Ruth Wedgwood is the Burling Professor of International Law at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Earlier in her career, as a federal prosecutor in New York, she prosecuted a Soviet-bloc nuclear spy and weapons dealers’ shipping to Iraq and Iran. She also devised the innovative trial procedures first used in the Kampiles espionage case and later incorporated in the Classified Information Procedures Act. She has served on the Defense Policy Board, the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on International Law, and the CIA Historical Review Panel. She currently serves as the U.S. member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee in Geneva, reviewing the human rights record of countries such as Russia, Belarus, Libya, and Algeria. She was educated at Harvard, the London School of Economics, and Yale Law School and clerked on the U.S. Supreme Court.