World War I
The Great War
The First World War demonstrated the horrors of humanity and technology on a never before seen scale. In the midst of the atrocities, Herbert Hoover, a Stanford alumnus and successful mining engineer, oversaw food relief efforts in Belgium. It was in this capacity that he was inspired to document the history of war and political change. He later reflected on this inspiration, writing, The position I held [as a relief administrator] required regular visits to several belligerent countries. It seemed to me to offer a unique opportunity to collect and preserve such records. I therefore established centers for such collections in each country and enlisted the aid of others who believed in the importance of the work.
(Sources: Freedom Betrayed introduction, by George Nash)
The Hoover Institution Established
The Hoover War Collection was established as a library and archives, cementing the Institution’s roots in history and scholarship.
Herbert Hoover conceived the idea for gathering materials on World War I while he was organizing humanitarian relief for Belgium. He began the collection in June 1919, when he was at the Paris Peace Conference advising President Wilson. The founding document of the Hoover Institution is a telegram from Herbert Hoover to Stanford president Ray Lyman Wilbur offering $50,000 for the collecting effort and instructing Wilbur to send Professor Ephraim D. Adams to Paris to begin work.
The Hoover War Library
The Hoover War Collection is renamed the Hoover War Library.
The Hoover War Library was named on the basis of the collection of primary materials related to World War I. During the course of that year, the library collected forty thousand documents that were housed in the Stanford Library.
Hoover Institution Press Established
The Hoover Institution began publishing its bibliographical series in 1926, beginning with A Catalogue of Paris Peace Conference Delegation Propaganda in the Hoover War Library. This series, which described our library and archival collections, was jointly published with Stanford University Press. The library has since accumulated more than 1.4 million documents.
"A chicken in every pot"
Herbert Hoover named Republican presidential nominee
Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis were nominated as the Republican presidential and vice-presidential candidates at the Republican National Convention in Kansas City, Missouri, in June 1928. In this silent clip from the Hoover Archives, Herbert Hoover is shown giving a campaign speech at Stanford Stadium on August 11.
1929 - 1933
Herbert Hoover's Presidency
Herbert Hoover was elected president of the United States in a landslide. The celebration was brief, however, as the stock market crashed in October of the following year. During his tenure, his popularity sunk to record lows. Over time, history has taken a more objective view, examining his struggles to restore the glory of the 1920s without sacrificing American ideals.
A New Name
The Hoover Library on War, Revolution and Peace
As the Hoover War Library's collections grew and their scope broadened, the name was changed to the Hoover Library on War, Revolution and Peace.
(Source: Peter Duignan's The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace: Seventy-Five Years of its History, 1989 (page 17)
A New Home
The plans for Hoover Tower are announced
Since the mid-1920s, Hoover and Stanford had been planning to move the Library into its own building. The Great Depression, however, made fund-raising nearly impossible; it was not until 1938 that Stanford decided $600,000 was sufficient for the building. The design, as seen here, was contracted to Arthur Brown Jr., who also designed Stanford's University Library, San Francisco City Hall, and San Francisco's Coit Tower. Construction broke ground in 1939.
World War II
The Second Global War
In the spring of 1939, Hoover, anticipating another war, sent then-library director Ralph Lutz (who had collected initial materials for the Library almost two decades earlier) to Europe, with instructions to collect materials from every totalitarian state. Thanks to Hoover's farsightedness and Lutz's dedication, the library was able to accumulate a remarkable collection of materials, documenting the horrors of the Second World War, including the Holocaust, the first use of nuclear weapons, and an estimated fifty to eighty-five million fatalities.
(Source: A Wealth of Ideas, by Bertrand Patenaude)
The Hoover Tower dedicated to the sound of ringing bells
The Hoover Tower is completed in time for Stanford University's fiftieth anniversary, and was dedicated as part of the celebration on June 20. Herbert Hoover spoke at the ceremony in front of the tower, and the carillon was played for the first time. Those bells, a gift from the Belgian-American Educational Foundation, came from the 1939 New York World's Fair where they were part of the Belgian exhibit. The bourdon (largest) bell bears the inscription For Peace Alone Do I Ring.
Libraries Are For Research
The Hoover Institution and Library on War, Revolution and Peace
The Hoover Library on War Revolution and Peace was renamed the Hoover Institution and Library on War, Revolution and Peace to reflect the growing importance of research programs.
