The world of Nineteen Eighty-Four may have ended in 1989, the year the Berlin Wall came down, but George Orwell’s writing remains as relevant today as ever. Hoover Fellow Timothy Garton Ash explains why.
Stabbings, bombings, umbrellas armed with poison pellets—the media called it a Cold War, but in the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty complex in Munich, the war could get downright hot. By Cissie Dore Hill.
Harry Milton served with George Orwell in the Spanish Civil War. His papers recall the trauma of opposing Franco’s forces on the battlefield—and of fleeing Stalin’s forces in revolutionary Barcelona. By David Jacobs.
After two decades of reform, Stalin and Mao wouldn't recognize Russia and China today. But each state has taken a different path away from their communist past. Russia has emphasized democratic reforms while enduring economic instability. China has promoted economic growth based on market reforms, while maintaining tight control over politics. Which path will prove to be more successful, Russia's or China's?
We look back at America during the last two decades of the twentieth century. Each decade was dominated by a two-term President and marked by long economic booms. Do these parallels suggest that 1990s were merely a continuation of the 1980s? Or does each decade have a unique place in American history?