Since the opening of diplomatic relations with China in 1972, the American strategy of engagement, however well intentioned, has been deeply naïve. While accepting America’s efforts to facilitate their country’s modernization, China’s leaders have worked to restrict any liberal effects on their political system. Now that China is strong, the Chinese Communist Party no longer believes that it must accommodate American concerns about its human rights record, military modernization, and foreign policy.



About the Hoover Institution Project on China's Global Sharp Power

The Hoover Institution’s project on China’s Global Sharp Power (CGSP) tracks, documents, and analyzes how China’s Communist party-state operates in the shadows to shape and control information flows, coerce governments and corporations, infiltrate and corrupt political systems, and exploit, disrupt, and debase civic institutions, particularly in open and democratic societies. Through its research and global partnerships, CGSP produces papers, lectures, conferences, workshops, publications, and web-accessible resources to educate opinion leaders and policy makers so that they may pursue diverse, balanced, and vigilant relationships with China, tailored to their circumstances.

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