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Monday, September 14, 2020

Issue 67

U.S. Troop Deployments in Germany
Background Essay
Background Essay

America—A European Power No More? Shifting Tectonics, Changing Interests, And The Shrinking Size Of U.S. Troops In Europe

by Josef Joffevia Strategika
Friday, September 11, 2020

The Trump drawdown of U.S. troops in Europe is not the end of the alliance, but part of a familiar story. America’s military presence has been contested from Week 1—make that February 4–11, 1945. At Yalta, Franklin D. Roosevelt assured Joseph Stalin that the United States would soon depart from Europe. Its troops—three million at the peak—would all be gone in two years.

Featured Commentary
Featured Commentary

Is It Wise To Pull Out And Redeploy 12,000 U.S. Troops From Germany?

by Angelo M. Codevillavia Strategika
Friday, September 11, 2020

President Trump’s decision to return the U.S 2nd Cavalry Regiment currently stationed in Germany to American soil (6,500 troops), as well as to redeploy mostly Air Force units from Germany to Italy and command headquarters to Belgium and Poland (another 5,600), will have mostly modest positive military consequences and has already benefited America diplomatically. The military consequences are modest because U.S forces in Europe have long since ceased to be potential combatants. 

Featured Commentary

Return Of Forces From Germany?

by Peter R. Mansoorvia Strategika
Friday, September 11, 2020

On September 11, 1944, a patrol led by Staff Sergeant Warner L. Holzinger of Troop B, 85th Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Armored Division, crossed the Our River from Luxembourg into Germany. Those five soldiers were the vanguard of a mighty Allied force that would within eight months conquer the Third Reich, thereby ending World War II in Europe.

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Strategika: “The Long Conflict: Why the Israeli-Palestinian Question Won’t Be Settled Anytime Soon” with Andrew Roberts

interview with Andrew Robertsvia Strategika
Friday, October 10, 2014

Why turmoil in the Middle East will likely continue for generations to come.

Poster Collection, IQ 2, Hoover Institution Archives.

Strategika: “The Quest for a Caliphate” with Edward Luttwak

by Edward N. Luttwak via Strategika
Wednesday, October 1, 2014

What historical trends inform ISIS’s pursuit of a caliphate? And what do they mean for the future of Islamism?

Related Commentary

What Israel Won in Gaza and What Diplomacy Must Now Gain

by Peter Berkowitzvia Real Clear Markets
Tuesday, September 16, 2014

TEL AVIV -- For the time being, people are going about their business. Hamas is not raining rockets down on residents here, daily ear-piercing air-raid warning sirens are not sending everyone running for cover, and the city has returned to its bustling self.

Related Commentary

The Middle East’s Maze of Alliances

by Victor Davis Hansonvia National Review Online
Thursday, September 11, 2014

Try figuring out the maze of enemies, allies, and neutrals in the Middle East.

Cairo Punch 13, Hoover Institution Library

Strategika: “Can ISIS Govern?” with Mark Moyar

by Mark Moyarvia Strategika
Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Now that the terrorist group has seized territory, can they hold it?

Cairo Punch 19, Hoover Institution Library.

Strategika: “How to Defeat ISIS” with Peter Mansoor

by Peter R. Mansoorvia Strategika
Wednesday, September 3, 2014

How do we stop the next great terrorist threat?

Featured Commentary

Military Means for Political Ends in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

by Kori Schakevia Strategika
Monday, September 1, 2014

There are many military solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; the problem is that none of them are particularly good outcomes. In fact, they are so draconian as to admit the proposition that there is no practical or sustainable solution that is solely military. That, however, is the case for most wars. Any war that stops short of killing every single member of the opposing society accepts a political solution.

Background Essay

Just the Start of an Age-Old Conflict?

by Andrew Robertsvia Strategika
Monday, September 1, 2014

In a fascinating appendix to his history of guerilla warfare, Invisible Armies, the military historian Max Boot displays an extraordinarily comprehensive database of the 443 military insurgencies that have taken place globally since 1775. The earliest of these that is still ongoing is the Kachi and Karen tribes’ struggle against Burma, which started in 1948. Second comes the FARC/ELN/EPL/M-19 narco-insurgency against the government of Colombia, which started in 1963.

Featured Commentary

Burning the Terrorist Grass

by Thomas H. Henriksenvia Strategika
Monday, September 1, 2014

Over and over, we have heard the no-military-solution shibboleth applied to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as to insurgencies or military clashes elsewhere. The sheer length of Palestinian and Arab armed hostility toward Israel superficially lends credence to the fuzzy notion that only high-minded diplomacy can dissolve the Middle East belligerency. One after another grand peace scheme, however, has failed. Yet faith remains in them rather than a military end.

Related Commentary

Sherman in Gaza

by Victor Davis Hansonvia National Review Online
Wednesday, August 20, 2014

William Tecumseh Sherman 150 years ago took Atlanta before heading out on his infamous March to the Sea to make Georgia “howl.” He remains one of the most controversial and misunderstood figures in American military history.


The Working Group on the Role of Military History in Contemporary Conflict strives to reaffirm the Hoover Institution's dedication to historical research in light of contemporary challenges, and in particular, reinvigorating the national study of military history as an asset to foster and enhance our national security. Read more.

Is there a military solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

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Strategika is an online journal that analyzes ongoing issues of national security in light of conflicts of the past—the efforts of the Military History Working Group of historians, analysts, and military personnel focusing on military history and contemporary conflict.

Our board of scholars shares no ideological consensus other than a general acknowledgment that human nature is largely unchanging. Consequently, the study of past wars can offer us tragic guidance about present conflicts—a preferable approach to the more popular therapeutic assumption that contemporary efforts to ensure the perfectibility of mankind eventually will lead to eternal peace. New technologies, methodologies, and protocols come and go; the larger tactical and strategic assumptions that guide them remain mostly the same—a fact discernable only through the study of history.

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The opinions expressed in Strategika are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hoover Institution or Stanford University.