Xiaobo Lü is an associate professor in the Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin. His research centers on distributive politics of fiscal policies in authoritarian regimes, with a focus on China. He is particularly interested in the politics of social spending and taxation and their consequences for state-building and state-society relations. He has published in numerous leading academic journals, such as the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, and Comparative Political Studies. He received his doctorate in political science from Yale University in 2011.