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The Provinces

Analysis of Current Provincial Leaders

by Cheng Livia China Leadership Monitor
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

Understanding the provincial leaders' biographical backgrounds, tenure in office, political socialization, career patterns, and rate of reshuffling is essential to the study of Chinese politics. This study focuses on the 412 current top provincial leaders, a cluster of elites that includes all current provincial party secretaries, governors (or mayors of provincial-level administrations in the cities), deputy provincial party secretaries, and vice governors or vice mayors. These people are the most important political leaders at the provincial level in present-day China. Data for this study are based principally on official Chinese information that has recently become available to the public on the Internet. I have constructed a database on the biographies of these 412 top provincial leaders. Each biography includes 76 entries, which are indexed into eight major categories for analytical purposes. These categories are: 1) basic biographical information, 2) status of membership and position, 3) promotion patterns, 4) regional background, 5) reshuffling experience, 6) work experience, 7) educational background, and 8) political association and networks. This report focuses on the first three categories.

The illiterate man is like a blind man.

The Illiterate Man Is Like a Blind Man

by Heather Farkas, Mathew Morrisvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

Soviet posters from the literacy campaign of the 1920s. By Heather Farkas and Matthew Morris.

this is an image


by Robert Conquestvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

Remembering Nikita Khrushchev, the crude, poorly educated peasant who laid the groundwork for the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union. By Robert Conquest.

General Patrick Hurley.

Hurley’s Dream

by Abbas Milanivia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

How FDR almost brought democracy to Iran. By Abbas Milani.

Party Affairs

The 10th National People's Congress and China's Leadership Transition

by Alice L. Millervia China Leadership Monitor
Wednesday, July 30, 2003

The 10th National People's Congress (NPC) completed the succession of China's top leaders that began with the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) 16th Party Congress in fall 2002 and has preoccupied China's politics for more than a year. The NPC's appointment of new leaders to most top state posts has ended the suspense regarding the leadership transition, but it has not done much to clarify ambiguities about their power relative to each other. Nevertheless, initiatives by the new leadership under party General Secretary and now People's Republic of China (PRC) President Hu Jintao have made it clear that China's leaders do not intend a conservative, status quo approach to the country's political issues and policy problems, but rather have already embarked on a clearly activist agenda.

ROBERT'S RULES OF ORDER: A Conversation with Robert Bork

with Robert Borkvia Uncommon Knowledge
Wednesday, July 16, 2003

There are often said to be two competing schools for interpreting the meaning of the Constitution. On one side are those who believe that the meaning of the Constitution must evolve over time as society itself changes. On the other side are those who insist that the original intent of the framers of the Constitution—what they wrote and what their intent was in writing it—is all that matters. Robert Bork is firmly in the latter school. We asked him to explicate his understanding of the U.S. Constitution, using recent Supreme Court decisions as case studies.

AN EMPIRE FOR LIBERTY? A Conversation with Paul Johnson

with Paul Johnsonvia Uncommon Knowledge
Wednesday, July 16, 2003

Can America become an "empire for liberty"? British historian Paul Johnson believes that it can and should. The United States, he argues, is uniquely suited, as a result of both its principles and its current power, to bring about benevolent change throughout the world. But does empire suit the United States? We ask Johnson just how and why America can be this "empire for liberty" and to place American imperialism in its historical context.


Recollections of a Romanian Diplomat, 1918-1969: Diaries and Memoirs of Raoul V. Bossy

via Hoover Institution Press
Monday, June 30, 2003

The half century covered by Raoul Bossy's diaries and memoirs was one of major upheaval in the world, particularly in Eastern Europe. A keen and witty observer, Bossy faithfully recorded the reactions of informed people to the then unfolding international events. His recollections begin in 1918, when Bossy entered the Romanian diplomatic service as a lowly attaché and began his climb through the ranks: cabinet chief of the minister of foreign affairs to political director of the prime minister's office to secretary-general of the Romanian regency. By the early 1940s he achieved what was at that time the most important posting for a Romanian diplomat—envoy to Berlin.

DEMOCRACY NOW? Democracy versus the Rule of Law

with Larry Diamond, Coit Blacker, Donald Emmersonvia Uncommon Knowledge
Tuesday, June 24, 2003

Is democracy—that is, free elections—to be desired at all times for all nations? Or are nations more successful when they establish the rule of law, property rights, and other constitutional liberties first? For the United States, this is no longer an academic question. America is deeply involved in nation-building in Afghanistan and Iraq. Should the establishment of democracy in these countries be the first priority for the United States, or is securing public order and the rule of law more important?

IN DEFENSE OF LIBERALISM: American Liberalism in the Twenty-first Century

with David M. Kennedy, George McGovernvia Uncommon Knowledge
Tuesday, June 24, 2003

Fifty years ago, critic Lionel Trilling declared that "in the United States at this time, liberalism is not only the dominant but even the sole intellectual tradition." Today, however, even most Democrats avoid calling themselves liberal. What happened to the liberal tradition in the second half of the twentieth century? What does liberalism stand for at the beginning of the twenty-first century? Can liberals reclaim their once-dominant position in American politics, or is their ideology history?


Military History Working Group

The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict examines how knowledge of past military operations can influence contemporary public policy decisions concerning current conflicts.