Russian Empire


The Hoover Institution's Russian collections are among its most extensive and important. While the Russian Empire was swept away in 1917, the collections relating to it span the period from the mid-19th century through the 20th and into the 21st centuries, including the Russian Civil War and the activities of émigrés and exiles forced abroad as a result of Bolshevik rule. Among the subjects best covered are the First World War, 1917 revolution, Russian Civil War (mainly the anti-Bolshevik side) and emigration. The records of various Russian embassies, legations and missions abroad are significant for diplomatic history, as are the papers of Foreign Minister Sergei Sazonov and diplomats Mikhail Girs, V.A. Maklakov and Nikolai Bazili. The papers of Grand Duchess Kseniia Aleksandrovna and Dowager Empress Maria Fedorovna open up the world of the Romanov dynasty. Military history is also well represented in the papers of General N.N. Golovin, V.E. Flug, Dmitrii Shcherbachev and others. The Hoover Library is an excellent resource for Imperial government documents and both Imperial and émigré society

Posol'stvo In France Records

Russian Provisional Government embassy, 1916–24

Posol'stvo In The United States Records

Russian Imperial and Provisional Government embassy, 1897–1947

Missiia In Greece Records

Russian Imperial and Provisional Government diplomatic mission, 1874–1925

Missiia In Norway Records

Russian Imperial and Provisional Government diplomatic mission, 1781–1924

Legatsiia In Hesse Records

Russian legation, 1857–1913

Legatsiia In Württemberg Records

Russian legation, 1828–1904

Konsul'stvo In Breslau Records

Russian consulate, 1860–1914

Konsul'stvo In Leipzig Records

Russian consulate, 1830–1914

Sergeĭ Dmitrievich Sazonov Papers

Russian minister of foreign affairs, 1910–16

Mikhail Nikolaevich Girs Papers

White Russian diplomat

V. A. Maklakov Papers

Russian politician and diplomat; ambassador of the Provisional Government to France, 1917–24

Nikolaĭ Aleksandrovich Bazili Papers

Russian imperial diplomat

Grand Duchess Kseniia Aleksandrovna Papers

Daughter of Tsar Alexander III and sister of Nicholas II

Empress Mariia Feodorovna Letters

Consort of Alexander III

N. N. Golovin Papers

General, Russian imperial army

V. E. Flug Writings

General, Russian imperial army

Dmitriĭ Grigorevich Shcherbachev Papers

General, Russian imperial army

Holy Trinity Seminary Microfilm Collection

Collections copied from the seminary's archives

Museum Of Russian Culture Microfilm Collection

Collections copied from the museum's archives

Anatol Shmelev Hoover Headshot

Anatol Shmelev

Robert Conquest Curator for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia / Research Fellow

Anatol Shmelev is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Robert Conquest Curator for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia at Hoover’s Library & Archives, and the project archivist for its Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Collection. Shmelev’s expertise is in twentieth-c...


Date (field_news_date)
Image for The Crown Under The Hammer: Russia, Romanovs, Revolution
The Crown Under The Hammer: Russia, Romanovs, Revolution

Marking the centenary of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the exhibition The Crown under the Hammer: Russia, Romanovs, Revolution examines the political, social, and cultural upheavals that transformed Russia in the final decades of the Romanov dynasty and the first years of Soviet Communism.

October 18, 2017
Image for Double Exposure: Russia's Secret Police under the Last Tsars
Double Exposure: Russia's Secret Police under the Last Tsars

A new exhibition, Double Exposure: Russia’s Secret Police under the Last Tsars, is based on one of the most extraordinary collections held in the Hoover Library & Archives: the records of the Paris headquarters of the Russian Imperial secret police, known as the Okhrana. The Okhrana collection, consisting of once-secret files and photographs of many of the most wanted Russian revolutionaries of the early twentieth century...

October 29, 2015
Correspondence between the Russian Royal Family and American Aid Worker Donated to the Hoover Institution Archives

Historians and archivists are accustomed to saving historical records—and the memories they document—from oblivion. Seldom, however, do they find themselves in the position of saving actual historical personalities from an almost certain death. One such historian—who was later the state archivist of Delaware—found himself in precisely such a position while serving as head of the American Red Cross mission in South Russia in 1920.

December 02, 2010
Images from Russia's Last Imperial Ball Digitized by Hoover Archives

One hundred years ago the office in charge of editing Russia's state papers created a unique album, depicting as it does many of the guests at a costume ball at the Winter Palace in February 1903 to celebrate the 200th anniversary of St. Petersburg. Three hundred and ninety people attended, including sixty guardsmen. It was to be the last imperial ball in Russian history.

August 11, 2010
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Hoover Institution Press: Liberal Reform in an Illiberal Regime: The Creation of Private Property in Russia, 1906–1915, by Stephen F. Williams

The United States has a set of property laws developed over a long period.

October 18, 2006
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