published in November 2014. He received numerous awards, including a MacArthur Fellowship in 1982 and both the National Humanities Medal and the Bradley Prize in 2006. Hoover Institution director John Raisian said of Ajami, “Fouad was truly one of the most brilliant Middle East scholars of our time. His Hoover Institution family will forever miss his superb scholarship, quick wit, and gentle spirit.”

K–12 Education

Launched in 1999, the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education has led the way in taking a collaborative approach to research, establishing the operational framework for subsequent scholarly teams at Hoover. The group focuses its policy research on educational improvement, examining measures to reform public schools and expand privatization. More than forty books, hundreds of scholarly papers and op-eds, and the journal Education Next have resulted from the task force's work. In addition, the group and its members successfully influenced policy makers when evaluating statewide K–12 education platforms for Texas, Florida, Arkansas, and Arizona. In 2012, the task force report Choice and Federalism was widely adopted in Mitt Romney's education platform during his campaign for the presidency.

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

Military History in Contemporary Conflict

The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict examines how knowledge of past military operations can influence public policy decisions concerning current conflicts. The careful study of military history offers a deeper and more dispassionate understanding of contemporary conflicts and explains how particular military successes and failures of the past can be germane, sometimes misunderstood, or occasionally irrelevant in the context of the present.

Launched in 2013, the working group brings thought leaders (including distinguished scholars, military historians, analysts, and journalists) together with military practitioners through symposia, workshops, and regular meetings. This collaboration facilitates a pragmatic dialogue conducive to positive policy recommendations.

Posters from the Hoover Institution Archives
Posters from the Hoover Institution Archives

Strategika: Conflicts of the Past as Lessons for the Present

The Military History Working Group's primary platform for analysis and commentary is the online journal Strategika: Conflicts of the Past as Lessons for the Present. Each month, Strategika examines a topic of immediate concern to the national security of the United States, serving as a treatise on strategy both for those who seek a better understanding of contemporary conflicts and for those who formulate national security policy related to these conflicts. Developed with academic audiences in mind, the journal's monthly commentary is supplemented with audio podcasts and resources for educators such as discussion questions and additional suggested readings.

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Prosperity (IP2)

The goal of the Working Group on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Prosperity (IP2) is to develop an interdisciplinary, scholarly research program that evaluates the connections between intellectual property protection and innovation. Launched in the fall of 2013, the initial focus of Hoover IP2 is to ask whether the US patent system encourages or deters the commercialization of technological innovations and whether it frustrates or facilitates inventive activities and the entrepreneurial process. The answers may well determine whether the United States is a technological leader or follower in the twenty-first century.

Another goal is to produce solid academic research and scholarly literature that will provide policy makers at all levels with the information they need to guide their decisions about whether to favor a general scaling back of patents or whether tinkering with the current patent system, under the guise of improving it, will slow the pace of innovation by making it difficult for smaller firms to compete with incumbent giants. Does the patent system,

as currently constructed, retard innovation or push innovation forward? Or is it neutral with respect to innovation? The boldness of the claims made in much of the extant literature is matched only by the paucity of appropriate evidence to sustain them.

IP2 is organized with the following three interdependent goals:

  1. Create the theoretically informed and empirically sound scholarly literature—based on reason and evidence—that is a necessary cornerstone of far-sighted public policy
  2. Develop a critical mass of scholars from a variety of academic disciplines to create this literature, debate the findings, and encourage new academic entrants into the field
  3. Disseminate the findings of that literature to a large audience

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

IP2 Working Group
IP2 Working Group
Members of the IP 2 Working Group participate in its “Patents and the Innovation Economy” symposium at the Hoover Institution in Washington. Image credit: Jay Mallin

Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy

The Working Group on Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy explores options for a new US grand strategy and a set of organizing principles that can help the country shape a radically changing world. The goal of the group is to map the current policy terrain to gain a better understanding of foreign policy challenges and the means to confront them.

Since launching in 2013, the working group has produced the following essay series:

For additional resources, including publications and podcasts from this group, click here.

