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Giving Peace a Chance

by Niall Fergusonvia Hoover Digest
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Can the new century prove an age of peace? Niall Ferguson considers the question by examining conflict in three of the last century’s hot spots: Bosnia, Guatemala, and Cambodia.

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Development and Democracy

by Bruce Bueno de Mesquitavia Hoover Digest
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Economic growth and democracy don’t always go hand in hand. Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and George W. Downs explain why.

Military Affairs

"Inspired with Enthusiasm": Themes from the October 1 National Day Editorial

by James Mulvenonvia China Leadership Monitor
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Each year on October 1, Liberation Army Daily publishes an editorial celebrating the anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Along with similar commentary published on Army Day on August 1 and the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party on July 1, each year's National Day editorial offers a snapshot of the dominant political and military policy "lines." This article compares the text of this year's commentary with the three previous National Day messages, and assesses the implications for party-military relations and military modernization.

Orwell’s Burmese Enigma

by Cheryl Millervia Policy Review
Monday, August 1, 2005

Cheryl Miller on Finding George Orwell in Burma by Emma Larkin

On Death Row in Japan

by Charles Lanevia Policy Review
Monday, August 1, 2005

Iwao Hakamada’s long wait

John Howard’s Australia

by Rupert Darwallvia Policy Review
Monday, August 1, 2005

A solid ally’s principled leadership

Economic Policy

Incremental Decision Making and Corporate Restructuring

by Barry Naughtonvia China Leadership Monitor
Saturday, July 30, 2005

Economic and business stories have dominated Western press attention to China in 2005, perhaps more so than in any previous year. Perceptions of a dynamic "rising China" have burst into American consciousness in an unprecedented fashion. Ironically, however, leadership decision making on economic policy in China seems to be sliding back toward a more bureaucratically dominated and less imaginative pattern. From a policymaking standpoint, there has been little significant innovation during 2005. This article reviews developments in four areas: currency revaluation, share conversion, consolidation of firms, and the new industrial policy for the steel industry. Taken together, the trends in these areas suggest a move toward cautious, incremental, and bureaucrat-dominated policymaking as well as an effort to step up the pace of corporate restructuring.

Foreign Policy

Looking Beyond the Nuclear Bluster: Recent Progress and Remaining Problems in PRC Security Policy

by Thomas Christensenvia China Leadership Monitor
Saturday, July 30, 2005

At a July press conference, PLA Major General Zhu Chenghu appeared to threaten nuclear first strikes on the United States in retaliation for American intervention in the Taiwan Strait. Predictably, General Zhu's remarks received tremendous attention in Washington and elsewhere. In addition, the Pentagon's recently released annual report on Chinese military power evoked a harsh and excessive reaction in Beijing. Unfortunately, therefore, when many Americans reflect on the past few months of U.S.-China security relations, they will think of the specter of nuclear exchanges. In general, however, Beijing's diplomacy on security issues over the same period has improved, a more basic trend that should not be overshadowed by General Zhu's bluster and Beijing's heated response to the Pentagon report.

China’s Quiet Revolution

by John B. Taylorvia Hoover Digest
Saturday, July 30, 2005

Why China’s more flexible exchange rates may be a boon to the global economy. By John B. Taylor.

Party Affairs

Hu Jintao and the Central Party Apparatus

by Alice L. Millervia China Leadership Monitor
Saturday, July 30, 2005

Nearly three years into his tenure as the top leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Hu Jintao has yet to make substantial progress in consolidating his power over the key organs of the central party apparatus. Hu's predecessor Jiang Zemin also moved cautiously and with limited success to place political subordinates into these posts at a comparable point in his tenure. Soon after consolidating his position at the top of the PRC political order, however, Jiang moved more quickly to promote his associates in the central party apparatus. Now that Hu has completed a comparable transition, he may move more assertively to do the same, especially as 2007 approaches, bringing with it the 17th Party Congress.