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Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Issue 2132

The Sahel: Local Conflicts, International Stakes
Introduction
Introduction

Sahelian Islam’s Shift Towards Salafism And Its Implications For Regional Terrorism

by Joshua Meserveyvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel region of Africa stretches east from Senegal’s Atlantic coast into Sudan, covering a vast space in which the Sahara Desert peters out southward into savannah. It is predominately Muslim, and specifically Sufi, a type of syncretic Islamic practice that emphasizes the mystical experience of God.

Featured Analysis
Featured Analysis

From The Middle East To The Sahel And Throughout Africa: How Russia Pushes Western Powers Towards The Exit

by Isabelle Lasserrevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahel, the Middle East, Afghanistan. Like an octopus, Russia has extended its tentacles to every crisis riddled corner, filling the void created by the withdrawal of Western forces. Occasionally partnering with Turkey to better share the imperial burden, Vladimir Putin has once again inserted Moscow as a major player on the international scene. To what extent can it take the place of democratic powers?

Featured Analysis

The Sahelian Matrix Of Political Violence

by Heni Nsaibia, Clionadh Raleighvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel is one of the most active conflict theatres on the African continent and has become a major node in the "Global War on Terror'' over the past twenty years. After nearly a decade of foreign military intervention through overlapping counterterrorism, stabilization, and military and security training missions, the conflict is often referred to as a ''Forever War'' alongside other Western-led military interventions in the Middle East and Africa. As military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan draw to a close, attention is increasingly shifting to Africa as the next battlefront— where the Sahel remains a key geopolitical dilemma.

Featured Analysis

Remaining Without Expanding? Examining Jihadist Insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria

by James Barnettvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Over the past twelve years, northeastern Nigeria has experienced one of the most destructive jihadist insurgencies of anywhere in the world. As many as 350,000 people have died and some five million have become displaced as a result of conflict between insurgents commonly known as Boko Haram and the Nigerian state.

Featured Analysis

France In The Sahel Is A Policeman Trying To Escape From Prison

by Michel Goyavia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

On the 10th June, 2021, President Macron announced 'the end of Operation Barkhane' in the Sahel, but he did not announce France's withdrawal from the war against Salafi-jihadist organisations in the area. This is simply a new avatar of France's military engagement in the Sahel after Nicolas Sarkozy's ‘Sahel plan’ and the start of the Special Forces' Operation Sabre in 2009, operation Serval in 2013 and operation Barkhane in 2014. 

Featured Analysis

The Sahel After Afghanistan

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel and the states bordering it are sites of significant jihadist activity that will derive considerable encouragement from the Taliban victory in Afghanistan: Islamism will be on the upswing everywhere. In the Sahel in particular, such violent extremism plays out against the backdrop of weak political structures, poor governance, intercommunal conflicts, and profound economic challenges. These are poor states with growing populations.

E.g., 10 / 22 / 2021
E.g., 10 / 22 / 2021
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Issue 2132

The Sahel: Local Conflicts, International Stakes

Introduction

by Joshua Meservey Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article

Featured Analysis

by Isabelle Lasserre Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article
by Heni Nsaibia, Clionadh Raleigh Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article
by James Barnett Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article
by Michel Goya Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, September 21, 2021
article
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Issue 2131

What To Do About Iran

Introduction

by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article

Featured Analysis

by James Jeffrey Friday, June 11, 2021
article
by Miles Maochun Yu Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by Alma Keshavarz Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by Bernard Haykel Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by Dania Koleilat Khatib Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by Robert Lieber Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by James Jay Carafano Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
by H. R. McMaster Tuesday, June 15, 2021
article
Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Issue 2130

Human Rights in the Middle East and American Foreign Policy

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article

Featured Analysis

by Wang Xiyue Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Masih Alinejad, Kambiz Foroohar Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Cole Bunzel Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Eric K. Lundberg Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Eva Savelsberg Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Samuel Tadros Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Karen Elliott House Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, March 9, 2021
article
Tuesday, December 8, 2020

Issue 2029

U.S. Policy in the Middle East: Advice to the New Administration

Introduction

by Charles Hill Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article

Featured Analysis

by Tony Badran Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article
by Michael Doran Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article
by Eric Edelman Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article
by Mohammed Alaa Ghanem Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article
by Bernard Haykel Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article
by Soner Cagaptay Wednesday, December 9, 2020
article
by Russell A. Berman Tuesday, December 8, 2020
article

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Featured Analysis

The Sahel After Afghanistan

by Russell A. Bermanvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel and the states bordering it are sites of significant jihadist activity that will derive considerable encouragement from the Taliban victory in Afghanistan: Islamism will be on the upswing everywhere. In the Sahel in particular, such violent extremism plays out against the backdrop of weak political structures, poor governance, intercommunal conflicts, and profound economic challenges. These are poor states with growing populations.