Immigration Reform

Launched in 2013, Hoover's Conte Initiative on Immigration Reform informs the debate as it unfolds across public and legislative spaces. By providing unbiased facts and analysis to decision makers and other interested parties, and by stripping away obfuscation, this initiative seeks to assist in creating an appropriate immigration system for the United States. This group includes renowned thinkers and reformers with varying perspectives, though all are united by a common theme: our current system is broken and comprehensive reform remains politically impractical; thus an incremental approach is the best way to lead to actual change.


The initiative's online journal Peregrine (launched in 2014) addresses various aspects of US immigration policy with background facts, opinion essays, and surveys of group members. The intention for this publication is to identify areas of agreement that exist on incremental policy changes and educate policy makers and the public about the issues.

The initiative's inaugural web channel, Immigration Reform: Informing the Discussion, featured a symposium of directed commentary and news updates on the debate.

For additional resources, including articles, videos, and podcasts from this group, click here.

Arctic Security
A technology working group of experts convened by the Arctic Security Initiative discusses the continuing challenges of operating in the Arctic.

Arctic Security

Due to recent economic and political developments, the changing Arctic is considered one of the most significant physical global events since the end of the last Ice Age. Hoover's Arctic Security Initiative addresses the strategic and security implications of increased activity within the Arctic Circle. The initiative makes recommendations to enhance security and resource development, facilitate the infrastructure to support increased Arctic activity, and describe the regulatory and governance environment to enable a prosperous Arctic.

Launched in 2013, the initiative has convened groups to set the landscape for organized research and analysis on matters relating

to security, maritime law, and ownership of the Arctic Circle and its waterways. Members of the initiative have met with the Department of Defense, the US Coast Guard, and the US Navy Arctic leadership at the Pentagon, among others. Hoover seeks to be a premier aggregator of information on this topic and to foster informed discussion by other organizations. Members are currently writing and publishing essays that will later be compiled into a book.

For additional resources, including publications, videos, and testimony from this group, click here.


Hoover Institution in Washington

With its new offices on New York Avenue, one block from the Treasury Building and two blocks from the White House, the Hoover Institution in Washington serves to bring the public policy work of Hoover fellows into more direct contact with policy makers, thinkers, and members of the media in our nation's capital. The purpose of Hoover's engagement in Washington, DC, is to advance the academic work of our fellows and to facilitate their engagement in policy conversations.

While Hoover fellows have long considered it advantageous to think about policy from well outside the Beltway on the Stanford campus, there are benefits to communicating about policy directly to the many audiences available in Washington. In the first few months since the opening of the new office, Hoover fellows have presented their research and new books to policy experts and representatives of the media in the large conference space of the Johnson Center (named for the Charles and Ann Johnson Foundation, which provided initial funding). John B. Taylor, the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics, served on a panel exploring policies to raise economic growth with Stanford president John Hennessy and Congressman Paul Ryan, moderated by Al Hunt of Bloomberg News. Several academic working groups have also gathered at the new offices, incorporating Washington experts into their conversations. Hoover fellows traveling to Washington to testify before Congress or for other purposes find the new center a convenient home away from home, with fully equipped offices available for their use.

“We view the Hoover Institution in Washington as an outpost of the larger Institution, equipped for research as well as outreach,” said David Davenport, Hoover research fellow and newly appointed director of Washington, DC, programs. “With Washington seemingly stuck in the spin of twenty-four-hour news cycles, we hope the long-range policy work of Hoover fellows will be heard and heeded.”
library and archives

Library & Archives

Founded in 1919, the Hoover Institution grew out of Herbert Hoover's firsthand experience administering relief operations during World War I. The future US president donated $50,000 to his alma mater, Stanford University, to create a repository for the “documentary history bearing on the war." Hoover then recruited scholars to develop a robust collecting program to document the causes and consequences of political conflict with the ultimate goal of promoting peace. Today, the Library & Archives that bear Hoover's name boast nearly one million volumes and more than six thousand archival collections—in sixty-nine languages from more than one hundred fifty countries—pertaining to war, revolution, and peace in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The Institution's resources support a vibrant international community of scholars and a broad public interested in the meaning and role of history.