(Source: Peter Duignan's The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace: Seventy-Five Years of its History, 1989 (page 17)
Mission of the Institution
The Hoover Institution named within Stanford University
Stanford's Board of Trustees officially establishes the Hoover Institution as "an independent institution within the frame of Stanford University."
Herbert Hoover delivers the Institution's mission statement: "This Institution supports the Constitution of the United States, its Bill of Rights and its method of representative government. Both our social and economic systems are based on private enterprise from which springs initiative and ingenuity. . . . Ours is a system where the Federal Government should undertake no governmental, social or economic action, except where local government, or the people, cannot undertake it for themselves. . . . The overall mission of this Institution is, from its records, to recall the voice of experience against the making of war, and by the study of these records and their publication, to recall man's endeavors to make and preserve peace, and to sustain for America the safeguards of the American way of life. This Institution is not, and must not be, a mere library. But with these purposes as its goal, the Institution itself must constantly and dynamically point the road to peace, to personal freedom, and to the safeguards of the American system."
W. Glenn Campbell is appointed as director of the Hoover Institution
The last directorial appointment to be approved by Herbert Hoover, whom Campbell worked directly with until Hoover's death in 1964. Campbell then oversaw the Institution's evolution from being a well-known library and archives to an internationally renowned public policy research center focused on the American principles of individual, economic, and political freedom; private enterprise; and representative government.
Open Space and Peace
Hoover Press released its first independently published book
In 1964 the Hoover Press released its first book, Open Space and Peace: A Symposium of Effects on Observation, edited by Frederick J. Ossenbeck and Patricia C. Kroeck. The Hoover Press is the publishing arm of the Hoover Institution and disseminates the intellectual work of the Hoover fellows.
End Of An Era
Herbert Hoover passed away
Herbert Hoover quietly passed away in his New York home on October 20 at age ninety following prolonged ill health.
Hoover offers research opportunities to members of the military
The Hoover Institution established the National Security Affairs Fellowship (NSAF) in 1969 which offers representatives of the US military and government agencies the opportunity to conduct independent research on topics relevant to their respective branches of government and to the practice of diplomacy. Admission to the program is based on direct nominations from each governmental branch. Learn more about our current NSAFs here.
1969 - 1974
George Shultz and Henry Kissinger served in the Nixon administration
Current Hoover distinguished fellow George P. Shultz served as secretary of labor (1969 1970), director of the Office of Management and Budget (1970 72), and secretary of the Treasury (1972 74). Current Hoover distinguished visiting fellow Henry Kissinger served as secretary of state (1973 77) in both the Nixon and the Ford administrations.
Alexander Solzhenitsyn visits Hoover
Solzhenitsyn made his first public appearance in the United States
In the late 1970s, Alexander Solzhenitsyn appeared at the Hoover Institution soon after his release from a Soviet prison. He spoke to the press in front of Hoover Tower and was made an honorary fellow. Solzhenitsyn, an eminent Russian novelist, historian, and tireless critic of Soviet totalitarianism, helped raise global awareness of the gulag and the Soviet Union's forced labor camp system. Solzhenitsyn, awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1974 but returned to Russia in 1994 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Hoover's library and archives have a collection of recordings and transcripts of his speeches, as well as some of his writings.
(Source: Aftermath from the Stanford Daily, by Bill Cooke, published on December 3, 1970; Douglas E. Kneeland [December 20, 1970],"Campuses Quiet but Not Content," New York Times.)
A Nobel Laureate
Milton Friedman received the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences
On December 10, Milton Friedman was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy."
Friedman Becomes a Fellow
Milton Friedman joined the Hoover Institution as a senior research fellow
Milton Friedman was a US economist, statistician, and writer who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades. A recipient of the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, he is known as a leader of the Chicago school of economics. He profoundly influenced the research agenda of the economics profession. A senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution from 1977 to 2006, Friedman was ranked in a survey of economists as the second most popular economist of the twentieth century after John Maynard Keynes. The Economist described him as "the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century . . . possibly of all of it." The Hoover website has several resources on Milton Friedman, including Milton and Rose Friedman: An Uncommon Couple website; his bio page, which lists his numerous publications; and several Uncommon Knowledge episodes including “Take It to the Limits: Milton Friedman on Libertarianism,” “Presidential Report Card: Milton Friedman on the State of the Union,” “Milton’s Paradise Gained: Milton Friedman’s Advice for the Next President,” “The Economy’s New Clothes: Milton Friedman on the New Economy,” “Pay It Backwards: The Federal Budget Surplus,” “The High and the Mighty: The War on Drugs,” and “Economics and War: The Economic Impact of the War on Terrorism.”
