Over 95 percent of international telecommunications flow via a fiber-optic undersea cable network that is increasingly vulnerable to both physical (mostly submarine-based) and cyberspace-based attacks. This essay explores both the nature of the risks to global communications and the ways to enhance the security and resilience of the undersea network. The mitigating measures considered range from the purely technological to the diplomatic.

Securing the Undersea Cable... by Hoover Institution

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