In 2013, the Library & Archives launched a new strategy to increase access and expand their collections. With the goal of consolidating their status as the leading private special collections research center on social, political, and economic change in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the Library & Archives are focusing their efforts on growing the collections strategically, increasing scholarly output, using technology innovatively, and conducting global collaborative projects.

“Hoover has become one of our nation's great centers of scholarly endeavor—both because of the scholars on its staff and because of its unparalleled documentary collections.” George P. Shultz Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished Fellow
herbert hoover
Herbert Hoover at his house on the Stanford University campus composing his presidential nomination speech. 1928. Image credit: The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum

Patronage & Publication

The Hoover Institution is one of the great hubs of scholarship at Stanford University. Each year, thousands of researchers and scholars from around the world come to explore its print, graphic, and manuscript collections. Last year, 2,800 researchers registered to use the Library & Archives' collections, ordering the equivalent of nearly two miles of materials.

Since the Institution's founding, researchers have published thousands of books using the collections. The growth of scholarly

output based on the Library & Archives' collections has been impressive. In the first two decades, an average of one hundred researchers a year registered to use the collections. Today, researchers using Hoover's Library & Archives annually publish hundreds of articles and books, produce documentary films, curate exhibits, and teach courses exploring and analyzing the human experience. A sampling of publications drawing on Hoover's collections from the past year are listed here.


Last year was the busiest since the Institution's founding, with more than fourteen thousand visitors coming through the doors to use the Library & Archives, participate in their programs, or view their exhibitions. Hoover's Library & Archives serve Stanford students, scholars, the Institution, and the public through workshops and lecture series, classes, tours, and public exhibitions.

To learn more about programs offered by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives, click here.

Classes and Tours

Last year, the Library & Archives reference staff provided specialized instruction for more than seventy groups, including students from Stanford undergraduate and graduate courses and local community colleges. Staff members also support a robust program of tours catering to everyone from local high school students to Hoover media fellows to distinguished guests, such as the king of Belgium.

Public Lecture Series

A regular public lecture series is a new endeavor for Hoover's Library & Archives. In this year's inaugural programming, Swedish author and historian Bengt Jangfeldt spoke on the heroic actions of the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Hungary during World War II; Hoover research fellow Paul R. Gregory discussed his latest book, Women of the Gulag; and author Monique Brinson Demery spoke about her new book, Finding the Dragon Lady: The Mystery of Vietnam's Madame Nhu, featuring Hoover's collections.

Scholarly Workshops

Annual workshops bring experts from Hoover and Stanford together with prominent scholars from around the world. Participants conduct research using Hoover's unique archival holdings and are given opportunities to present their work and exchange ideas with other scholars.

“The fact that Hoover had collections of such a variety of economists and economic policy-related institutions enabled me to capture the global nature of these debates and sketch a much richer and detailed picture of a history I had only been able to outline before.” Participant, Workshop on Political Economy
Botanical drawings, circa 1820–1860, Elena Pavlovna Fadeeva Drawings, Hoover Institution Archives
reading room

New Archives Reading Room

The newly renovated Archives reading room, which opened in March 2014, can now welcome fifty-five researchers at a time. The renovation was essential to keep pace with the growing numbers of researchers using Hoover's collections.

Collection Strategy

By the time the US National Archives was established in 1934, the Hoover Institution had already amassed a substantial collection of materials documenting political change in the modern era. Through the years, formal curatorships were established to enable the Institution to gather materials from key regions. Today, Hoover continues to build on the strength of its collections while expanding into new areas, increasing the breadth and depth of material for scholars. Following are some of the Library & Archives' most important collecting objectives:

  • Significantly increasing the collection of born-digital material
  • Building on areas of thematic relevance to the Institution's mission, including economics, political philosophy, military history, and jurisprudence
  • Reinforcing our position as the premier institution for archives in geographic areas such as Russia, Eastern Europe, and China
  • Expanding and strengthening traditional areas such as Latin America, the Middle East and north Africa

Explore recent acquisitions of the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

field notes
1 George P. Shultz in his office at the Hoover Institution. Hoover Institution Records 2 Barricades still stand before the burnt-out shell of the House of Trade Unions on the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) in Kiev, May 2014. Image credit: Anatol Shmelev 3 A June 1914 inscription about friendship illustrated with a watercolor of flowers from Lidia Vinogradova's memory book. Lidia Vinogradova Papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Notes from the Field