Rabushka and Hall introduced the flat tax
Alvin Rabushka and Robert Hall introduce their flat-tax plan as a proposed tax reform in the Wall Street Journal. The Hall-Rabushka reform would tax income at a constant marginal rate, would be fairer than our current system, and is simple enough to fit on a postcard. It was adopted by many Eastern European countries after the fall of the Soviet Union. The second edition of The Flat Tax is available from the Hoover Press.
1981 - 1989
George Shultz and Edwin Meese III served in the Reagan administration
Current Hoover distinguished fellow George P. Shultz served as secretary of state (1982 89). Current Hoover distinguished visiting fellow Edwin Meese III served as counselor to the president (1981-1985) and attorney general (1985 88).
Charles McLure Jr. received US Treasury Department's Exceptional Service Medal.
Milton Friedman received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
George P. Shultz received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1989 - 1993
Michael Boskin served in H. W. Bush's administration
Current senior fellow Michael J. Boskin served as chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers (1989 93).
A New Director
John Raisian named director of the Hoover Institution
John Raisian was named the successor to W. Glenn Campbell. According to the LA Times, Raisian, 40, has a Ph.D. in economics from UCLA and taught at the University of Washington and the University of Houston. He held several posts in the Ronald Reagan Administration, including director of research and technical support in the U.S. Department of Labor. He later headed a consulting firm in Los Angeles and went to Hoover in 1986 as a senior research fellow, eventually rising to second in command under Campbell.
(Source: Larry Gordon, New Director Is Named for Hoover Institution, LA Times, May 15, 1990.)
Hoover in The Economist
Hoover Institution included as top global think tank
In the December issue, The Economist magazine mentioned the Hoover Institution in a feature piece entitled The good think-tank guide, outlining the most prestigious think tanks around the world. The article declared that the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace is hard to match for sheer intellectual firepower.
(Source: The good think-tank guide: the joys of detached involvement, The Economist 21 December 1991: 49+. Biography in Context, Web, 7 February 2014.)
After the Cold War
Mikhail Gorbachev visited the Hoover Institution
Following Mikhail Gorbachev's economic and political reforms (referred to as perestroika and glasnost, respectively) in the mid-1980s, a series of internal revolutions broke the Soviet Union apart. The USSR was officially dissolved on December 25, 1991. In May 1992, Gorbachev and his wife, Raisa, visited the Hoover Archives and Stanford University as part of a two-week tour of the United States.
(Source: The good think-tank guide: the joys of detached involvement, The Economist 21 December 1991: 49+. Biography in Context, Web, 7 February 2014.)
A Nobel Laureate
On December 10, 1992, Gary Becker was awarded the Nobel Laureate Prize in Economic Sciences "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behavior and interaction, including nonmarket behavior."
Expanding the Russia Collection
End of Cold War opened opportunity to study Soviet Communist Party
The Hoover Institution signed an agreement with the Russian State Archives to microfilm twelve million pages of the Soviet Communist Party documents, with dates ranging from 1898 to 1991. More information about the available materials can be found on the Hoover website.
1993 - 2001
William Perry served in the Clinton administration
Current senior fellow William Perry served as secretary of defense (1994 97).
A Nobel Laureate
On December 10, Douglass C. North, jointly with Robert W. Fogel was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change."
The Taylor Rule
John Taylor published first paper on the Taylor Rule
Economist John Taylor published a paper explaining his eponymous rule regarding the relationship between inflation and how much the central bank changes the nominal interest rate. In 2012 his rule became a Hoover Press book entitled The Taylor Rule and the Transformation of Monetary Policy.
The first Hoover Digest is published
The inaugural issue of the Hoover Digest was published in January 1996. Hoover director John Raisian conceived the Digest as a new and important vehicle to reach out to an informed public interested in knowledge and ideas about public policy. Today you can read the Hoover Digest on the Hoover website or subscribe.
