Workers release hydrogen balloons carrying Free Europe Press literature from a location near the iron curtain

This exhibit celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of Radio Free Europe's first full schedule of broadcasting to Czechoslovakia in 1951. Four additional radio services quickly followed: to Poland, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. Radio Liberty began broadcasting to the Soviet Union in 1953. The purpose of the Radios was the same: to provide a free press for the Soviet Union and countries of Eastern Europe where the media were controlled by totalitarian governments.

For the exhibit, the Hoover Library and Archives has drawn on their stored 80,000 radio broadcasts to bring history alive. Listening stations are set up for visitors to hear sound bites from notable events from history, such as

  • John Steinbeck remembering John F. Kennedy
  • Appeals made to other nations at the UN while Soviet tanks invaded Prague
  • Ronald Reagan's broadcast to the Soviets after they shot down a Korean jet liner

In addition, photographs, papers, and other documents that reveal how the RFE/RL was able to reach its listeners despite the efforts made to disrupt their broadcasts, from jamming transmissions to murder, are on display. See this slideshow related to the exhibit.

Despite jamming, acts of terrorism, and opposition by some members of Congress, the Radios remained on the air. With the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many suggested that the Radios' mission had been successfully completed and that funding should be stopped. Others claimed that a responsible voice broadcasting to countries in which the institutions of democracy were still in their infancy required the continuation of the Radios; Congress agreed and continued funding but at a reduced level.

In 1993, Vaclav Havel, who appreciated the role of RFE/RL as well as the ironies of history, invited the Radios to relocate from Munich to Prague. They currently broadcast from the building of the former communist parliament. Corporate headquarters are in Washington, D.C.

Upcoming Events

Tuesday, June 6, 2023 4:00 PM PT
US and China Chess Pieces
A Fresh Start: Safeguarding People, Rights, And Research Amid US-China Competition
The Hoover Project on China’s Global Sharp Power, the Asian American Scholar Forum, and the Committee of 100 invite you to A Fresh Start:… Hoover Institution, Stanford University
Wednesday, June 7, 2023 5:00 PM PT
The Siberia Job | A Book Event
The Hoover Institution hosts The Siberia Job | A Book Event on Wednesday, June 7, 2022 at 5:00 pm PT. Hoover Institution, Stanford University
Thursday, June 8, 2023
Inputs to Prosperous Economies
The Hoover Institution hosts Inputs to Prosperous Economies: Spring 2023 Conference Of The Working Group on the Foundations of Long-run Prosperity on… Hoover Institution, Stanford University
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