The 1988-1991 movement for national independence in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia was resisted not only by Moscow, but it also had to contend with strong local opposition. Several pro-Soviet organizations emerged in reaction to growing popular demands for national sovereignty and independence in the Baltic region.
Andris Razāns, Latvia’s ambassador to the United States, visited Stanford University on December 2, 2013. As part of his visit, Ambassador Razāns came to the Herbert Hoover Memorial Exhibit Pavilion, where he was shown materials from the Latvian collections of the Hoover Institution Archives.
Swedish author and historian Bengt Jangfeldt spoke on October 22, 2013, to a packed Stauffer auditorium, at the Hoover Institution, on the heroic actions and tragic fate of the young Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Hungary during World War II, including a member of the audience (as well as the late Tom Lantos, a former member of Congress from California). The sound recording of his talk is now available: “Raoul Wallenberg’s Fate, 1945–47: A Diplomatic Failure.”
Finding aids to the collections described below are now available through the Online Archive of California.