Danielle Scott Taylor, North American Collection Curator and Collections Manager

In collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business librarian Paul Reist and Stanford visiting scholar Mie Augier, I conducted an oral history interview with George P. Shultz this year. We focused primarily on Shultz's academic life at the University of Chicago, Stanford University, and the Hoover Institution but also captured unique anecdotes from his distinguished public service

career. Shultz touched on a variety of topics during the two-hour conversation, including race relations in the 1960s and balancing family life with the demands of public service.

The interview transcript will be added to the Hoover Archives, where researchers will also find Shultz's personal papers and an oral history interview in which he discusses US/Soviet relations during the Reagan administration.

Anatol Shmelev, Russian and Eurasian Collection Curator and Research Fellow

I try to schedule my trips abroad to coincide with some significant political event, such as national elections, because it makes it possible to acquire election materials for the Archives. Political programs, posters, leaflets, and other items describing candidates' platforms are usually best collected in the week or two leading up to an election; the day after the election they are pulped and lost to history. Regretfully, revolutions by their nature are unpredictable and therefore hard to plan for in advance.

I arrived in Kiev on May 20, 2014, with presidential elections in Ukraine scheduled for May 25; it was a perfect opportunity to

collect materials as I moved around the city from meeting to meeting and a good chance to see the center of the city, where most of the action had taken place between November 2013 and March 2014. Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) is located in the center of Kiev, just off Khreshchatyk Boulevard, the main thoroughfare of Kiev. It and the surrounding streets still looked like a war zone, with barricades, piles of tires and bricks, and armed men in bulletproof vests wandering around, although several months had gone by since the violence that culminated in the overthrow and escape of President Yanukovych.

Maciej Siekierski, European Collection Senior Curator and Research Fellow

Archival collections, which come in all sizes, contain a broad range of materials valuable to researchers. A collecting trip to eastern Europe resulted in materials documenting recent political developments in the region, as well as an older item of potential interest to social and cultural historians: a small personal collection of Lidia Alekseevna Vinogradova (1896–1983) consisting of a memory book for the years 1913-27, notes, photographs, and a short history of the Russian family by Lidia's niece, Tat'iana Vlasova.

Lidia Vinogradova spent her entire life in Riga; her album reflects the rich ethnic and cultural diversity of that city around the time of World War I, with its pages full of inscriptions, pencil and colored drawings, and poems by known and unknown authors.

Learn more about what's going on behind the scenes at the Library & Archives.


For more than ninety years, materials have arrived at the Library & Archives in every medium of the time—from acidic twentieth-century paper to reel-to-reel tapes and now laptops and flash drives. Hoover's dedicated preservation team works in state-of-the-art preservation labs to protect the collection indefinitely, ensuring that future generations of researchers can make use of these rare and important materials.

Manuscript Collections

The book and paper conservation lab conducts work to exacting specifications. This is evident not only in the ongoing work on housings, encapsulations, and repairs of thousands of rare books and unique archival materials but also in custom-made creations such as:

  • A custom box to house a giant BEAT CAL silk banner that hung on the Great Wall of China in 1983
  • Custom enclosures for the Long March drawings
  • New hanging frames for the exhibit pavilion

Sound and Moving Image Collections

With grants from the National Film Preservation Foundation and the California Audiovisual Preservation Project, Hoover's audiovisual staff preserves and reformats Hoover's audio, video, and film collections to safeguard them for posterity. Recent projects include:

  • More than thirty episodes of Firing Line, featuring such guests as Tom Wolfe, Jesse Jackson, Clare Boothe Luce, Gerald Ford, and Rudolph Giuliani
  • Radio Free Europe broadcasts in multiple languages
  • Former US ambassador to Russia and Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow Michael McFaul's interviews of Russian leaders
  • Polish government-in-exile films from the Andrzej Pomian Papers, including Polish Bombers Holiday and WWII Polish Army en Route from USSR to Germany (circa 1943)
  • Five amateur films from the William P. Miller Papers, providing rare glimpses of the World War II era, including footage of remote landscapes in Morocco
Tapestry by Floris Jespers, 1939, inscribed “The United States saved Belgium from starvation during the war. When peace came they helped to rebuild the country and its scientific institutions.” Image credit: Dirk Pauwels, Leuven Museum

