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Party Affairs

Party Politburo Processes under Hu Jintao

by Alice L. Millervia China Leadership Monitor
Friday, July 30, 2004

Attention in PRC media to the activities of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Politburo in the 18 months since the 16th Party Congress has illuminated aspects of that body's operating procedures and its members' roles. In particular, recent media reporting has further clarified the Politburo's meeting schedule and agenda, as well as the division of responsibilities for policy supervision among its membership. There have also been rare glimpses of the "leadership small groups"—the informal task forces that coordinate implementation of Politburo decisions throughout the party, state, and other hierarchies in China's political order. A previous article in China Leadership Monitor (issue 9, winter 2004) assessed aspects of the Politburo's schedule in the context of broader party procedural reforms inaugurated under Hu Jintao's leadership. This article complements and extends that analysis.

Political Reform

Promoting the Scientific Development Concept

by Joseph Fewsmithvia China Leadership Monitor
Friday, July 30, 2004

For the past nine months, party General Secretary Hu Jintao and other leaders have been promoting a new economic approach that they call the "scientific development concept." This approach aims to correct what they describe as an overemphasis in recent years on increasing gross domestic product (GDP), which encourages the generation of false figures and dubious construction projects while neglecting the social welfare of those left behind in the hinterland. Advertised as a "people-centered" approach to development, the scientific development concept has been extended to leadership practices in general, including the recruitment of talent and the administration of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Leaders associated with former party General Secretary Jiang Zemin, such as Secretariat head Zeng Qinghong, have endorsed the scientific development concept, but Zeng in particular has appeared to demur at some of its central notions. At a minimum, this divergence underscores the difficulty of defining "social development" as opposed to "mere" economic development; at a maximum, it suggests continuing tensions within the leadership.

The Bushes: Portrait of a Dynasty

by Peter Schweizer, Rochelle Schweizervia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 30, 2004

With two presidents bearing the name, the Bushes are now the most prominent family in American politics. By Peter Schweizer and Rochelle Schweizer.

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Hostage of Eternity

by Lazar Fleishmanvia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 30, 2004

Reflections on the life of Boris Pasternak. By Lazar Fleishman.

“Morning Again in America”

by Peter M. Robinsonvia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 30, 2004

The man who changed America—and the world. By Peter Robinson.

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The Reluctant Empire

by Niall Fergusonvia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 30, 2004

By most conventional measures of power—economic, military, and cultural—there has never been an empire mightier than that of the United States today. Yet why does America have such trouble using this power effectively? By Niall Ferguson.

IS THE NEW LEFT HISTORY? The Past, Present, and Future of the Left

with Anne Applebaum, Christopher Hitchensvia Uncommon Knowledge
Thursday, July 15, 2004

In 1960, John F. Kennedy ran to the right of Richard Nixon, arguing that under Republicans, the United States had become too weak in the cold war. A dozen years later, the Democratic presidential candidate was George McGovern. How did the Democratics go from hawks to doves in just twelve years? And what does the history of the Left imply for John Kerry, the Democratic Party, and the war on terror today? Peter Robinson speaks with Anne Applebaum and Christopher Hitchens.

THE NEXT GREAT LEAP: China and Democracy

with William McGurn, Orville Schellvia Uncommon Knowledge
Thursday, July 15, 2004

It has been more than fifteen years since the People's Liberation Army crushed the prodemocracy rallies in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, killing hundreds of students and workers and wounding thousands more. Since then, although stifling political dissent, China has continued to liberalize its economy and is rapidly becoming an economic superpower. Will the explosion of new wealth in China lead to new pressures for democratic reform? And just what is the legacy of Tiananmen? Peter Robinson speaks with William McGurn and Orville Schell.

THE RIGHT NATION: The Conservative Ascendancy

with Clark S. Judge, John Micklethwaitvia Uncommon Knowledge
Tuesday, June 8, 2004

A half-century ago, the ideology of the American political establishment was liberal—the New Deal was still new and big government was getting bigger. Today, after a political revolution that began with Barry Goldwater and Ronald Reagan, it may be argued that conservativism has become the dominant ideological force in American politics. But what does conservativism mean today? And if it is ascendant, how long can it remain so? Peter Robinson speaks with Clark S. Judge and John Micklethwait.

Knowledge as Power

by Bruce Berkowitzvia Policy Review
Tuesday, June 1, 2004

Bruce Berkowitz on Intelligence in War: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to al-Qaeda by John Keegan


Military History Working Group

The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict examines how knowledge of past military operations can influence contemporary public policy decisions concerning current conflicts.