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Military Affairs

"Inspired with Enthusiasm": Themes from the October 1 National Day Editorial

by James Mulvenonvia China Leadership Monitor
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Each year on October 1, Liberation Army Daily publishes an editorial celebrating the anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Along with similar commentary published on Army Day on August 1 and the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party on July 1, each year's National Day editorial offers a snapshot of the dominant political and military policy "lines." This article compares the text of this year's commentary with the three previous National Day messages, and assesses the implications for party-military relations and military modernization.

The Provinces

The Status and Characteristics of Foreign-Educated Returnees in the Chinese Leadership

by Cheng Livia China Leadership Monitor
Sunday, October 30, 2005

The Chinese authorities claim that they have made an effort to recruit foreign-educated returnees into all walks of life, including the political leadership. Yet do China's top leaders really trust Western-educated returnees? Can the Chinese political system genuinely open its doors to talented people returning from the outside world? This article shows that the percentage of returnees at high-levels of leadership is still very small. They usually serve in the functional areas of education such as science and technology, finance, foreign trade, and foreign affairs. Most spent only one to three years overseas, and lack solid academic credentials or broad professional experience.

Foreign Policy

Will China Become a "Responsible Stakeholder"?—The Six Party Talks, Taiwan Arms Sales, and Sino-Japanese Relations

by Thomas Christensenvia China Leadership Monitor
Sunday, October 30, 2005

In recent months, China's security policy has enjoyed significant successes. Relations with the United States have improved, particularly on issues related to North Korea. The mainland's generally relaxed approach toward Taiwan apparently has also paid dividends for Beijing by helping to solidify domestic resistance in Taipei to the purchase of weapons systems on offer from the United States since April 2001. Beijing, however, still has dangerously tense relations with Japan over disputed maritime claims that have implications for energy resource exploitation and control of sea lines of communication. These disputes, especially in the context of tensions over Japan's treatment of its wartime history, threaten to destabilize great power relations in the region and undercut China's efforts to promote itself as a power whose rise will only bring peace to East Asia.

High Hopes—and High Anxiety

by John Raisianvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Economic growth and prosperity in East Asia have proven stupendous, yet security in the region represents a perennial worry. How Washington should navigate the tricky geometry of the Asian Triangle. By John Raisian.

The False Promise of Autocratic Stability

by Michael McFaulvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, October 30, 2005

He rules Uzbekistan with an iron fist, and now he’s cozying up to Russia and China. Why it’s time for the United States to wash its hands of Islam Karimov. By Michael McFaul.

Political Reform

Chambers of Commerce in Wenzhou and the Potential Limits of "Civil Society" in China

by Joseph Fewsmithvia China Leadership Monitor
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Wenzhou is famous for its thriving private economy. Less well known is the growth of chambers of commerce and other trade associations there. These organizations are changing the structures by which China is governed and policy is made. Chambers of commerce have done much to promote quality standards within industry and maintain Wenzhou's competitiveness. Though these groups have brought about new forms of state-society accommodation, they have not challenged party rule. On the contrary, they are another manifestation of the emergence of a new political-economic elite which broadly agrees on many issues.

Analysis and Commentary

The False Promise of Autocratic Stability

by Michael McFaulvia Hoover Daily Report
Wednesday, September 14, 2005

The early strategy of engaging with Karimov's regime reaped huge short-term benefits for the United States in the immediate aftermath of September 11.

Analysis and Commentary

What Comes After 'Bretton Woods II'?

by John B. Taylorvia Wall Street Journal
Monday, August 15, 2005

The recent policy shift in China from a pegged to a flexible exchange rate regime starts a new chapter in international finance, comparable to the dramatic end of the Bretton Woods system of pegged exchange rates in 1971...

On Death Row in Japan

by Charles Lanevia Policy Review
Monday, August 1, 2005

Iwao Hakamada’s long wait

John Howard’s Australia

by Rupert Darwallvia Policy Review
Monday, August 1, 2005

A solid ally’s principled leadership

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