Jeremy Carl

Research Fellow

Jeremy Carl is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution, where he focuses on energy policy and U.S. politics.

He has served as a policy advisor to many national political figures on a variety of issues ranging from energy to electoral strategy; His academic writing on reforming California’s energy bureaucracy was praised by a bipartisan coalition of former California governors and his work on distributed power has been lauded by leaders ranging from senior Bush Administration energy officials to the former Democratic Party head of the Senate Energy Committee. His recent policy work for a prominent Republican governor was highlighted by The Wall Street Journal, Time Magazine, and the National Review.

Before coming to Hoover, Carl was a research fellow at the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford. Before that he was a research fellow in resource and development economics at the Energy and Resources Institute, India’s leading energy and environmental policy organization.

Jeremy’s scholarly work at Hoover focuses on energy and environmental policy, with an emphasis on energy security, climate policy, energy innovation and global fuel markets. In addition he has continued previous research on energy politics and policy in India and China.  Outside of his energy work he is a frequently sought-out commentator on U.S. politics and elections.

Carl is the author or editor of several books, including Powering the Armed Forces (with Admiral Gary Roughead), Conversations about Energy: How the Experts See America’s Energy Choices and Assessing the Role of Distributed Power Systems in the US Power Sector. His work has appeared in numerous professional journals in the energy and environmental field.

His political writing and commentary has been featured in the New York Times, Wall Street JournalTime Magazine, National Review, Politico,the Economist, and many other leading newspapers and magazines.

Jeremy received a BA with distinction from Yale University. He holds an MPA from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and did doctoral work at Stanford University, where he was a Packard Foundation Stanford Graduate Fellow.

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Recent Commentary

Green Energy

For California's AB 32: Cap-and-Trade-and-Cash Back, Not Cap-and-Trade-and-Tax

by Jeremy Carl, David Fedorvia Analysis
Friday, February 7, 2014

The desire to protect the environment is a hallmark of the state and extends across the political spectrum. And given the environmental risk posed by global climate change, efforts to reduce the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and act as a model for jurisdictions elsewhere have now become a major part of California’s energy policy agenda.

More Simplicity, Less Charisma: Improving the Effectiveness, Cost, and Fairness of California's Climate Agenda

by Jeremy Carl, David Fedorvia Analysis
Tuesday, February 4, 2014

California needs to embrace the right regulatory tools for the right environmental problems if it is to accomplish its stated goals to both cost effectively reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and act as a policy model for others.

Gateway to India in Mumbai
Analysis and Commentary

India Overreacts to Diplomat's Arrest

by Jeremy Carlvia CNN
Friday, December 20, 2013

Jeremy Carl says Indian officials should not have taken retaliatory measures against the U.S. for a legitimate investigation of potential labor abuse

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Analysis and Commentary

Liberal Denial on Climate Change and Energy

by Jeremy Carlvia National Review Online
Wednesday, October 23, 2013

A new poll reveals conservatives are the open-minded ones.

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What California Comeback?

by Carson Bruno, Jeremy Carlvia Defining Ideas
Thursday, September 26, 2013

Despite what press reports say, a new Hoover poll shows that Golden State residents are as unsure of the economic future as ever.

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Hoover fellow Carl discusses fracking on the John Batchelor Show

by Jeremy Carlvia John Batchelor Show
Friday, April 12, 2013

Jeremy Carl, a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, weighs in on the cornucopia of fracking legislation being discussed in California.

Distributed Power Book Cover

Distributed Power in the United States: Prospects and Policies

via Books by Hoover Fellows
Wednesday, March 6, 2013


Revenue-Neutral Carbon Taxes in the Real World: Insights from British Columbia and Australia

by Jeremy Carl, David Fedorvia Analysis
Friday, December 21, 2012

While the scientific and economic implications of climate change remain highly contested, the idea of a net revenue-neutral tax on carbon dioxide emissions has been proposed by a number of economists from across the ideological spectrum as one possible way to help level the playing field among different sources of energy by accounting for the potential externalities of carbon emissions. At the same time other economists have criticized carbon pricing, both from the right and the left, as either a Utopian scheme inappropriate to address a global problem or as a band-aid that will not fundamentally limit carbon emissions. In a revenue-neutral carbon tax regime, all revenues generated from taxes on carbon emissions would be directly returned to the taxed economy through an equivalent reduction in other existing taxes or through direct payments to taxpayers. Depending on the particular structure utilized, these may be referred to as a “revenue-neutral carbon tax” or a “carbon tax shift/swap” or a “carbon fee and dividend”. What the arguments for such a policy structure, both pro and con, have often lacked is detailed analysis of the performance and design of revenue-neutral carbon taxes in the real world. This paper attempts to address that gap. It examines the revenue-recycling carbon pricing mechanisms already enacted in British Columbia and Australia in order to assess their approach and efficacy.

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Navigating California’s Electricity Maze

by Jeremy Carlvia Advancing a Free Society
Thursday, November 29, 2012

In a time of continuing budget deficits and record-high taxes, Californians are currently spending billions of dollars annually on eleven different, often overlapping, renewable and distributed energy programs, with no clear lines of decision-making authority and little accoun

Renewable and Distributed Power in California: Simplifying the regulatory maze — making the path for the future

by Jeremy Carl, David Fedor, Dian Grueneich, Cara Goldenbergvia Analysis
Wednesday, November 28, 2012

The Canadian Province of British Columbia was an early adopter of a broad-based, revenue-neutral carbon tax that directly recycles 100 percent of the revenue it generates; British Columbia now has four years of experience on implementation and revenue distribution. Australia, after years of discussion with stakeholders from across the economy, has designed and now recently implemented its own partially revenue-recycling carbon tax. Taken together, their policy choices help illustrate the spectrum of options, dynamics, and pitfalls that might be anticipated elsewhere. This essay examines these revenue-recycling carbon-pricing mechanisms to assess their approach and efficacy.