The Hoover Institution's National, Public Affairs, and Peace Fellows Programs are renamed in honor of former Hoover director W. Glenn Campbell and his wife, Rita Ricardo Campbell. The W. Glenn Campbell and Rita Ricardo Campbell National Fellows Program provides outstanding scholars in a range of disciplines with the opportunity to spend a year in residence at the Hoover Institution devoted to original research about questions of domestic and international policy
William Perry received the Presidential Medal of Freedom
A Distinguished Guest
Margaret Thatcher visited the Hoover Institution
When Honorary Fellow Margaret Thatcher visited the Hoover Institution, she gave a speech reflecting on her time in government and the need for leadership:
During my time as leader of the opposition and then as prime minister, the Hoover Institution was quite simply the world's most important institute of research into political, economic, and international affairs. Its full titlethe Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peaceand the date of its foundation, 1919, themselves remind us how much Hoover's scholars have been involved with illuminating the struggle between freedom and communism and their first cousins, capitalism and socialism. . . . Hoover's scholarship is by no means concentrated solely upon international security issues, and that is as it should be. But let us be in no doubt: the world is still a dangerous place, and it is even more dangerous when domestic concernssuch as the economy stupid'are all that encompass political discourse.
Expanding Back East
Hoover Institution established a presence in DC
To better inform policy and interact more readily with policy makers, the Hoover Institution created a branch in Washington, DC.
A Nobel Laureate
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic 2001 was awarded jointly to George A. Akerlof, A. Michael Spence, and Joseph E. Stiglitz "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information. Michael Spence would become a Hoover fellow in 2010.
Sidney Drell received the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and the US Department of Defense's Distinguished Service Medal.
Robert Conquest received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
The National Humanities Medal
Hoover Institution received the National Humanities Medal
The Hoover Institution is awarded the National Humanities Medal. Inaugurated in 1997, the medal honors individuals or groups whose work has deepened the nation's understanding of the humanities, broadened our citizens' engagement with the humanities, or helped preserve and expand Americans' access to important resources in the humanities. It is the nation's highest official award in the humanities. Hoover senior fellow Fouad Ajami was also awarded the medal this year.
2009 - 2014
Michael McFaul serves in the Obama administration
Current Hoover senior fellow Michael McFaul is served as the ambassador to the Russian Federation from 2012 to 2014 for the President Obama Administration. Before becoming ambassador, he served for three years as the special assistant to the president and senior director for Russia and Eurasian affairs at the National Security Council. Before serving in the government, McFaul served as deputy director at the Freeman Spogli Institute and director of the Center on Democracy, Development, and Rule of Law. He was also a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is now a professor of political science at Stanford University
The Hoover Institution's Johnson Center
Hoover expanded its DC presence to New York Avenue
To solidify and grow the Hoover Institution's voice on the East Coast, Hoover built a new center on New York Avenue. The new center will create an outpost for Hoover fellows in DC, promote policy research to key national audiences, and facilitate premium policy events. The Johnson Center officially opened its doors on November 4, 2013.
Uncommon Commitment Award
Peter Bedford was awarded the Hoover Institution's Uncommon Commitment Award. Only the fifth person to receive this award, Bedford was recognized as an exemplar of the power one individual can exert for a positive impact on society; for embodying the values of education, public service, leadership, and a generous spirit as effective forces for advancing the good; and for epitomizing the principles of individual, economic, and political freedom in the generation of ideas defining a free society.
Four Fed presidents and many distinguished economists participated in two panel discussions and seven paper discussions over the course of two days, with a large media presence on hand. Hoover senior fellow John B. Taylor who organized the conference stated in his opening remarks that the purpose of the conference was to put forth and discuss a set of policy recommendations that are consistent with and encourage a more rules-based policy for the Federal Reserve and would thus improve economic performance, especially in comparison with the past decade.
Inaugural Congressional Cyber Boot Camp
Two-dozen senior congressional staffers attended the inaugural cybersecurity boot camp to engage with government, academia and Silicon Valley experts who are trying to ward off cyber attacks and network crimes. The three-day boot camp integrated multiple perspectives and disciplines and provide an understanding of the underpinnings of cybersecurity and how they fit together.
A New Director
Groundbreaking For New Hoover Building
On July 7, 2015, the Hoover Institution conducted a ceremonial groundbreaking on a new 50,000-square-foot building adjacent to Hoover Tower on the Stanford University campus. Named for its primary and generous benefactors, David and Joan Traitel, the Hoover Institution's new two-story building will house on its ground floor a 400-seat auditorium named in honor of Everett Sparky Hauck and his wife, Jane, and a 440-seat dining and multipurpose room, Blount Hall, in honor of Bill Blount. Traitel, Hauck, and Blount are longtime members of the Hoover Board of Overseers, with Traitel chairing the board from 2008 to 2010. The new site will also feature a welcoming pavilion. A beautiful courtyard and open space will be named in honor of Hoover overseer Art Hall and his wife, Joanne.
