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The Science behind Global Warming

by Thomas Gale Moorevia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

Hoover fellow Thomas Gale Moore concludes that the evidence for a coming global catastrophe is mostly . . . hot air.

Why Can’t Congress Get More Done?

by David Brady, Craig Voldenvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

The 103d Congress was controlled by Democrats. It didn’t accomplish much. The 104th Congress was controlled by Republicans. It didn’t accomplish much either. Why? Hoover fellow David W. Brady joins Hoover visiting scholar Craig Volden in explaining that there are some very good answers.

High Tech to the Pentagon: Take a Number and Stand in Line

by William J. Perryvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

For decades many of the nation’s high-tech companies were in thrall to the Pentagon for their livelihood. No more. By Hoover fellow and former U.S. secretary of defense William J. Perry.

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Why Aid to Israel Hurts . . . Israelis

by Alvin Rabushkavia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

The United States gives Israel roughly $4 billion a year. How is it used? “To bail out or prop up every money-losing socialist institution in the country.” By Hoover fellow Alvin Rabushka.

New Age Fanatics and the Upper Muddle Class

by S. Fred Singervia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

Plenty of evidence suggests that global warming is a hoax. Why does no one care? Hoover fellow S. Fred Singer explains.

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Social Security and Abracadabras

by John F. Coganvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

President Clinton stated two years ago that the era of “big government” is over. Unfortunately, no one seems to have told his budget director. Hoover fellow John F. Cogan takes a closer look at the latest budget—and doesn’t like what he sees.

The More NATO, the Better

by Peter J. Duignanvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

The Senate has now approved the Clinton administration’s proposal to expand NATO to include Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. Arguing that NATO has kept the peace for fifty years, Hoover fellow Peter Duignan votes a resounding aye. Take that, Mel Krauss (see below).

Fast Times at Annandale High

by Chris Caldwellvia Hoover Digest
Thursday, July 30, 1998

The stated goal of President Clinton’s Advisory Board on Race is to heal racial rifts. In practice, it widens them. By Hoover media fellow Christopher Caldwell.

Race, Culture, and Equality

by Thomas Sowellvia Analysis
Friday, July 17, 1998

In his remarks at the Commonwealth Club of California on June 18, 1998, Thomas Sowell discussed the conclusions he reached after spending fifteen years researching the economic and social impacts of cultural differences among peoples and nations around the world. This essay, Race, Culture, and Equality, distills the results found in the trilogy that was published during these years---Race and Culture (1994), Migrations and Cultures (1996), and Conquests and Cultures (1998).

The most obvious and inescapable finding from these years of research is that huge disparities in income and wealth have been the rule, not the exception, in countries around the world and over centuries of human history. Real income consists of outputs and these outputs have been radically different because the inputs have been radically different from peoples with different cultures.

Geography alone creates profound differences among peoples. It is not simply that such natural wealth as oil and gold are very unequally distributed around the world. More fundamentally, people themselves are different because of different levels of access to other peoples and cultures. Isolated peoples have always lagged behind those with greater access to a wider world, whether isolation has been the result of mountains, jungles, widely scattered islands or other geographic barriers.

Cities have been in the vanguard of cultural, technological and economic progress in virtually every civilization. But the geographic settings in which cities flourish are by no means equally distributed around the globe. Urbanization has been correspondingly unequally developed in different geographic regions--most prevalent among the networks of navigable waterways in Western Europe and least prevalent where such waterways are most lacking in tropical Africa.

If geography is not egalitarian, neither is demography. When the median age of Jews in the United States is 20 years older than the median age of Puerto Ricans, then there is no way that these two groups could be equally represented in jobs requiring long years of experience, in retirement homes or in sports. Even if they were identical in every other way, radically different age distributions would prevent their being equal in incomes or occupations.

Discrimination is also one of the many factors operating against equality. But even if all human beings behaved like saints toward one another, the other factors would still make equality of income and wealth virtually impossible to achieve.

Neither geography nor history can be undone but we can at least avoid artificially creating cultural isolation under glittering names like "multiculturalism."

Books

What's Gone Wrong in America's Classrooms

via Hoover Institution Press
Wednesday, July 15, 1998

These essays identify key failures in modern American education and illuminate some ways in which those in the teaching profession—and their students—can achieve higher levels of performance, making the case for content-rich education and explicit teaching.

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