Featured Analysis

France In The Sahel Is A Policeman Trying To Escape From Prison

by Michel Goyavia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

On the 10th June, 2021, President Macron announced 'the end of Operation Barkhane' in the Sahel, but he did not announce France's withdrawal from the war against Salafi-jihadist organisations in the area. This is simply a new avatar of France's military engagement in the Sahel after Nicolas Sarkozy's ‘Sahel plan’ and the start of the Special Forces' Operation Sabre in 2009, operation Serval in 2013 and operation Barkhane in 2014. 

Featured Analysis

Remaining Without Expanding? Examining Jihadist Insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria

by James Barnettvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Over the past twelve years, northeastern Nigeria has experienced one of the most destructive jihadist insurgencies of anywhere in the world. As many as 350,000 people have died and some five million have become displaced as a result of conflict between insurgents commonly known as Boko Haram and the Nigerian state.

Featured Analysis

The Sahelian Matrix Of Political Violence

by Heni Nsaibia, Clionadh Raleighvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel is one of the most active conflict theatres on the African continent and has become a major node in the "Global War on Terror'' over the past twenty years. After nearly a decade of foreign military intervention through overlapping counterterrorism, stabilization, and military and security training missions, the conflict is often referred to as a ''Forever War'' alongside other Western-led military interventions in the Middle East and Africa. As military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan draw to a close, attention is increasingly shifting to Africa as the next battlefront— where the Sahel remains a key geopolitical dilemma.

Featured Analysis

From The Middle East To The Sahel And Throughout Africa: How Russia Pushes Western Powers Towards The Exit

by Isabelle Lasserrevia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahel, the Middle East, Afghanistan. Like an octopus, Russia has extended its tentacles to every crisis riddled corner, filling the void created by the withdrawal of Western forces. Occasionally partnering with Turkey to better share the imperial burden, Vladimir Putin has once again inserted Moscow as a major player on the international scene. To what extent can it take the place of democratic powers?

Introduction

Sahelian Islam’s Shift Towards Salafism And Its Implications For Regional Terrorism

by Joshua Meserveyvia The Caravan
Tuesday, September 21, 2021

The Sahel region of Africa stretches east from Senegal’s Atlantic coast into Sudan, covering a vast space in which the Sahara Desert peters out southward into savannah. It is predominately Muslim, and specifically Sufi, a type of syncretic Islamic practice that emphasizes the mystical experience of God.

Featured Analysis

Conciliation And Delusion: The Case For Maximum Pressure On Iran

by H. R. McMastervia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

“Anyone who will say that religion is separate from politics is a fool; he does not know Islam or politics.” -Khomeini

Featured Analysis

Four Factors Will Shape Future U.S. Policy In Middle East

by James Jay Carafanovia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

The future Middle East matters to the United States. Peace, stability and prosperity in the region impacts our vital interests. The four factors outlined here could dramatically affect the U.S. capacity to safeguard our interests in the near to mid-term.

Featured Analysis

Biden, Iran And The Middle East: A Failure To Learn

by Robert Liebervia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Yes, Iran really matters and so does the Middle East. Despite signs that the Biden administration hopes to downplay U.S engagement in the region, U.S. national interests remain at stake there.  Notwithstanding major changes and upheavals, most of these interests continue to be relevant for America’s national security and for its allies and partners. 

Featured Analysis

The Houthis, Saudi Arabia and the War in Yemen

by Bernard Haykelvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

The conflict in Yemen is poorly understood in the United States. The general view in policy and government circles is that Saudi Arabia is the principal cause of the crisis, and that if the Saudis can be made to stop their military campaign against the Houthi rebel movement, the war would end quickly. 

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The Caravan is envisaged as a periodic symposium on the contemporary dilemmas of the Greater Middle East. It will be a free and candid exchange of opinions. We shall not lack for topics of debate, for that arc of geography has contentions aplenty. It is our intention to come back with urgent topics that engage us. Caravans are full of life and animated companionship. Hence the name we chose for this endeavor.

We will draw on the membership of Hoover's Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on the Middle East and the Islamic World, and on colleagues elsewhere who work that same political and cultural landscape. Hoover senior fellow Russell Berman directs the project from which this effort originates.