Tom Gilligan Becomes Director
Thomas W. Gilligan assumed the role of the Tad and Dianne Taube Director of the Hoover Institution in September of 2015. A scholar in economics and political science, Gilligan also serves as a senior fellow at Hoover. Gilligan has had a long-standing relationship with the Hoover Institution and Stanford University serving as a Hoover national fellow in 1989-90 and a visiting faculty member at Stanford's Graduate School of Business in 1989-90 and again in 1994.
Blueprint For America Outlines Policy Road Map For 2017
The Hoover Institution Press released Blueprint for America, a road map outlining basic policies that should be priorities for the next president and Congress. Under the directive of Distinguished fellow, George P. Shultz, scholars at the Hoover Institution professors, thinkers, and practitioners of global renown in their respective fields offer a series of accessible policy ideas for a civic, economic, and security architecture to shore up the long-term foundations of American strengths.
PolicyEd Launched Inaugural Congressional Fellowship Program
Hoover's Washington office launched a new initiative, the Congressional Fellowship Program, which brings the Hill to Hoover. Like other programs for media and policy professionals, including media roundtables and policy boot camps, congressional fellows visit Hoover's Stanford University campus for a comprehensive, multiday introduction to the institution. Congressional fellows tour Hoover's campus and meet with Hoover fellows and leadership. They also participate in educational briefings from Hoover scholars about issues driving policy initiatives on Capitol Hill.
Online Collected Works Of Milton Friedman Launched
There may be no such thing as a free lunch, but thanks to the Hoover Institution's new website Collected Works of Milton Friedman, the public will be able to freely access hundreds of Milton Friedman's articles, lectures, and other works from anywhere in the world.
This new online resource features over 1,400 digital items by and about the Nobel Laureate and Hoover fellow, including every episode of the PBS seriesFree to Choose, 206 episodes of Friedman's weekly Economics Cassette Series, sound and video recordings of the lecture seriesMilton Friedman Speaks, and hundreds of Friedman's op-eds published in Newsweek and the Wall Street Journal.
A New Educational Platform PolicyEd.org Launched
The Hoover Institution launched PolicyEd.org, an online platform that hosts videos and other educational content to equip Americans with an analytical perspective about public policy issues. Based on the research of Hoover Institution scholars, the site offers solutions to today's challenges in economics, health care, national security, civics, and the environment. By translating academic material into easily understood educational programming, PolicyEd.org aims to attract a broad audience interested in learning more about policy solutions to entitlement spending, slow economic growth, the Affordable Care Act, public pensions, foreign policy, and more.
Traitel Building Opens
Jim Mattis Becomes Twenty-Sixth Secretary Of Defense
General Jim Mattis, the Davies Family Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Hoover and former commander of US Central Command, is appointed the twenty-sixth secretary of defense in the administration of President-Elect Donald Trump. The Hoover Institution applauds Mattis as he takes this opportunity to apply his extraordinary knowledge and experience in shaping national defense policy.
Inaugural Summer Policy Boot Camp
The Hoover Institution's Summer Policy Boot Camp (HISPBC) is an intensive, one week residential immersion program in the essentials of today's national and international United States policy. The program is intended to instruct college students and recent graduates on the economic, political, and social aspects of United States public policy. The goal is to teach students how to think critically about public policy formulation and its results.
Former President George W. Bush Helps Open New David And Joan Traitel Building
The opening day of Hoover's 2017 Fall Retreat featured a milestone event in Hoover's nearly hundred-year history: the dedication of the David and Joan Traitel Building. The ceremony honored the generous contributors who made possible the construction of the new facility, which transforms Hoover's capabilities for hosting policy leaders, convening scholars, and engaging with supporters. Former president George W. Bush kicked off the program in a special conversation with Hoover Institution senior fellow Condoleezza Rice.
Secretary Of State Rex Tillerson Describes The Way Forward For The United States Regarding Syria
On January 17, 2018, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson visited the Hoover Institution to outline the future of US policy in Syria and the Trump Administration's vision for stability, the return of refugees, an end to the Assad regime, and the defeat of ISIS in the country.
