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Conclusions | How To Improve Our Schools In The Post-COVID Era

by Margaret (Macke) Raymondvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Tuesday, April 27, 2021

As the nation transitions from a public health focus in its schools to their education role, it is important to have a clear discussion of the direction and goals of America’s schools. There is no doubt that a key element of the nation’s historic strength and success has been the broad education of its citizens. But even before the pandemic there was vigorous discussion of how the schools could deal with new demands from the economy and do so in a more equitable way. The pandemic has amplified the need for picking up on this prior discussion and for making its desired improvements a reality.

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“Defend Forward” And Sovereignty

by Jack Goldsmith, Alex Loomisvia Aegis Paper Series
Thursday, April 29, 2021

This essay argues that the discrete rules articulated in the commentary accompanying Rule 4 of the Tallinn Manual 2.0 regarding state sovereignty in cyberspace do not reflect customary international law. It considers the validity of the Rule 4 commentary primarily in the context of the United States’ “defend forward” strategy for disrupting cyber threats.

Analysis and Commentary

Graduate Student Mental Health: Lessons From American Economics Departments

by Valentin Bolotnyy, Matthew Basilico, Paul Barreiravia American Economic Association
Friday, March 12, 2021

We study the mental health of graduate students at 8 top-ranked economics PhD programs in the U.S. using clinically validated surveys. We find that 24.8% experience moderate or severe symptoms of depression or anxiety—more than two times the population average.

EssaysAnalysis and Commentary

Chinese Technology Platforms Operating In The United States

by Gary P. Corn, Jennifer Daskal, Jack Goldsmith, John C. "Chris" Inglis, Paul Rosenzweig, Samm Sacks, Bruce Schneier, Alex Stamos, Vincent Stewartvia Hoover Institution Press
Thursday, February 11, 2021

The Trump administration took various steps to effectively ban TikTok, WeChat, and other Chinese-owned apps from operating in the United States, at least in their current forms. The primary justification for doing so was national security. Yet the presence of these apps and related internet platforms presents a range of risks not traditionally associated with national security, including data privacy, freedom of speech, and economic competitiveness, and potential responses raise multiple considerations. This report offers a framework for both assessing and responding to the challenges of Chinese-owned platforms operating in the United States.

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Cyberattack Attribution As Empowerment And Constraint

by Kristen E. Eichensehrvia Aegis Paper Series
Friday, January 15, 2021

When a state seeks to respond to a cyberattack, must it first attribute the attack to the perpetrator responsible? This essay explores the international and US domestic laws governing cyberattack attribution and argues that attribution to another state can bolster the US executive branch’s authority to act pursuant to its Defend Forward policy and, conversely, that the absence of attribution can place the executive on less certain legal footing.

EssaysFeatured

The Economic Impact Of A Universal Basic Income

by John F. Cogan, Daniel Heilvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Thursday, January 14, 2021

At various times throughout our nation’s history, a wave of collectivist sentiment has swept the country. These waves, born out of a deep disenchantment with current circumstances, are often characterized by a fervent, but mistaken, belief that society can be improved by subordinating the interest of the individual to centralized government control. We are experiencing such a collectivist wave today. Riding atop this populist wave is a strong sentiment that government should use its power to tax to redistribute income from rich to poor. A popular policy instrument for this redistribution is the universal basic income (UBI).

EssaysFeatured

Taxation, Individual Actions, And Economic Prosperity: A Review

by Joshua D. Rauh, Greg Kearneyvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Wednesday, January 6, 2021

A move toward socialist, government-centered economic systems in the United States, as proposed by the political left, would require a substantial increase in government resources, which could only be brought about through significant increases in tax revenue. According to data from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (figure 1), the US government spent 38 percent of GDP in 2019, placing it above countries such as Ireland (25 percent), Chile (26 percent), Korea (30 percent), and Switzerland (34 percent), but significantly below most OECD nations. The countries that top the list are France (56 percent), Finland (53 percent), and Belgium (52 percent).

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U.S. Cyber Command's First Decade

by Michael Warnervia Lawfare
Tuesday, December 8, 2020

United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) turned ten years old in 2020. It is a unique institution—a military command that operates globally in real time against determined and capable adversaries and yet never fires a shot or launches a missile. The Command comprises an amalgam of military, intelligence, and information technology capabilities that came together into its present shape more by design than by fortuitous chance. That design, however, was itself a work in progress.

Essays

Trust is the Coin of the Realm

by George P. Shultzvia Hoover Institution Press
Friday, December 11, 2020

When George Shultz first joined President Nixon's administration, Washington hand Bryce Harlow offered him a piece of advice that Secretary Shultz has carried with him to this day: “Trust is the coin of the realm.” Now, on his 100th birthday, Shultz reflects on that lesson across a century of experiences in this personal note to friends and colleagues. "When trust was in the room, whatever room that was—the family room, the schoolroom, the coach’s room, the office room, the government room, or the military room—good things happened. When trust was not in the room, good things did not happen. Everything else is details."

EssaysAnalysis and Commentary

Enter The Dragon: China’s Growing Influence In The Middle East And North Africa

by Afshin Molavivia Hoover Institution Press
Friday, December 4, 2020

The rise of China has dramatically transformed the global political and economic landscape. Managing China’s rise has become the paramount US foreign policy issue. From Rabat to Riyadh, US allies (and adversaries) across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have witnessed rapid growth in economic, commercial, and diplomatic ties with China. This paper follows Beijing’s trade and investment trail in the MENA region, exploring implications for diplomacy, security, and US regional policies.

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