The modern school reform movement, which began with the release of A Nation at Risk, has struggled mightily for forty years to bring lasting improvement to America’s educational system. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and students’ resultant learning gaps, educators, policymakers, and the general public need to rededicate themselves as they face challenges as great or greater than those they confronted in 1983.

About the Author

Stephen L. Bowen is the executive director of the Hoover Education Success Initiative (HESI). He began his career in education as a middle and high school social studies teacher, is a former state legislator, and served as the Maine Commissioner of Education. He came to Hoover from the Council of Chief State School Officers, where he was deputy executive director.


Introduction: A Nation at Risk at Forty by Hoover Institution on Scribd

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