H.R. McMaster Named The Fouad And Michelle Ajami Senior Fellow
Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster, US Army (Ret.) is appointed the Fouad and Michelle Ajami Senior Fellow on September 1, 2018. McMaster returns to Hoover where he was a National Security Affairs Fellow from 2002 to 2003 and a Visiting Fellow from 2003 to 2017. Prior to rejoining Hoover, McMaster was the 26th Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs. He served with distinction in the United States Army for thirty-four years before retiring in June 2018.
Revisiting the 2008 Financial Crisis
Market and policy antecedents and repercussions of the 2008 Financial Crisis and the Great Recession began long before and lasted long after the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy in September 2008. A series of presentations and discussions held during the fall of 2018 delved into the causes, but also examined the actions and interventions taken during the crisis and the recession, and to draw policy lessons for the future. The Hoover Institution provided an overview of the findings at these sessions and hosted a public panel discussion "Revisiting the 2008 Financial Crisis: the Causes, the Panic, the Recession and the Lessons."
Hoover Institution Centennial
On April 22, 2019 the Hoover Institution celebrates 100 years.
Hoover Institution Marks Its Centennial
The Hoover Institution celebrated 100 years with a lecture series examining policy issues that defined America over the past century. The Institution also opened an exhibition in the Hoover Tower, Hoover@100, a showcase of documents and artifacts centered around the ideas of peace, freedom, and education—ideas that are embodied in the lives of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover and that have driven the Institution’s collecting and the work of its eminent fellows over its century.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo Defends Strike against Qassim Soleimani
On January 13, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo gave a public address in Blount Hall a little more than a week following the US drone strike that killed Qassim Soleimani, former chief of the Quds Force of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps, at the Baghdad International Airport. Pompeo defended the strike, arguing that Soleimani was the world’s deadliest terrorist since Osama bin laden.
Socialism and Free-Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project Is Launched
In February, the Hoover Institution launched the Human Prosperity Project, chaired by senior fellows Scott W. Atlas and Edward Paul Lazear, aimed at providing scholarly analysis on the arguments and outcomes produced by the world’s dominant, conflicting, and most fiercely debated economic systems: Socialism and Free-Market Capitalism. The project covers a broad range of issues, from historical perspectives and examination of current policies, such as each system’s influence on national economic growth, as well as important social imperatives including broad access to ensuring quality medical care, enacting sensible immigration policies, protecting the environment, and forging strategic international relationships. Since its creation, fellows participating in the Human Prosperity Project produced essays, participated in panel discussions, and were featured on Hoover’s educational video platform PolicyEd.
Hoover Goes Virtual during COVID-19 Pandemic
In March, the COVID-19 pandemic forced the offices of the Hoover Institution to close for eighteen months. During that period, Hoover fellows continued to produce research of the highest quality despite being physically distanced and working from home. The Hoover Institution produced all of its programs on virtual communications applications such as Zoom. It also launched online series that garnered worldwide audiences including Virtual Policy Briefings featuring fellows’ analysis on the impact of the pandemic from several different policy perspectives and GoodFellows, in which senior fellows John Cochrane, Niall Ferguson, and H.R. McMaster discuss the policy implications of current events.
Condoleezza Rice Is Named Director of the Hoover Institution
On September 1, Condoleezza Rice becomes the Tad and Dianne Taube director of the Hoover Institution. In addition to her roles as White House national security advisor and America’s 66th secretary of state, Rice has spent a great portion of her distinguished academic career at Stanford, as Hoover senior fellow, as an award winning educator, and as the university’s provost. As director of Hoover, she aligned the institution’s research priorities around issues of the highest importance, including challenges facing advanced capitalist societies; reinvigorating America’s role in the world to standup for democracy against threats posed by authoritarian regimes; revitalizing history so that citizens and leaders can think about its lessons to obstacles the nation faces in the present; recognizing that meaningful policy change can take place at the state and local level; analyzing the impacts of technology and innovation on America's economy, society, and democratic government; and understanding China’s worldview and how to confront the challenges it poses to America and global freedom.
Edward Paul Lazear Passes Away
On November 23, Edward Paul Lazear, award-winning-economist, public servant, and the Hoover Institution’s Morris Arnold and Nona Jean Cox Senior Fellow, dies at 72.
George P. Shultz Dies at 100
On February 6, Distinguished Fellow George P. Shultz dies two months after celebrating his 100th birthday. When Stanford University reopened for visitors that fall, his memorial services were held at the historic Memorial Church on-campus. In eulogies, his friends and colleagues remembered the eminent statesman’s inspirational leadership and his monumental legacy in advancing peace and freedom.
