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Friday, June 3, 2022

Issue 79

Border Security
Background Essay
Background Essay

Borders and National Security

by Williamson Murrayvia Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

Attempts to address complex issues through an analysis of the past invariably run into the reality that history at best provides Delphic answers. Not surprisingly, an examination of the above question provides no simple answer or conclusion. In the end, it is also a matter of where one sits and the context of the time.

Featured Commentary
Featured Commentary

National Insecurity at the Border

by Mark Moyarvia Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

The blessings of geography, in the form of two vast oceans and two placid next-door neighbors, have shielded the American homeland from external attack for nearly the entirety of the past two centuries. For this reason, Americans have tended to view national security as something that takes place overseas.

Featured Commentary

The Erosion of Border Control and Its Threat to National Sovereignty

by Nadia Schadlowvia Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

The disaster unfolding on America’s southern border since 2020 is both a humanitarian tragedy and a threat to our national security. Hundreds of migrants have died while trying to cross the border, and federal agents have apprehended tens of thousands of unaccompanied children.

E.g., 7 / 5 / 2022
E.g., 7 / 5 / 2022
Friday, June 3, 2022

Issue 79

Border Security

Background Essay

by Williamson Murray Friday, June 3, 2022
article

Featured Commentary

by Mark Moyar Friday, June 3, 2022
article
by Nadia Schadlow Friday, June 3, 2022
article

Related Commentary

by Bing West Friday, June 3, 2022
article
Thursday, April 7, 2022

Issue 78

Ripples of Ukraine

Background Essay

by Peter R. Mansoor Thursday, April 7, 2022
article

Featured Commentary

by Bing West Thursday, April 7, 2022
article
by Barry Strauss Thursday, April 7, 2022
article

Related Commentary

by Victor Davis Hanson Thursday, March 31, 2022
article
by Victor Davis Hanson Sunday, March 13, 2022
article
interview with Stephen Kotkin Friday, March 11, 2022
article
Friday, March 4, 2022 Friday, March 4, 2022
event
Friday, April 1, 2022 Friday, April 1, 2022
news
by Jakub Grygiel Monday, March 28, 2022
article
by Niall Ferguson Sunday, April 3, 2022
article
by Jakub Grygiel Monday, March 7, 2022
article
by Jakub Grygiel Tuesday, March 29, 2022
article
by Niall Ferguson Monday, March 21, 2022
article
by Niall Ferguson Wednesday, March 9, 2022
article
interview with John H. Cochrane, Niall Ferguson, H.R. McMaster, Bill Whalen, Mike Gallagher Wednesday, March 9, 2022
video
Tuesday, February 15, 2022

Issue 77

Deterring Russia and China

Background Essay

by Ralph Peters Tuesday, February 15, 2022
article

Featured Commentary

by Gordon G. Chang Tuesday, February 15, 2022
article
by Jakub Grygiel Tuesday, February 15, 2022
article

Related Commentary

by Gordon G. Chang Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Douglas Murray Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Christopher R. O'Dea Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Ralph Peters Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Paul Rahe Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Zafiris Rossidis Monday, June 6, 2022
article
by Barry Strauss Monday, June 13, 2022
article
by John Yoo Friday, June 3, 2022
article
Thursday, December 16, 2021

Issue 76

The Costs of America's Military Interventions

Background Essay

by Williamson Murray Thursday, December 16, 2021
article

Featured Commentary

by Russell A. Berman Thursday, December 16, 2021
article
by Ambassador Paul Wolfowitz Thursday, February 17, 2022
article

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Related Commentary

Will Taiwan be a Combination of Gibraltar, Switzerland, and Singapore?

by Barry Straussvia Strategika
Monday, June 13, 2022

Deterrence depends on money, weapons, and will. The United States and its allies such as Australia, Britain, Japan, and South Korea, not to mention other regional friends like India, the Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam, have the money and the weapons to defend Taiwan. The will, however, is another matter. It would not be easy to convince the American people to fight for Taiwan’s freedom, however worthy the cause.

Related Commentary

The AUKUS Agreement and Other Variables in the Power Politics of the Indo-Pacific

by Zafiris Rossidisvia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

The United States, Britain, and Australia have announced the establishment of a new security partnership in the Indo-Pacific region that will include assistance to Australia for its acquisition of nuclear-powered submarines. Chinese aggression is on the rise, with almost daily breaches in Taiwan’s air defense zone, and there are growing fears that tensions in the South China Sea or the Taiwan Straits could escalate into a conflict.

Related Commentary

Defending Taiwan

by Paul Rahevia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

“Hide your strength, bide your time, never take the lead.” This was the advice, echoing a well-known Chinese proverb, that Deng Xiaoping was once wont to give his compatriots. It was an admonition suited to the times—the 1980s—when China was still comparatively weak, and it deserves comparison with George Washington’s well-known suggestion that his compatriots avoid “entangling alliances.” It was not an end in itself. It was a means to an end.

Related Commentary

Thucydides in Beijing

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

The recent rearmament efforts of Australia, Japan, and South Korea will have no deterrent effect, whatsoever, on Chinese calculations regarding an invasion of Taiwan: Hedgehogs do not attack a dragon, and the dragon knows it.

Related Commentary

Taiwan—Great Power Deterrence in Maritime East Asia

by Christopher R. O'Deavia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

Taiwan is in the process of being reclaimed from Western influence that began in 1582 when the passengers and crew of a deep-draft Portuguese ship run aground in the constantly shifting shallows and sandbars of the island’s western coast became the first Europeans to land on the shore of what they called “Ilha Formosa,” the beautiful island.

Related Commentary

Deterrence in East Asia

by Douglas Murrayvia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

To be effective, deterrence must create a substantive element of doubt in the mind of a potential opponent. The military capabilities he confronts must convince him that the use of his military to obtain an objective would involve unacceptable costs.

Related Commentary

Deterring a Militant—And Casualty-Adverse—China

by Gordon G. Changvia Strategika
Monday, June 6, 2022

China’s regime tells the world that no country can deter it from taking, by force if necessary, Taiwan.

Related Commentary

Keeping the Peace in the Indo-Pacific with Nuclear Weapons

by John Yoovia Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

With China rising and a wounded U.S. retrenching after the Afghanistan debacle, the Biden administration inadvertently has re-opened the question whether our closest democratic allies should develop their own nuclear deterrents in the Indo-Pacific.

Related Commentary

Borders and Accelerating Change in National Culture

by Bing Westvia Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

To inquire about the state of our national security is to assume that we are one nation. Any nation needs a common culture. Otherwise, it is not one nation. Whether America will have a common culture in 2050 is an open question.

Strategika

Strategika Issue 79: Border Security

via Strategika
Friday, June 3, 2022

Strategika Issue 79 is now available online.

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The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict strives to reaffirm the Hoover Institution's dedication to historical research in light of contemporary challenges, and in particular, reinvigorating the national study of military history as an asset to foster and enhance our national security. Read more.

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Strategika is an online journal that analyzes ongoing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past—the efforts of the Military History Working Group of historians, analysts, and military personnel focusing on military history and contemporary conflict.

Our board of scholars shares no ideological consensus other than a general acknowledgment that human nature is largely unchanging. Consequently, the study of past wars can offer us tragic guidance about present conflicts—a preferable approach to the more popular therapeutic assumption that contemporary efforts to ensure the perfectibility of mankind eventually will lead to eternal peace. New technologies, methodologies, and protocols come and go; the larger tactical and strategic assumptions that guide them remain mostly the same—a fact discernable only through the study of history.

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The opinions expressed in Strategika are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hoover Institution or Stanford University.