Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Analysis and Commentary

If Turkey And Russia Continue Fighting, It May Threaten NATO's Existence

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Tuesday, November 24, 2015

We all knew it would happen, whether off the coast of Alaska, over the Baltic Sea, or in the Middle East. Russian President Vladimir Putin has been routinely challenging the NATO airspace for months, well before entering the Syrian conflict.

Analysis and Commentary

Russia’s Economic Stagnation

by Paul R. Gregoryvia National Review
Monday, November 23, 2015

Since the beginning of hostilities in Ukraine in February 2014, Vladimir Putin has assured the Russian people that any resulting economic hardship would be short and mild.


Russia Cooks Its Defense Books

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Politico
Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Moscow says it spends less than it does so that NATO will cut back too.

Analysis and Commentary

Putin's Syria Narrative Must Win Russian Public Opinion--But It'll Be A Hard Sell

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Vladimir Putin has embarked on Russia’s first military action outside the former Soviet Union, and he must now convince Russian people that his intervention in Syria is necessary and in Russia’s best interests. In his three previous propaganda-driven military ventures—the second Chechen war, Georgia and Crimea/East Ukraine—Putin has gained popularity. The Russian president must be counting on Syria to maintain his current ratings, an all-time high of near 90%.

AndreyKrav, iStock Editorial
Analysis and Commentary

Putin’s Foreign Legion

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Politico
Monday, October 19, 2015

Russia is shifting its little green men to Syria.

Analysis and Commentary

MH17: A Tragic Mistake Or Deliberate State Murder?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, October 14, 2015

The Dutch Safety Board has issued the results of its investigation of the cause of the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 on July 12, 2014. It concluded that a Russian-made missile brought the plane down over rebel-occupied territory in east Ukraine.


As Russia Launches Air Strikes In Syria, Obama Must Make Sure We Don't Forget Ukraine

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Vladimir Putin evoked the anti-Hitler coalition in his UN Speech. He, like any Russian, understands Hitler’s fatal blunder in opening an eastern front in June of 1941.

Analysis and Commentary

Putin’s New World Order

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Politico
Tuesday, September 29, 2015

The Russian president, far from ostracized, is the center of global attention.


On Syria, Putin Goes For His Holy Grail

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Politico
Sunday, September 27, 2015

Ahead of his meeting with Obama at UN, Russian ruler has gone from shadows of isolation to a major deal maker with the West.

Analysis and Commentary

Russia And The Separatists Aren't On The Same Page

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Friday, September 18, 2015

Vladimir Putin’s military operations have stretched Moscow’s military to its limits. Russia has mobilized forces from all parts of the Russian Federation for its southeast Ukraine operations.