Norman M. Naimark

Senior Fellow
Biography: 

Norman M. Naimark is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. He is also the Robert and Florence McDonnell Professor of East European Studies and senior fellow of Stanford's Institute for International Studies.

Naimark is an expert in modern East European and Russian History. His current research focuses on Soviet policies and actions in Europe after World War II and on genocide and ethnic cleansing in the twentieth century.

Naimark is author of the critically acclaimed volumes: The Russians In Germany: The History Of The Soviet Zone Of Occupation, 1945–1949 (Harvard, 1995), Fires Of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing In 20th Century Europe (Harvard, 2001), and Stalin's Genocides (Princeton, 2010). He is also author of the volumes, Terrorists And Social Democrats: The Russian Revolutionary Movement Under Alexander III (Harvard, 1983), and The History Of The "Proletariat": The Emergence Of Marxism In The Kingdom Of Poland, 1870–1887 (Columbia, 1979).

Naimark has edited and coedited a series of books and document collections: on the Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe, Soviet nationality problems, interpretations of Soviet history, Operation "Barbarossa," the Soviet occupation of Germany, and the wars in former Yugoslavia.

He is a member of editorial boards of a number of major professional journals in this country and abroad, including The American Historical Review, The Journal Of Contemporary History, The Journal Of Cold War Studies, Jahrbuch Fuer Historische Kommunismusforschung, Kritika, The Journal Of Modern European History, and East European Politics And Societies.

Naimark was former president and board member of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. He served for many years on the Visiting Committee of the Davis Center for Russian Studies at Harvard and was former Chair of the Joint Committee on Eastern Europe of the American Council of Learned Societies and Social Science Research Council. He serves on the academic advisory board of the Center for Contemporary History Studies in Potsdam, Germany. He is recipient of the Officers Cross of the Order of Merit from the Federal Republic of Germany.

At Stanford, Naimark served two terms on the Academic Senate, as well as on its Steering Committee. Also, he was chair of the Department of History, director of the Center for Russian and East European Studies, and director of the International Relations and International Policy Studies programs. In 1995, he was awarded the Richard W. Lyman Award (for outstanding faculty volunteer service). He twice was recipient of the Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching (1991–1992, 2002–3).

Naimark earned a BA (1966), MA (1968), and PhD (1972) in History from Stanford University. Before returning to Stanford in 1988, Naimark was a Professor of History at Boston University and a Fellow at the Russian Research Center at Harvard. He also held the visiting Kathryn Wasserman Davis Chair of Slavic Studies at Wellesley College.

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Recent Commentary

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Mission to Moscow

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Friday, January 25, 2013

The czars and commissars alike are long gone. Moscow has almost become a normal European city. By Norman M. Naimark.

How Historians Repeat Themselves

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Monday, June 29, 2009

The joys and challenges of mentoring the historians of the future. By Norman M. Naimark.

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Optimism, Patience . . . Can This Be Cyprus?

by Kareem Yasin, Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, January 22, 2009

Cypriots have high hopes for a fresh effort to heal their divided island. Solving their ethnic and religious conflicts would set a remarkable example for the world. By Kareem Yasin and Norman M. Naimark.

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Featured Commentary

Germans as Victims: Recovering from the Third Reich

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Weekly Standard
Monday, November 12, 2007

Franklin Roosevelt told Stalin that he was shocked by "the extent of the German destruction of the Crimea" he saw on his way to the Yalta conference in February 1945...

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A Country Yet Unborn

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, April 1, 2007

The world is trying to sort out the unhappy province’s future, but Kosovar Albanians can’t wait much longer. By Norman Naimark.

Featured Commentary

Remembering Genocide in Srebrenica

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Daily Report
Wednesday, July 13, 2005

The reverberations of Srebrenica go far beyond the trials and sentencing of the perpetrators.

Fires of Hatred

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Tuesday, January 30, 2001

Although the term ethnic cleansing became part of the lexicon only with the Balkan wars of the 1990s, the brutal practices the term describes occurred with numbing frequency during the past century. Hoover fellow Norman M. Naimark on what causes ethnic cleansing—and how it can be stopped.

Featured Commentary

Facing Up to Kosova

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Daily Report
Monday, April 24, 2000

Kosova must eventually emerge as an independent country within its present borders.

Operation Osoaviakhim

by Norman M. Naimarkvia Hoover Digest
Tuesday, January 30, 1996

In The Russians in Germany, Hoover fellow Norman M. Naimark has written a definitive account of the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany (later the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany) in the years immediately after World War II. All the Allies engaged in a postwar scramble for German scientists and technology, Naimark argues, but the Soviets, particularly dependent on acquiring German know-how, ordered German scientists rounded up and shipped to the Soviet Union. Here Naimark describes one such Soviet exercise.

Stalin's Genocides

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Stalin's Genocides, Naimark's most recent book.