Paul R. Gregory

Research Fellow

Paul Gregory is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution. He holds an endowed professorship in the Department of Economics at the University of Houston, Texas, is a research professor at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, and is emeritus chair of the International Advisory Board of the Kiev School of Economics. Gregory has held visiting teaching appointments at Moscow State University, Viadrina University, and the Free University of Berlin. He blogs on national and international economic topics at and

The holder of a PhD in economics from Harvard University, he is the author or coauthor of twelve books and more than one hundred articles on economic history, the Soviet economy, transition economies, comparative economics, and economic demography. Gregory’s economics papers have been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Economic History, and the Journal of Comparative Economics.  His most recent books are Women of the Gulag: Portraits of Five Remarkable Lives (Hoover Institution Press, 2013), Politics, Murder, and Love in Stalin's Kremlin: The Story of Nikolai Bukharin and Anna Larina (Hoover Institution Press, 2010), Lenin’s Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 2008), Terror by Quota (Yale, 2009), and The Political Economy of Stalinism (Cambridge, 2004), which won the Hewett Prize. He edited The Lost Transcripts of the Politburo (Yale, 2008), Behind the Façade of Stalin's Command Economy (Hoover, 2001), and The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag (Hoover, 2003). The work of his Hoover Soviet Archives Research Project team is summarized in "Allocation under Dictatorship: Research in Stalin's Archive" (coauthored with Hoover fellow Mark Harrison), published in the Journal of Economic Literature.

Gregory has also published The Global Economy and Its Economic Systems (Cengage, 2013) and is working with director Marianna Yarovskaya on a film documentary entitled Women of the Gulag.

Gregory also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series entitled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service. He also serves or has served on the editorial boards of Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History.

His research papers are available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

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Recent Commentary

Featured Commentary

Russia's Veto Of The MH17 UN Criminal Tribunal Is An Admission Of Guilt

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Thursday, July 30, 2015

Vladimir Putin is minimizing his losses. Yesterday, Russia vetoed the UN resolution (proposed by the four countries that suffered the greatest loss of human life) to form a Criminal Tribunal to punish those directly and indirectly responsible for the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17.

Featured Commentary

One Year After The MH17 Crash, Russia Still Hasn't Changed Its Story

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down in Ukraine one year ago—but not much (except the passage of time) has changed since then.

Featured Commentary

The Madeleine Albright Declaration: Origins Of A Kremlin Lie

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Thursday, July 16, 2015

Anti-Americanism is the foundation of Kremlin policy, the central credo of which is the United States’ intent to destroy Russia as we know it.

Featured Commentary

Europe's Harsh Deal Puts Greece Into Receivership And Avoids Contagion

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, July 13, 2015

After seeing Greece’s terms, it is doubtful that Cyprus, Portugal or Spain wish to follow in its footsteps.

Kiev, Ukraine
Featured Commentary

How Russian Lobbyists Are Manipulating American Perceptions Of The Ukraine Conflict

by Paul R. Gregoryvia The Blaze
Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Ukraine is fighting an uphill war against Russia on many fronts, including simmering hot war in east Ukraine, its uneven battle against Vladimir Putin’s propaganda machine, and its attempts to neutralize hostile Viktor Yanukovich oligarchs who are still on the loose.

Featured Commentary

The EU Has No Choice But To Cut Greece Loose

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, July 6, 2015

In the end, Sunday’s referendum wasn’t close: 60% of Greeks voted “no.” It was an in-your-face message to the country’s creditors (largely the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund) that Greece won’t be lectured on repaying debts or pension reform anymore.

Featured Commentary

EU Calls Greece's Bluff, Is Athens Going To Fold?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Thursday, July 2, 2015

The lead editorial in today’s Wall Street Journal praised Europe for finally calling Greece’s bluff, noting that European bond markets have largely shrugged off Greece’s nonpayment of its International Monetary Fund (IMF) loan. Europe appears convinced that a Greek departure from the Euro will be manageable.

Featured Commentary

Residents Of Donbass Tell Separatists To Leave: A Glimmer Of Hope?

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Wednesday, June 17, 2015

The residents of occupied Donbass have suffered death and hardship that would disappear if the separatists went away. Will they eventually, driven by desperation, use people power to rid themselves of the Russian-backed forces? If so, Russia will face a hard decision.

Featured Commentary

Deconstructing Putin's Approval Ratings: One Thousand Casualties For Every Point

by Paul R. Gregoryvia Forbes
Monday, June 8, 2015

Vladimir Putin stakes his claim to leadership on approval ratings that would be the envy of any democratic politician. Skeptics, however, question the meaning of approval ratings when a dictator appoints all political positions and ensures that rivals are distrusted by the electorate.

Kotkin's new book was available for sale after the event

Books About Stalin Everywhere In Moscow

by Paul R. Gregoryvia What Paul Gregory Is Thinking About (Blog)
Tuesday, June 2, 2015

My colleague, Marianna Yarovskaya, sent me these images of a typical Moscow bookstore. Books on Stalin are everywhere. This is part of an official campaign to glorify Stalin's image as a strong and decisive leader who was up to all challenges.