In 2020, with the strong presence of American, Russian, French, Greek, Turkish, Egyptian, Italian, and even German warships, the Eastern Mediterranean has become one of the most militarized seas in the world.
Three wars that Turkey is currently involved in, namely in Syria, Libya, and the South Caucasus, suggest that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s foreign policy has settled into a new phase. Erdoğan is building a “mini Empire” by—often—simultaneously fighting and power- brokering with his Russian homologue, and to this end the Eastern Mediterranean provides ample opportunities for him.
It’s about two weeks before the 2020 presidential election. According to a bipartisan report released by the Senate Intelligence Committee, Russia engaged in “an aggressive, multifaceted effort to influence, or attempt to influence, the outcome of the 2016 presidential election.” And in the words of the FBI director, Russia is engaged in “very active efforts ... to influence our election in 2020.”
Shortly after the most recent, gruesome terror attack in France, security expert Eric Delbecque said, “Freedom of expression should not live under house arrest.” A history teacher, Samuel Paty, had been stabbed and beheaded near his school for showing his middle school students caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad during a class focusing on freedom of expression.