Hoover Institution Tapestry Unveiled in Belgium

A work of art by Belgian artist Floris Jespers was unveiled in March 2014 at the Leuven Museum in Belgium as part of its exhibition Ravaged: Art and Culture in Times of Conflict. The tapestry honors Herbert Hoover and the Commission for Relief in Belgium, which Hoover founded to bring food to Belgium and northern France during World War I. Woven for the New York World's Fair (1939-40), the tapestry was shipped to the United States before Belgian citizens were able to see it. In 1940, with war again raging in Belgium, the tapestry was sent to Stanford for safekeeping and later donated to the University. The artwork features Herbert Hoover next to the burning University of Leuven, whose library Hoover helped rebuild after it was destroyed by German troops. The tapestry was returned to the Institution after the exhibition closed in September 2014.

Image credit:


Actively advancing scholarly output is a vital aspect of the Institution's mission. Spanning public affairs, marketing, and education, our communication efforts strive to assure that Hoover fellows and their ideas resonate in the public policy debate. We target the informed public and policy makers via traditional print and broadcast media and their online manifestations. Each year, more than a thousand articles and commentaries authored by Hoover fellows appear in newspapers, magazines, journals, and on the web. Radio and television appearances by Hoover fellows—and an expanded online and social media presence—amplify these writings, extending their reach to additional audiences and enabling the authors to delve more deeply into their research.

The digital revolution has created abundant opportunities to bypass traditional print media and thus target audiences directly. In 2014 Hoover revamped its website to serve as an enhanced communications hub for its expanding line of digital products. Publications and scholarly output that had been scattered across the web are now consolidated on a centralized, branded platform. E-mail marketing campaigns are being used to target specific audiences precisely.

Social media—in particular Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram—are being used to promote the work of Hoover fellows both in the

traditional media and in our proprietary products, such as Strategika, Peregrine, and Uncommon Knowledge with Peter Robinson, platforms that have captured the attention of new and younger audiences.

Hoover's educational outreach also uses new technology. Online educational programs developed in 2014 expand our existing offering of podcasts and video programs, engaging our audiences in contemporary public policy issues.

The New Hoover Website
Hoover's new website streamlines the user's navigation and enables intuitive, logical browsing and sharing of information across smartphones, tablets, and computers.

The New Hoover Website

In 2014, Hoover revamped its website ( with a new architecture and visual design that streamline site navigation and enable users to browse content in an intuitive and logical way. The navigational menu has been simplified from eight categories to four, and the site functions on computers, tablets, and smartphones.

Each major policy research topic has its own landing page, which features a slide show highlighting five recent articles. A robust

search engine helps users quickly locate information about specific topics. Social media and sharing features appear on all content pages, enabling users to circulate Hoover research and analysis among friends and colleagues. An enhanced “About Hoover” section guides visitors through Hoover's history. The website now enables all Hoover blogs to be on a single platform. The new look and feel of the website are being deployed across all communication platforms.

media relations
LEFT 2013 Media Roundtable. Image credit: Steve Gladfelter RIGHT Utilizing the tagline Outside the Beltway (OTB), Hoover's Media Roundtables bring members of the national media to Hoover's main campus at Stanford University. Search #HooverOTB on Twitter for the latest from and about this group.

Media Relations

Relationship building is at the core of Hoover's outreach strategy. The public affairs team has cultivated connections with leading journalists to create opportunities for them to interact with Hoover scholars. Such associations ensure that Hoover fellows are often quoted in news stories, called on for news analysis, and represented in the opinion pages of the nation's leading publications.

During the past year, Hoover fellows published nearly one thousand opinion pieces in media worldwide—in 2013 alone more than one hundred op-eds from Hoover fellows appeared in the Wall Street Journal. Hoover scholars write regularly for such media as Forbes, Investor's Business Daily, Politico,, and the National Review and contribute to the national conversation via radio and television, including CNN, Fox News, Bloomberg, CNBC, and NPR.

