Karim Haggag is a career Egyptian diplomat. Throughout his twenty-year diplomatic career, he has focused on Middle East regional security, arms control and nonproliferation, Arab-Israeli diplomacy, and counter-terrorism. He has served in the Egyptian Embassy in Washington, DC, the cabinet of the foreign minister, the Office of the Presidency, the Policy Planning Division, and as director of the Counter-terrorism Unit in the Egyptian Foreign Ministry. From 2011 to 2013 he was a visiting professor at the Near East and South Asia Center for Strategic Studies/National Defense University in Washington. He is a graduate of the American University in Cairo and holds a master’s degree in War Studies from King’s College, London. The views expressed in his chapter are his own and do not reflect the position of the Egyptian Foreign Ministry or the government of Egypt.