Bread + Medicine: Saving Lives in a Time of Famine tells a story about the illnesses that arise when there is mass starvation. It includes depictions and discussions of human suffering, death, recovery, and aspects of medical practice in the 1920s.
Use of historic language
The names of places and things can change over the course of history. For this exhibition, the spellings and terminology in use during the early 1920s have been maintained as that is how they appear in the primary source documents on display. It is reflective of the culture and context in which the material was created.
Bread + Medicine: An Introduction
Discover the 1921 Great Famine in Soviet Russia and Ukraine and the American Relief Administration's role in saving lives.
Doctors in Famine: Diseases + the ARA
Learn about the kinds of diseases that plagued famine victims, as well as the amazing ARA doctors and their colleagues who helped contain spreading epidemics.
Relief from Disease: The ARA Medical Division at Work
Discover the planning and collaboration needed to fight a medical famine, restore sanitary conditions, and run a massive vaccination campaign.
Forgetting Lizzie Bach
Daniel Wu ('23) shares the story of the only American woman to fill a regular ARA staff position in Soviet Russia during the 1921 famine.
Olga Ovcharskaia explores American relief to Russia during the 1891–92 famine and its connections to 20th century relations.
Isadora's Bolshevik Days
Sorcha Whitley (’23) reveals why famed dancer Isadora Duncan ventured to Russia during their 1921 famine in this new digital story from Hoover Library & Archives.
A Delicate Balance in Ukraine
Danielle Healy ('23) reflects on the ARA's Ukraine relief and American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee collaboration.
America to the Starving People of Russia
Discover the ARA propaganda campaign developed in 1922 to remind Russians that American food and medicine relief were altruistic gifts to all those in need.
A True Picture of Famine and Revival
Learn about the life of American photojournalist Floyd Traynham, who created thousands of photographs documenting the 1921 famine and American relief mission during 1921–23.
Give Bread + Medicine: Maxim Gorky's Appeals
Learn how Maxim Gorky enticed the ARA to provide relief to famine stricken Soviet Russia in 1921.
Not By Bread Alone
America's Fight Against Starvation In Europe, 1919–1923.
Speakers: Mary Cox, Charles Laderman, and Bert Patenaude.
America’s Famine Relief Mission In Soviet Russia At 100
Shifting Views From Lenin To Putin
Speakers: Julia Khmelevskaia, Anatol Shmelev, Bertrand Patenaude
The Politics of Soviet Famines under Lenin and Stalin
Speakers: Norman M. Naimark, Bertrand M. Patenaude, and Amir Weiner. Moderator: Jovana Lazić Knežević.
Ukraine in Civil War and Famine, 1918–1921
Join Jeffrey Veidlinger and Norman Naimark for a conversation about events in Ukraine in the years following the 1917 Russian Revolution
America's Gift to Famine-Stricken Russia (1922)
A silent film screening with live musical accompaniment and commentary provided by Bertrand Patenaude.
Humanitarian Crisis In Sudan And The Looming Famine
A talk by Alex de Waal, a leading authority on the history of modern famine, followed by a discussion moderated by Niall Ferguson.
Exhibition at Hoover Tower
Learn about the exhibition onsite at Stanford University September 19, 2022, through April 28, 2023, and guest curated by Bert Patenaude.
Explore this curated guide to the many ARA related archival and library holdings at Hoover.
Hoover Book Club: Bread + Medicine
Listen to Bert Patenaude, in conversation with Bill Whalen, about the Hoover Institution Press book Bread + Medicine: American Famine Relief in Soviet Russia
Bread + Medicine
American Famine Relief in Soviet Russia, 1921-1923
Arriving in June 2023 is a remarkable new book from the Hoover Press authored by Hoover research fellow Bertrand M. Patenaude and scholar Joan Nabseth Stevenson. Telling the story of America's 1921–23 medical relief campaign in Soviet Russia, it is a companion publication to the Hoover Institution Library & Archives' exhibition and delves deeper into the history and science of a cardinal chapter in twentieth century humanitarian aid.