The William and Barbara Edwards Media Fellows Program

This fellowship opportunity allows outstanding print and broadcast media professionals across the political spectrum to spend time in residence at Hoover. Participants have the opportunity to interview Hoover scholars, conduct research in the Library & Archives, and participate in institutional events and forums.

Media Roundtables

The Office of Public Affairs currently conducts four Media Roundtables a year, each of which typically includes four to five interactive panel discussions, led by Hoover fellows, for an audience of up to twenty-five members of the national media. Recent topics have included national security affairs, monetary policy, and health care reform. The program continues to provide a meaningful way to promote our fellows' expertise and educate reporters about Hoover.

Social Media

Last year, Hoover's social media presence experienced unprecedented growth. As of September 2014, our Facebook audience had grown to some sixty-three thousand, more than double the number a year earlier; at the same time, Hoover's Twitter account had more than fifty thousand followers. Recently, Hoover launched an account on the popular photo-sharing service Instagram, a visual story-telling platform that offers a new and compelling way to engage audiences.

Using the network effect of social media to our advantage, Hoover has been successful in amplifying its reach and making the most of relationships with traditional media. We are increasingly using Twitter to expand Hoover's reach via event-specific hashtags. Tweets using hashtags created for Hoover senior fellow John B. Taylor's conference on frameworks for central banking reached more than one million people and generated more than nine million impressions in May 2014; soon after, tweets using hashtags created for July's Media Roundtable reached four hundred thousand people and generated more than two million impressions.

Facebook instagram Twitter YouTube
SoundCloud Scribd iTunes

The Hoover Institution Press

The Hoover Institution Press publishes books and essays advancing the ideas of Hoover scholars and affiliates across a broad range of topics. Publications are available in a variety of formats, including print, EPUB, Mobipocket, and PDF. Hoover has partnered with a book distributor to circulate works across a wide network of vendors and platforms.


  • Hoover Digest
    Hoover Digest

    Quarterly print publication with articles by Hoover fellows on politics, economics, and history

  • Defining Ideas
    Defining Ideas

    Online journal offering in-depth thought and commentary on key public policy issues

  • Strategika

    Online journal analyzing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past

  • Education Next
    Education Next

    Print journal examining evidence relating to school reform

  • China Leadership Monitor
    China Leadership Monitor

    Online publication that informs the US foreign policy community about current trends in China's leadership politics and foreign and domestic policies

  • Peregrine

    Online publication from the Conte Initiative on Immigration Reform that makes the case for incremental reforms to US immigration policy

  • Hoover Daily Report
    Hoover Daily Report

    Daily e-mail with links to the work of Hoover fellows and affiliated scholars in newspapers, journals, blogs, and broadcast media

Online Symposia

  • The Briefing
    "The Briefing"

    Perspectives on national security and law

  • The Caravan
    "The Caravan"

    Explorations of contemporary dilemmas of the greater Middle East

  • Immigration Reform
    "Immigration Reform"

    Examinations of legal and illegal immigration

  • Eureka

    Discussions of California's policy, political, and economic issues

Fellows' Blogs

  • Economics One
    Economics One

    by Senior Fellow John B. Taylor

  • Grumpy Economist
    Grumpy Economist

    by Senior Fellow John H. Cochrane

  • Café Hayek
    Café Hayek

    by Research Fellow Russell D. Roberts and Don Boudreaux of George Mason University

  • Shadow Government
    Shadow Government

    by Research Fellow Kori Schake for Foreign Policy magazine

  • Works and Days
    Works and Days

    by Senior Fellow Victor Davis Hanson

  • LawFare

    by Senior Fellow Jack Goldsmith, with Benjamin Wittes of the Brookings Institution, and Robert Chesney of the University of Texas

Video Series

  • Uncommon Knowledge
    Uncommon Knowledge with Peter Robinson

    Research Fellow Peter Robinson in conversation with political leaders, scholars, journalists, and thinkers

  • American Conversation Essentials
    American Conversation Essentials

    Produced with the 92nd Street Y in New York, each video features a Hoover fellow delving into a specific issue of the day

