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Thursday, January 17, 2019

Issue 56

The Defense of Europe
Background Essay
Background Essay

European Defense

by Angelo M. Codevillavia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Europe was never a full partner in its own defense. The very question—Will Europe ever fully partner with the U.S., or will the European Union and NATO continue to downplay the necessity of military readiness?—is no longer meaningful as posed, because the political energies of Europe’s elites are absorbed as they try to fend off attacks on their legitimacy by broad sectors of their population.

Featured Commentary
Featured Commentary

NATO Renewed (Coming Soon To A Theater Of War Near You)

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Clio, the muse of history, has a fabulous sense of irony: As the human pageant unfolds, she delights in confounding our intentions and expectations. Thus, two public enemies of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (whose acronym, NATO, sounds like another Greek deity) promise to be the unwitting saviors of the alliance, rescuing it from complacency, lethargy, and diminishing relevance.

Featured Commentary

Urging More From Our NATO Allies

by Robert G. Kaufmanvia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

The United States should never expect to achieve full burden-sharing with the European members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Even in the most balanced alliances, the most powerful member will pay some premium for ensuring its credibility and effectiveness. The United States can strive plausibly to minimize but not eliminate the massive degree of free riding and strategic incoherence that has become politically untenable and strategically unwise. 

E.g., 2 / 20 / 2019
E.g., 2 / 20 / 2019
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Issue 56

The Defense of Europe

Background Essay

by Angelo M. Codevilla Thursday, January 17, 2019
article

Featured Commentary

by Ralph Peters Thursday, January 17, 2019
article
by Robert G. Kaufman Thursday, January 17, 2019
article

Related Commentary

by Angelo M. Codevilla Thursday, January 17, 2019
article
by Kori Schake Thursday, January 17, 2019
article
by Barry Strauss Thursday, January 17, 2019
article
by Bing West Thursday, January 17, 2019
article
Thursday, November 15, 2018

Issue 55

The Structure of World Power

Background Essay

by Josef Joffe Thursday, November 15, 2018
article

Featured Commentary

by Seth Cropsey Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
by Nadia Schadlow Thursday, November 15, 2018
article

Related Commentary

by Gordon G. Chang Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
by Giselle Donnelly Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
by Chris Gibson Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
interview with Victor Davis Hanson Monday, October 15, 2018
article
by Ralph Peters Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
by Miles Maochun Yu Thursday, November 15, 2018
article
Monday, October 15, 2018 Monday, October 15, 2018
news
Monday, October 15, 2018

Issue 54

Space Force and Warfare in Space

Background Essay

by John Yoo Monday, October 15, 2018
article

Featured Commentary

by Angelo M. Codevilla Monday, October 15, 2018
article
by Williamson Murray Monday, October 15, 2018
article
Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Issue 53

U.S. Engagement with Russia

Background Essay

by Ralph Peters Wednesday, September 5, 2018
article

Featured Commentary

by Chris Gibson Wednesday, September 5, 2018
article
by Thomas Donnelly Wednesday, September 5, 2018
article

Related Commentary

by Robert G. Kaufman Friday, February 15, 2019
article
by Peter R. Mansoor Wednesday, September 5, 2018
article
by Hy Rothstein Friday, February 15, 2019
article

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Related Commentary

Another Reset with Russia? Sure, If We Accept the Unacceptable.

by Hy Rothsteinvia Strategika
Friday, February 15, 2019

Any reset with Russia must first assess whether Russia’s policy interests are reconcilable with the interests of the U.S. and NATO. For President Putin and Russian elites, the collapse of the Soviet Union was the worst calamity of the 20th century. Russians have always felt a deep-seated and occasionally real sense of vulnerability from the West. For many Russians, the security dilemma is very real.

Related Commentary

Nyet to the Reset

by Robert G. Kaufmanvia Strategika
Friday, February 15, 2019

Any reset with Putin’s increasingly illiberal and expansionist Russia is a triumph of hope over experience. Unrealistic realists underestimate the importance of ideology and regime type in assessing Russia’s calculus of its ambitions and interest.