Hoover Institution Welcomes First Class of Veteran Fellows
In October, the Hoover Institution welcomed its inaugural class of veteran fellows. Each year, the program selects armed services veterans based on their demonstrated leadership and success as mid-career professionals in the private sector, as well as their commitment to the Hoover Institution’s overall mission of advancing ideas for free societies. At the conclusion of their one-year fellowship, veteran fellows submit a capstone project, in which they develop actionable solutions to policy challenges in their respective communities, including those impacting governments, businesses, workforces, schools, public health systems, and the security and safety of their fellow citizens.
Eric Hanushek Is Awarded Prestigious Yidan Prize
On September 28, Eric Hanushek, the Hoover Institution’s Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow, was awarded the Yidan Prize, the world’s most prestigious education accolade, for his pioneering research on improving the educational outcomes of students. Throughout his five-decade-long career, Hanushek's research has largely focused on the premise that K–12 education will not progress unless policy decisions are based on rigorous evaluations of student performance. Notably, he has concluded that solely increasing government expenditures to education does not directly correlate with greater student achievement.
Hoover Institution Launches the Tennenbaum Program for Fact-Based Policy
On October 27, the Hoover Institution launched the Tennenbaum Program for Fact-Based Policy. Made possible by the generosity of Suzanne (Stanford ’75) and Michael E. Tennenbaum, the program, drawing on the research of Hoover scholars who are leaders in their respective fields, assembles data on a wide range of issues, and produces analyses on how such data are being applied in policy debates and decision making.
Hoover Institution Publishes Report on China’s Launch of Digital Currency
The Hoover Institution published Digital Currencies: The US, China, and the World at a Crossroads, a new report about how the United States can respond to the growing use of the digital yuan, or e-CNY, China’s version of central bank digital currency (CBDC). The report is coedited by nationally leading economist Darrell Duffie and acclaimed China scholar Elizabeth Economy, both Hoover senior fellows. The report features several participating scholars within the Hoover community as well as other distinguished experts from various disciplines, including national security, finance, central banking, technology policy, and computer science.
Hoover Tower Illuminated in Colors of the Ukraine Flag
The Hoover Tower was illuminated in the colors of the Ukrainian flag as a show of support for the people of Ukraine. Together, Stanford University president Marc Tessier-Lavigne and Hoover Institution director Condoleezza Rice decided that it would be appropriate to have the Hoover Tower, given its historic relation to Ukraine, as a location to show solidarity with the brave men and women fighting for their country.
Hoover Hosts Inaugural Education Summit
The Hoover Institution hosted its first Education Summit featuring discussions with scholars, educators, activists, and other experts about the formulation and advancement of policies aimed at improving outcomes for American K–12 students. The idea for an education summit was conceptualized by Condoleezza Rice, who, since taking leadership of the Hoover Institution in 2020, has stressed the importance of quality education opportunities, especially in helping disadvantaged and minority youth overcome discrimination and achieve true social, political, and economic equality.
Hoover Institution Delegation Visits Taiwan Amid Security Challenges Posed by China
A delegation of thirteen Hoover Institution fellows and cooperating scholars visited the Republic of China (Taiwan) for five days of high-level meetings, which included President Tsai Ing-wen and top government officials, defense strategists, party leaders, business professionals, and public intellectuals from across the political spectrum. Delegation members reported their insights during an October webinar.
Hoover Institution Awards Winners of First Annual Distinguished Undergraduate Essay Competition
The Hoover Institution honored the winners of its first annual Distinguished Undergraduate Essay Competition during a ceremony in the Traitel Building’s welcoming pavilion. Those recognized were among high-achieving Stanford undergraduate students of various disciplines who were encouraged to submit papers written within the past year that addressed topics related to the integrity of democratic values and institutions and the impact of specific policies on the ideal of individual freedom.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken Visits the Hoover Institution
Before a full crowd of mostly students in the Hoover Institution’s Hauck Auditorium, Secretary of State Antony Blinken engaged in a conversation with his predecessor Condoleezza Rice on a broad spectrum of issues impacting the security and prosperity of the United States and likeminded partners. Issues included aggression by Russia and China against the post–Cold War security architecture and how the free world can best grapple with challenges resulting from the rapid pace of technological innovation.