  • The Numbers Game

    Russell D. Roberts combines charts, tables, graphics, cartoons, and conversation about public policy issues in this chartcast series

Audio Podcast Series

  • The Libertarian
    "The Libertarian"

    Weekly podcast series by Richard A. Epstein, Hoover's Peter and Kirsten Bedford Senior Fellow, accompanying his weekly column in Defining Ideas

  • Strategika

    Expanded companion pieces from authors whose work appears in the online journal

  • Peregrine
    "Immigration Reform"

    The initiative's podcast series informs the debate on immigration reform as it unfolds across public and legislative spaces

wall of names

People & Support

An exceptional confluence of people strengthens the Institution by engendering and championing principled, workable ideas that define a free society. Donations from individuals, foundations, corporations, and partnerships continue to support the enduring fortitude of the Hoover Institution, ensuring the ongoing development of solutions to the challenges that face our nation and our world. We recognize and value these individuals for their time, commitment, and financial support; without them Hoover's scholars and staff could not achieve the mission envisioned by Herbert Hoover many years ago.

Awards and Honors
1 John B. Taylor receives the Bradley Prize Image credit: The Bradley Foundation 2 Hoover's July 2014 Board of Overseers dinner. Image credit: Steve Gladfelter 3 Thomas J. Sargent receives the Nobel Prize Image credit: The Nobel Foundation

Senior Administration

As of
Tad and Dianne Taube Director
  • John Raisian
Deputy Director (Emeritus)
  • Charles Palm
Senior Associate Director
  • Stephen Langlois Finance and Operations
Associate Directors
  • Christopher S. Dauer Marketing and Strategic Communications
  • Colin Stewart Development
  • Eric Wakin Robert H. Malott Director
    of Library & Archives
  • Eryn Witcher Bechtel Director of Public Affairs
  • Amy B. Zegart Academic Affairs and Davies
    Family Senior Fellow
Director of Washington, DC Programs
  • David Davenport
Counselor to the Director
  • Donald C. Meyer Development
Assistant Directors
  • Denise Elson Research Initiatives
  • Mary Gingell Development Events and Services
  • Jeffrey Jones Operations
  • Noel S. Kolak Research
  • Christie Parell Media & Government Relations, Hoover Institution in Washington

In Appreciation: David Brady

David Brady

After twenty-five years of service and twelve years as Hoover deputy director, Davies Family Senior Fellow David W. Brady has stepped down from his administrative duties as deputy director to focus on his scholarly role as a senior fellow. Brady has been influential in growing the Media Fellows and National Fellows Programs and recently served as interim director of the Library & Archives. The Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Professor of Political Science and Leadership Values in the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a professor of political science in Stanford's School of Humanities and Sciences, Brady has been instrumental in strengthening Hoover's ties with the University.

Additional Directories

Awards and Honors

A number of prestigious awards and honors have been bestowed on Hoover fellows in recent years:

Nobel Prize
  • Thomas J. Sargent (2011)
Bradley Prize
  • Edwin Meese III (2012)
  • Richard A. Epstein (2011)
  • Harvey C. Mansfield (2011)
  • Allan H. Meltzer (2011)
  • John B. Taylor (2010)
Hayek Prize
  • John B. Taylor (2012)
National Association for Business Economics Adolph G. Abramson Award
  • John B. Taylor (2013)
Benjamin Franklin Award for Public Service
  • Fouad Ajami (2011)
  • Niall Ferguson (2010)
Truman Medal for Economic Policy
  • Allan H. Meltzer (2011)
National Medal of Science
  • Sidney Drell (2011)
Economic History Association Jonathan R. Hughes Prize for Excellence in Teaching
  • Stephen H. Haber (2013)
Eric Breindel Award for Excellence in Opinion Journalism
  • Fouad Ajami (2011)

Many Hoover scholars are also involved in such honor societies as the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, Econometric Society, National Academy of Education, and National Academy of Sciences.

