Defining Ideas

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What Caused Gas Prices To Jump?

by David R. Hendersonvia Defining Ideas
Thursday, June 30, 2022

A range of world actors and events share the blame for the run-up in prices.

Juneteenth And Keeping Democracy Strong

by Jendayi Frazervia Defining Ideas
Wednesday, June 29, 2022

US support for self-determination in Africa—and for election integrity at home—are also essential parts of America’s freedom tradition.

Guns, Abortion, And The Clashes Yet To Come

by Richard A. Epsteinvia Defining Ideas
Monday, June 27, 2022

Anger, politics, and rigid viewpoints often interfere with sober legal reasoning.

California’s Reparations Overreach

by Richard A. Epsteinvia Defining Ideas
Wednesday, June 22, 2022

One-sided task force report offers only further division, not healing.

Strengthening US-India Relations

by David C. Mulfordvia Defining Ideas
Wednesday, June 22, 2022

A durable relationship will be challenged—not broken—in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

What Causes Economic Growth?

by David R. Hendersonvia Defining Ideas
Thursday, June 16, 2022

Innovation, free trade, and economic freedom lift millions out of poverty and spread the wealth.

Juneteenth And The Freedom Writers

by Mimi E St Johns, Russell A. Bermanvia Defining Ideas
Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Today’s lovers of African-American liberty stand on the shoulders of literary giants.

Can Artistic Freedom Survive State Coercion?

by Richard A. Epsteinvia Defining Ideas
Monday, June 13, 2022

Confused judges take Colorado’s anti-discrimination laws where they don’t belong, violating entrepreneurs’ religious beliefs.

The Social Security Trust Funds

featuring the work of Charles Blahous, John F. Cogan, John H. Cochrane, Richard A. Epstein, Daniel Heilvia Policy Insights | A Succinct Guide to Important Policy Questions
Wednesday, June 8, 2022

In 2021, Social Security spent $57 billion more than it collected in dedicated tax revenue and interest on its trust funds. How did Social Security get here? And what can we do about it?

FERC’s Unwise Regulatory Power Play

by Richard A. Epsteinvia Defining Ideas
Monday, June 6, 2022

Novel oversight initiatives from the federal energy panel could imperil an already fragile electrical grid.


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Policy Insights | A Succinct Guide to Important Policy Questions


Policy Insights answers important policy questions by pulling together relevant op-eds, books, podcasts, and videos from Hoover fellows. Readers are given a one stop shop that guides them through big issues and points them in the direction of more Hoover resources.

The Caravan

Visit the Caravan, a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemnas of the greater Middle East.

With its distinct intellectual assets and ongoing programs of policy-oriented research, the Hoover Institution at Stanford University is a uniquely distinguished contributor to the marketplace of ideas.

Defining Ideas builds on the strength of Hoover’s research: publishing on-line the original work of Hoover fellows and affiliated scholars, as well as that of task force and working group members, whose scholarship lies within the fields of economics, history, law, and political science.

This online journal is the result of our concerted efforts to be part of America’s most important conversations, conveying to the public and to lawmakers an in-depth understanding of key public policy issues. Crucial to this effort is a commitment to develop enduring solutions for the challenges that face our nation and our world—in effect, to advance ideas defining a free society.

Throughout history, ideas have had consequences for the human condition, both beneficial and detrimental. The Hoover Institution’s working groups have been convened to promote ideas that advance freedom, peace, and prosperity. Defining Ideas is intended to illuminate the work of these groups.



While Defining Ideas welcomes comments from readers, we exercise the right to monitor the comments we receive. We will not publish comments that include obscenities, swear-words and vulgarisms; ad hominem attacks; racist expression; rudeness or discourtesy; violations of copyright; or any other transgression of taste or civility that the editors deem unpublishable on a Hoover Institution Web site. We reserve the right, also, to close down comments on a particular essay if the editors believe we have reached "saturation" point. 


The opinions expressed in Defining Ideas are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hoover Institution or Stanford University.