Terry Anderson

John and Jean De Nault Senior Fellow

Terry L. Anderson has been a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution since 1998 and is currently the John and Jean DeNault Senior Fellow. He is the past president of the Property and Environment Research Center in Bozeman, MT, and a Professor Emeritus at Montana State University where he won many teaching awards during his 25 year career.

Anderson is one of the founders of “free market environmentalism,” the idea of using markets and property rights to solve environmental problems, and in 2015 published the third edition of his co-authored book by that title. He is author or editor of 39 books, including most recently, Unlocking the Wealth of Indian Nations (2016), exploring the institutional underpinnings of American Indian reservation economies.

In addition to publishing in professional journals, Terry Anderson speaks around the world and is often featured in the popular press, including frequent editorials in the Wall Street Journal. Dr. Anderson received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington in 1972 and has been a visiting scholar at Oxford University, Basel University, Clemson University, and Cornell, and a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Canterbury.

Terry is an avid outdoorsman who enjoys fly fishing, hiking, skiing, horseback riding, and archery hunting.

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Recent Commentary


Land Of Many Uses Or No Uses?

by Terry Andersonvia Forbes
Monday, September 11, 2017

Secretary of Interior Ryan Zinke recently submitted his report to President Trump reviewing national monuments created over the past 25 years. Mr. Zinke was asked by the president to decide whether monument designations should be rescinded or reduced in size. Especially in the crosshairs of the review were Bears Ears, created by President Obama in 2017 at 1.35 million acres—half the size of Yellowstone—and Grand Staircase-Escalante, created by President Clinton in 1996 at 1.9 million acres—bigger than Glacier.


Science Supports Removing Grizzly Bear Endangered Species Protection

by Terry Andersonvia The Hill
Wednesday, September 6, 2017

It comes as no surprise that environmental groups filed a lawsuit in U.S. district court on August 29 to stop delisting of the grizzly bear as a threatened species. According to WildEarth Guardians, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s decision on July 30 to delist is “riddled with flaws, not based in science nor the law, and places this icon of all that is wild squarely in crosshairs of extinction once again.”

Analysis and Commentary

Time To End Recreation Welfare On Public Lands

by Terry Andersonvia Helena Independent Record
Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Cha-ching! That’s the sound celebrated at Sen. Jon Tester’s Last Best Outdoors Fest held in Columbia Falls recently. The theme was that Montana’s booming outdoor economy depends on our federal lands that provide hiking trails, climbing rocks, ski slopes, and scenery. According to Business for Montana Outdoors, 86,000 new service jobs were created in Montana between 2000 and 2015, but those jobs included the health care and real estate sectors, which also are booming.


Zuckerberg Meets Native American Poverty

by Terry Andersonvia The Hill
Monday, July 24, 2017

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg visited the Blackfeet Indian Reservation in Montana last weekend, and took to Facebook to shed light on how federal policies have failed Native Americans with the current state of reservation economies.

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Warning: Semantic Traps Ahead

by Terry Anderson, Kurt R. Leubevia Hoover Digest
Friday, July 7, 2017

Environmental politics is littered with language that obscures meaning and hinders good policy. 


Trump — A Conservative Conservationist

by Terry Andersonvia The Hill
Thursday, June 29, 2017

Could it be that President Trump will leave a legacy of conservative conservation? Most environmentalists would call this an oxymoron, but the two could go hand-in-glove by getting the incentives right in both the private and public sectors.


A Better Way To Preserve The Environment

by Terry Andersonvia Policyed.org
Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Many people believe government rules and regulations are the only way to protect the environment. But there are important benefits that properly structured market forces can bring to environmental policy. When the government and markets work together, it leads to effective solutions for sustainability.


Give Bears Ears To Native Americans

by Terry Andersonvia Forbes
Friday, May 19, 2017

As part of his review of national monuments, Secretary of Interior Ryan Zinke met with the Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition. The coalition’s message was articulated earlier by the Ute Tribe’s business committee: “The monument was designated in response to government-to-government discussions that honored the trust relationship between the federal government and Indian Country.


Endangered Species Should Face Same Trump Test As National Monuments

by Terry Andersonvia The Hill
Tuesday, May 9, 2017

This week, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke is touring two national monuments as part of President Trump’s April 26 executive order to review the last 20 years of national monument designations. The order gave Zinke 45 days to review monuments and determine whether any should be “rescinded, resized or modified in order to better benefit our public lands.” 

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Freedom for Indian Country

by Terry Andersonvia Hoover Digest
Monday, April 24, 2017

The federal government has long been proven unworthy of Indians’ trust. How the new administration can do better.