William Edwards
To acknowledge his outstanding service, the title of Distinguished Overseer was conferred on longtime Hoover supporter William C. Edwards at the July 2014 board meeting. Image credit: Steve Gladfelter

Board of Overseers

The Board of Overseers advises and supports the Institution's senior administration, ensuring that the Hoover Institution follows the path set forth by its founder in its mission statement. This dedicated group of supporters, who contribute to the advancement of the Institution through their knowledge, experience, and leadership, meets twice a year, at Stanford and in Washington, DC. Members are listed here.

The Uncommon Commitment Award

"Great human advances have not been brought about by mediocre men and women. They were brought about by distinctly uncommon men and women with vital sparks of leadership." -Herbert Hoover
The Uncommon Commitment Award

The Hoover Institution Uncommon Commitment Award recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the Hoover Institution and the principles for which it stands. The award is reserved for those who have made a profound and lasting impact on the direction and success of the Institution during a sustained period of time.

Herbert Hoover reminded us that it is not the common man but rather the uncommon man on whom the preservation of our civilization depends. It is fitting, therefore, that the award be named the Uncommon Commitment Award.


  1. Boyd C. Smith (July 2014)
    Image credit: Martino Mingione
  2. Stephen D. Bechtel Jr. (July 2013)
    Image credit: Rod Searcey
  3. David T. Traitel (July 2013)
  4. Peter B. Bedford (February 2013)
    Image credit: Goodman/Van RiperPhotography
  5. Paul L. Davies Jr. (July 2011)
  6. William C. Edwards (July 2011)
  7. Tad Taube (July 2011)
  8. Richard M. Scaife (February 2000)
    Image credit: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Tanner Fountain
Tanner Fountain, in front of Hoover Tower. Image credit: Jackie Jones Design

Financial Review

The Hoover Institution's fiscal year runs from September 1 through August 31, coincident with Stanford University's fiscal year and academic calendar. The Institution is pleased to report that it ended the 2013-14 fiscal year in a solid financial position, with base budget revenues of $56.1 million and expenses of $47.2 million. Revenues include $8.1 million in restricted funds earmarked for specific projects in future years. Including those funds, Hoover entered the 2014-15 fiscal year with a healthy cash reserve.

The Institution is funded primarily by two sources: expendable gifts and endowment payout. In 2013-14, Hoover donors made contributions totaling $33.0 million to support the work of Hoover scholars, the Library & Archives, and outreach and communications activities. Endowment payout totaled $22 million in the 2013-14 fiscal year. Hoover also earned $458,000 in interest income and revenue from periodicals and publications. Stanford University contributed $660,000 in general funds to Hoover to support the Library & Archives.

As the Institution moves toward opening a new building in 2017 and its 100th anniversary in 2019, it is experiencing increased activity in a number of strategic areas. Hoover's expenditures are a reflection of its priorities, including support of fellows and their research programs, the Library & Archives, and dissemination of the Institution's scholarly output.

Total base budget expenses were $47.2 million in fiscal year 2013-14 and are expected to grow to $54 million in 2014-15. Notable expenditure increases during this period include adding to the research fellowship; launching new research initiatives, including projects focusing on foreign policy and regulation and the rule of law; expanding fellowships and academic programming in the Library & Archives while introducing a comprehensive digital program; expanding the outreach and research activities in the newly-opened Johnson Center in Washington, DC; and redesigning the Hoover website. In addition to the ongoing activities of the Institution reflected in the base budget, Hoover has a number of special and capital projects of limited duration that are funded in advance of commencement. In fiscal year 2013-14, those projects had revenues of $4.2 million and expenses of $5.1 million.

The groundbreaking for Hoover's new building on the Stanford campus is anticipated to be in 2015. Last year Hoover received $19 million in gifts for the new building, and the needed remaining funds have been pledged.

The Institution had $495 million invested in Stanford's Merged Pool for endowment funds as of August 31, 2014, including $444 million in endowment funds and $51 million in reserve funds. In addition, Hoover had $57 million in cash reserve funds, $41 million of which was restricted to specific purposes.

Funding Sources Graph
Budget Expenditures Graph

Support Hoover

Contact the Office of Development to learn how you can join our supporters in advancing policy ideas that promote economic opportunity and prosperity, while securing and safeguarding peace for America and all mankind.

Hoover Institution
Office of Development
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6010
hooverdevelopment [at]

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