Robert Service

Senior Fellow
Biography: 

Robert Service, a noted Russian historian and political commentator, is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford.

His research interests concern Russian history and politics in all its aspects, from the late nineteenth century to the present day. Service was awarded the 2009 Duff Cooper Prize for his biography Trotsky (Harvard University Press, 2009).

His most recent publication is Spies and Commissars: Russia and the West in the Bolshevik Revolution (McMillan, 2011). He is the author of Dictionary of 20th Century Communism (Princeton University Press, 2010) coedited with Silvio Pons, The Russian Revolution 1900–1927, 4th edition (London, 2009); author of Lenin: A Biography (London, 2000); “Architectural Problems of Reform in the Soviet Union: From Design to Collapse” in Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, vol. 2 (2001); Russia: Experiment with a People (London and Harvard, 2002); “Stalinism and the Soviet State Order” in Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, vol. 1 (2003); A History of Modern Russia. From Tsarism to the Twenty-First Century, 3rd edition, expanded and updated (London and Cambridge, MA, 2009); Stalin: A Biography (London and Cambridge, MA, 2004); “Military Policy, International Relations and Soviet Security after October 1917,” in Russia: War, Peace and Diplomacy. Essays in Honour of John Erickson (London, 2004); “Soviet Political Leadership and 'Sovietological' Modelling,” in Leading Russia: Putin in Perspective: Essays in Honour of Archie Brown (Oxford , 2005); and Comrades: A World History of Communism (London and Cambridge, MA, 2007).

Service holds an MA in modern languages from the University of Cambridge and an MA and a PhD in government from the University of Essex.

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Recent Commentary

Christopher Hitchens and Robert Service

Trotsky per Hitchens and Service

by Peter M. Robinsonwith Christopher Hitchens, Robert Servicevia Uncommon Knowledge
Monday, August 10, 2009

Leon Trotsky, one of the leading figures of the Russian October Revolution, remains a controversial figure.

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A Touch of Menace

by Robert Servicevia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, January 16, 2008

Vladimir Putin. We may not know what he’s thinking, but we know only too much about his methods. By Robert Service.

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What I Found in Mr. Hoover's Papers

by Robert Servicevia Hoover Digest
Sunday, April 30, 2006

Herbert Hoover understood that history is to be discovered not just in official documents but in the little details of the past. By Robert Service.

Stalin the Terrible

by Robert Servicevia Hoover Digest
Sunday, October 30, 2005

“Stalin the mass killer slept easily at night. Not for him the uneasiness of wearing the crown of state: he adored power.” Robert Service on the face of evil.

Pages

Spies and Commissars: Russia and the West in the Bolshevik Revolution

 Spies and Commissars: Russia and the West in the Bolshevik Revolution, Service's most recent book.