Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and at

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Russian Presidential Press Office

Fire Putin

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Memo to the Russian people: the great leader is actually a great liability.

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The West Has Putin in a Box But Refuses to Pull the Trigger

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Blaze
Wednesday, January 14, 2015

The Western world has yet to figure out what to do with Vladimir Putin.

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New Study On The Shooting Down Of MH17 Points To Russian Forces

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, January 12, 2015

A new study on MH17 suggests that a trained crew of regular Russian forces operating on separatist territory shot down the aircraft. But doesn’t Putin tell us there are no such forces in Ukraine? The Kremlin can never tell the truth, and international investigators aren’t willing to interrogate separatists and Russian officials who allegedly pulled the trigger even though we know their names, addresses, and in some cases telephone numbers.

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Will 2015 Be A Turning Point For Putin And His Regime?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, January 7, 2015

This year will be a tough one for Vladimir Putin as the Russian people come to better understand the huge social and economic costs of his Ukraine venture. Putin has violated his pledge of growth and prosperity.

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Russia's Natural Gas Sales Plummet: Is Russia Captive To European Buyers?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, December 24, 2014

The received wisdom is that Europe cannot offend Russia because it depends so much on Russian natural gas. We have this backwards. It should be: Russia cannot offend Europe because it depends too much on sales of natural gas sales to Europe.

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Ruble Hits New Low--Putin Can't Keep His Promise To Russian People

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Russia’s central bank waited until the early morning hours to raise its interest rate from 10.5% to a whopping 17.5% to encourage citizens to hold rubles and foreigners to buy rubles. Rather than building confidence, markets interpreted the move as panic.

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The Battle For German Public Opinion: The Russia/Ukraine Narrative

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, December 15, 2014

Putin’s propaganda machine is fighting a desperate PR battle—at home and abroad—for control of the narrative of its war against Ukraine.

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Peace In Ukraine By Appeasing Putin? Refuting The Ill-Informed Proposal

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Thursday, December 11, 2014

Two Washington policy wonks propose an appeasement policy that would doom Ukraine and give Putin a huge victory over the West, while offering no tangible benefits. Their “win-win-win” policy is based on a fundamental lack of understanding of the Kremlin.

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The Fatal Conceit of Jonathan Gruber

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Defining Ideas
Tuesday, December 9, 2014

The economist’s reliance on “science” and “expertise”—and his disdain for the common man—recall the state planners of the Soviet Union.

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Putin's New Weapon In The Ukraine Propaganda War: Internet Trolls

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Tuesday, December 9, 2014

The internet troll army’s selling of the Kremlin’s parallel universe to the Russian people and to a  skeptical Western audience is a matter of life and death for the Putin regime.  If the Russian people do not buy their story, Putin loses the high “ratings” on which his regime rests. If he cannot convince his Western audience, Europe and the United States will take actions that spoil his Novorossiya ventures and threaten his regime.  Trolling is a high stakes business that Putin takes seriously and the West must not underestimate.