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Sovereignty and Democracy

by Marc F. Plattnervia Policy Review
Monday, December 1, 2003

Self-government needs the nation-state

America’s New Empire for Liberty

by Paul Johnsonvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

From the very beginning, historian Paul Johnson argues, Americans have been imperialists—good imperialists.

Political Reform

Studying the Three Represents

by Joseph Fewsmithvia China Leadership Monitor
Thursday, October 30, 2003

Starting in June, Chinese media have been promoting a new campaign to study the "three represents," Jiang Zemin's ideological formulation that was enshrined in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) constitution at the 16th Party Congress in fall 2002. Following Hu Jintao's efforts to emphasize a more populist approach to governance, including his "people's war" against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in April and May, the new campaign has raised new questions about the relationship between Hu and Jiang. Review of the evidence reveals that this campaign has long been in the works and thus should not—in and of itself—be taken as evidence of a reassertion of Jiang's political clout, but there are nevertheless significant differences between the two leaders and their approaches to governance and ideology. Although the evidence suggests that Hu Jintao has been trying to inject new themes and approaches to governance, he remains willing to acknowledge the role of Jiang as elder statesman and refrains from challenging him directly. Thus, political differences are more likely to be played out in personnel decisions and policy priorities over the coming months than in the sort of political competition that is likely to lead to instability.

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Dinner with the Eight of Spades

by Abraham D. Sofaervia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

In 1985 Hoover fellow Abraham D. Sofaer attended a dinner in honor of Iraqi foreign minister Tariq Aziz. A tense exchange between Aziz and Donald Rumsfeld hinted at the conflict to come.

The Provinces

Educational and Professional Backgrounds of Current Provincial Leaders

by Cheng Livia China Leadership Monitor
Thursday, October 30, 2003

This article focuses on the educational and professional characteristics of the current provincial leaders. A quantitative analysis of the data on 325 provincial party secretaries, governors, and their deputies shows three important trends. First, educational credentials continue to be an important criterion in the selection of provincial leaders. Not only has the percentage of provincial leaders with college educations reached a zenith in the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC), but many of these leaders also hold advanced postgraduate degrees. Second, the professional distribution of provincial leaders has become increasingly diversified. Although leaders trained in engineering and the natural sciences continue to dominate provincial-level leadership, economists and those who majored in business management now form the largest professional group among provincial leaders in the younger cohort (age 54 and below). And third, leaders with educational experience overseas have emerged in almost every province-level administration in the country. Most of them studied in the West, especially in the United States. All these recent changes in the profiles of China's provincial leadership will have profound implications for the country's socioeconomic development in the years to come.

Our Own Hundred Years’ War

by Clark S. Judgevia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

The Second World War, the Cold War, and now the war on terrorism—all can be seen as part of a single, epochal struggle. Clark S. Judge on the new hundred years’ war.

Economic Policy

The State Asset Commission: A Powerful New Government Body

by Barry Naughtonvia China Leadership Monitor
Thursday, October 30, 2003

A powerful new government body, the State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (State Asset Commission, or SAC, for short), was authorized at the 10th National People's Congress in March 2003 and set up operations in June. The SAC represents an important step forward toward clarifying and modernizing the administration of government property rights and improving the oversight of government managers. But at the same time, because the SAC is intended to gather the reins of many types of authority, there is a risk that it will become an overly powerful and interventionist body. The establishment of the SAC reveals much about the sources and exercise of political power in contemporary China. The commission's head, Li Rongrong, exemplifies the newly emerging technocratic leadership. But, the manner in which the SAC falls in the middle of contention over personnel authority also shows how old-style political considerations remain central.

The White Revolution

Creating an Islamic Republic

by Cissie Dore Hillvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

Recalling the 1979 Iranian revolution through its propaganda posters. By Hoover exhibits coordinator Cissie Hill.

Our Hero

by Peter M. Robinsonvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

A speechwriter for six years in the Reagan White House, Hoover fellow Peter Robinson reflects on the place in history of the 40th chief executive.

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A Revolution Betrayed

by Abbas Milanivia Hoover Digest
Thursday, October 30, 2003

In the aftermath of pro-democracy protests in Iran this summer, some 4,000 people were arrested. Political reformers and religious hard-liners are now at a standoff. Who will prevail? By Abbas Milani.


Military History Working Group

The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict examines how knowledge of past military operations can influence contemporary public policy decisions concerning current conflicts.