Strategika Issue 56: The Defense Of Europe

via Strategika
Friday, January 18, 2019

Strategika Issue 56 is now available online. Strategika is an online journal that analyzes ongoing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past—the efforts of the Military History Working Group of historians, analysts, and military personnel focusing on military history and contemporary conflict.

Featured Commentary

Urging More From Our NATO Allies

by Robert G. Kaufmanvia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

The United States should never expect to achieve full burden-sharing with the European members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Even in the most balanced alliances, the most powerful member will pay some premium for ensuring its credibility and effectiveness. The United States can strive plausibly to minimize but not eliminate the massive degree of free riding and strategic incoherence that has become politically untenable and strategically unwise. 

Featured Commentary

NATO Renewed (Coming Soon To A Theater Of War Near You)

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Clio, the muse of history, has a fabulous sense of irony: As the human pageant unfolds, she delights in confounding our intentions and expectations. Thus, two public enemies of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (whose acronym, NATO, sounds like another Greek deity) promise to be the unwitting saviors of the alliance, rescuing it from complacency, lethargy, and diminishing relevance.

Background Essay

European Defense

by Angelo M. Codevillavia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Europe was never a full partner in its own defense. The very question—Will Europe ever fully partner with the U.S., or will the European Union and NATO continue to downplay the necessity of military readiness?—is no longer meaningful as posed, because the political energies of Europe’s elites are absorbed as they try to fend off attacks on their legitimacy by broad sectors of their population.

Related Commentary

Europe Is Alert to the Dangers It Faces

by Kori Schakevia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

I think the question (Will Europe ever fully partner with the U.S.—or will the European Union and NATO continue to downplay the necessity of military readiness?) is lagging the reality of European acknowledgement of their military shortfalls. Europeans are no longer downplaying the necessity of military readiness.

Related Commentary

Even Amidst Change, Europe Still Relies on the U.S. for Defense

by Barry Strauss via Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

Are there circumstances in which the European Union and NATO will partner fully with the U.S.? At the moment, they don’t. In 2017, for example, only a very few European countries contributed more than 2 per cent to defense, in spite of a 2014 promise to do so. Meanwhile, the U.S. contributed more than 4 per cent.

Related Commentary

Europe Lacks the Will to Defend Itself

by Bing West via Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

The Hoover Institution at Stanford University posed this question—Will NATO Europe fully partner with the U.S., or continue to downplay military readiness? The brief answer is that the leading economic powers in Europe have moved beyond national defense into a never-never land of post-military globalism. The liminal leap into self-induced delusion assumes that major conflict will never again embroil the European continent. So there isn’t enough money for a credible military force in Europe because there is not the political will. The moral is to the physical as four to one in battle, and Europe lost the spirit to fight long ago.

Related Commentary

The European Alliance That Never Was

by Angelo M. Codevillavia Strategika
Thursday, January 17, 2019

The notion of an Atlantic alliance consisting of Europeans and Americans as full partners was once a useful fiction. Today it is a dysfunctional one, an obstacle to all sides’ understanding of what useful cooperation may yet be possible.

Pages


The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict strives to reaffirm the Hoover Institution's dedication to historical research in light of contemporary challenges, and in particular, reinvigorating the national study of military history as an asset to foster and enhance our national security. Read more.

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Strategika is an online journal that analyzes ongoing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past—the efforts of the Military History Working Group of historians, analysts, and military personnel focusing on military history and contemporary conflict.

Our board of scholars shares no ideological consensus other than a general acknowledgment that human nature is largely unchanging. Consequently, the study of past wars can offer us tragic guidance about present conflicts—a preferable approach to the more popular therapeutic assumption that contemporary efforts to ensure the perfectibility of mankind eventually will lead to eternal peace. New technologies, methodologies, and protocols come and go; the larger tactical and strategic assumptions that guide them remain mostly the same—a fact discernable only through the study of history.

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The opinions expressed in Strategika are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hoover Institution or Stanford University.