Hoover Institution Acquires Ashizawa Papers Highlighting The Hokubei Butokukai

Monday, June 4, 2018
Hokubei Butokukai

Hokubei Butokukai

Hokubei Butokukai The recently acquired Ashizawa papers highlight activities of Hokubei Butokukai (the North American Military Virtue Society), branch of the Dai Nippon Butokukai (the Great Japan Military Virtue Society) in California in the 1920s and 1930s. The North American branch was founded to train the second generation Japanese American Yamato-damashii (Japanese spirit) through martial art.

It organized study tours for Nisei to visit Japan, Korea and Manchukuo. The collection includes numerous photographs of Hokubei Butokukai activities in the United States and abroad and family gatherings and Ashizawa’s immigration records and speech manuscripts to promote emperor worship and militaristic training upon his return to Japan.


Kaoru "Kay" Ueda is Hoover's first-ever curator for the Japanese Diaspora Initiative.
Kaoru "Kay" Ueda PhD

Curator of the Japanese Diaspora Initiative

Kaoru “Kay” Ueda (B.A. Kawansei Gakuin University, MBA, University of Chicago, Ph.D., Boston University) has unique experience both in business and academic worlds.