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Friday, December 27, 2019

Issue 62

Is the Mediterranean Still Geo-strategically Essential?
Background Essay
Background Essay

Is The Mediterranean Still Geo-Strategically Essential?

by Barry Strauss via Strategika
Friday, December 27, 2019

The Mediterranean Sea is today, as it has always been, a crossroads. The name itself testifies to that, as it means “the sea in the middle of the earth,” a Latin term reflecting an earlier Greek belief. We know better, or do we? From Syria to Libya and on the high seas, and with outside players including China, Iran, Russia, and the United States, the Mediterranean has re-emerged of late as a cockpit of conflict. 

Featured Commentary
Featured Commentary

The Wrong Side Of The Pillars Of Hercules: The Mediterranean Just Doesn’t Matter Much Anymore

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Friday, December 27, 2019

The United States is an Atlantic and Pacific power by virtue of geography, strategic necessity, and economic opportunity. A forward defense of the far littorals—Europe and the East-Asian barrier states facing China—is the essential requirement for our security. All else is not only secondary or tertiary, but often an ill-advised and grossly costly drain on our resources.

Featured Commentary

Europe’s Mediterranean Frontier

by Angelo M. Codevillavia Strategika
Friday, December 27, 2019

The Mediterranean abruptly separates Europe’s civilization from those of Africa and the Middle East. On one side, reaching North to Scandinavia and East to the Bering Strait, some seven hundred million mostly prosperous people live according to principles derived from Judeo-Christianity, Greek philosophy, and Roman law. Their number is shrinking. 

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Strategika: “The More Wars Change, the More They Stay the Same” with Peter Mansoor

by Peter R. Mansoorvia Strategika
Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Why the Technological Revolution May Not Change Warfare as Much as We Think.

Strategika: “The Wars of the Future" with Fred Kagan

by Frederick W. Kaganvia Strategika
Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Will Irregular Warfare Counteract the Power of Conventional Arms?

Poster Collection, INT 00398, Hoover Institution Archives.
Featured Commentary

The Scramble for Nuclear Deterrence

by Williamson Murrayvia Strategika
Sunday, June 1, 2014

Given the diplomatic and strategic weaknesses that the United States and its leaders have exhibited over the past six years, it is almost inevitable that America’s allies, which exist in substantially more dangerous neighborhoods than does the United States, will seek to develop their own nuclear capabilities.

Poster Collection, INT 00491, Hoover Institution Archives.
Featured Commentary

The Risks of Expanding the Nuclear Club’s Membership

by Josiah Bunting IIIvia Strategika
Sunday, June 1, 2014

Vladimir Putin’s indifference to the bleating admonitions of Western leaders will persist. These, and the President’s pathetic warnings that have followed, have all the credibility of promising a Red Line in Damascus. 

Harold Melvin Agnew Motion Picture Film, Hoover Institution Archives.
Background Essay

A History of Nuclear Choices

by Josef Joffevia Strategika
Sunday, June 1, 2014

The question “Should more of our European or Pacific democratic allies possess nuclear weapons?” harbors two unspoken ones. First, why do nations go nuclear? Second, will America’s allies do so if U.S. security guarantees wane in this era of retraction and disarmament? A quick history of the nuclear age reveals many mixed motives and only a tenuous relationship between great-power assurances and client-power abstinence.

Related Commentary

Security and Solvency

by Kori Schakevia Orbis
Sunday, June 1, 2014

The American defense establishment has come to think of itself as the victim of complex and demanding threats, political irresponsibility and public apathy. 

Poster Collection, RU/SU 1437, Hoover Institution Archives.

Strategika: “Vladimir Putin, Murderer of Myths” with Ralph Peters

by Ralph Petersvia Strategika
Monday, May 12, 2014

Ralph Peters analyzes Vladimir Putin’s recent aggression towards Ukraine and explains how the Russian president’s actions fly in the face of many of the most cherished beliefs of western policy leaders.

Poster Collection, RU/SU 2165, Hoover Institution Archives.

Strategika: “Understanding Ukraine” with Kori Schake

by Kori Schakevia Strategika
Friday, May 9, 2014

Kori Schake explains how the history of Ukraine informs the current impasse with Russia, how the present conflict is likely to play out, and what the implications are for the future.

Poster Collection, RU/SU 2575, Hoover Institution Archives.

Strategika: “Vladimir Putin’s Ambitions” with Thomas Donnelly

by Thomas Donnellyvia Strategika
Friday, May 9, 2014

Thomas Donnelly explains why resisting Russian expansion into Ukraine is an American security interest, examines whether Vladimir Putin’s ambitions will continue to grow, and makes recommendations for an American response.

Poster Collection, INT 503, Hoover Institution Archives.

Strategika: “A Better Way in Afghanistan” with Bing West

by Bing Westvia Strategika
Friday, May 9, 2014

Bing West looks at the failures of American strategy during the war in Afghanistan — from nation-building and counterinsurgency to efforts to defeat the Taliban — and provides recommendations for what can be done to avert total disaster in the country.

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The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict strives to reaffirm the Hoover Institution's dedication to historical research in light of contemporary challenges, and in particular, reinvigorating the national study of military history as an asset to foster and enhance our national security. Read more.

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Strategika is an online journal that analyzes ongoing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past—the efforts of the Military History Working Group of historians, analysts, and military personnel focusing on military history and contemporary conflict.

Our board of scholars shares no ideological consensus other than a general acknowledgment that human nature is largely unchanging. Consequently, the study of past wars can offer us tragic guidance about present conflicts—a preferable approach to the more popular therapeutic assumption that contemporary efforts to ensure the perfectibility of mankind eventually will lead to eternal peace. New technologies, methodologies, and protocols come and go; the larger tactical and strategic assumptions that guide them remain mostly the same—a fact discernable only through the study of history.

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