Essays

Essays Icon

Filter By:

Topic

Author

Research Team

Use comma-separated ID numbers for each author

Support the Hoover Institution

Join the Hoover Institution's community of supporters in advancing ideas defining a free society.

Support Hoover

HESI Background Paper

Private School Choice Programs: What Do We Know about Their Effects on Outcomes for Disadvantaged Students?

by Patrick J. Wolfvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

This report describes the various types of private school choice programs in the United States, their motivation and growth over the past thirty years, and their programmatic effects. Major findings are that choice programs are increasingly important to the viability of a private schooling sector, which is experiencing enrollment decline; they tend to serve disadvantaged subpopulations of students; and the programs generally benefit both participants and the broader society.

Background paper for Forms of School Choice.

EssaysFeatured

Socialism vs. The American Constitutional Structure: The Advantages Of Decentralization And Federalism

by John Yoovia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Thursday, July 16, 2020

Socialism is finally getting the American honeymoon it never got in the last century. But American federalism’s division of power between a national government and fifty sovereign states makes difficult, if not impossible, the unified economic planning necessary to supplant capitalism. Decentralization of power, the Constitution’s Framers hoped, would not just promote government effectiveness but would also protect individual liberty by encouraging Washington and the states to check each other.

EssaysFeatured

The Effect Of Economic Freedom On Labor Market Efficiency And Performance

by Lee Ohanianvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Tuesday, June 16, 2020

The labor market is the centerpiece of every economy. It determines how society’s human resources are utilized, both over time and across individuals, and how much workers are compensated for their labor services. In all countries, the labor market is the largest market in the economy, with workers receiving roughly 60 percent or more of the total income that is generated by market production. An equally important issue is how well the labor market functions. The difference between a poorly functioning labor market and a well-functioning labor market can mean millions of lost jobs and billions of dollars in lost incomes.

HESI Background Paper

Answering the Call?: Explaining How States Have (or Have Not) Taken Up the ESSA Accountability Challenge

by Paul Manna, Arnold Shobervia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Monday, June 15, 2020

States have sought to exploit the flexibility that the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) provides, and in the process have retreated from strong accountability measures.

Background paper for The Past & Future of School Accountability.

HESI Background Paper

The Future of School Accountability

by David Steiner, Alanna Bjorklund-Youngvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Monday, June 15, 2020

This paper reviews the best elements of accountability plans under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and outlines an accountability 3.0 framework that would require changes to ESSA. 

Background paper for The Past & Future of School Accountability.

HESI Background Paper

Learning from the Past: School Accountability before ESSA

by Thomas S. Deevia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Monday, June 15, 2020

This paper discusses the design and evolution of school accountability in the United States, research on its effects, and implications for current policies being implemented under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).

Background paper for The Past & Future of School Accountability.

HESI Background Paper

When School Districts Let Families Choose

by Robin J. Lakevia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

This paper examines in-district and across-district school choice opportunities and provides recommendations to maximize their effectiveness and access for students most in need of options.

Background paper for Forms of School Choice.

HESI Background Paper

The National Charter School Landscape

by Anna J. Egalitevia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

This paper summarizes the national charter school landscape by comprehensively reviewing the most up-to-date national and regional enrollment statistics, discussing the contemporary social and political factors affecting sector growth, and reviewing the research literature on the short- and long-run effects of attending a charter school or having one open near your district school.

Background paper for Forms of School Choice.

HESI Background Paper

Does School Choice Make Segregation Better or Worse?

by Matthew M. Chingos, Tomas E. Monarrezvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

This paper synthesizes the best available research on the effect of school choice policies on segregation by race and ethnicity.

Background paper for Forms of School Choice.

EssaysFeatured

The Costs Of Regulation And Centralization In Health Care

by Scott W. Atlasvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Thursday, June 25, 2020

Health care is universally among the most regulated sectors. In most nations, heavy regulation of the supply of health care goods and services care is coupled with marked centralization of the payment for medical care. The United States has a far less centralized but still highly regulated system characterized by its unique private components. More than 200 million Americans, including most seniors on Medicare, use private insurance. 

Pages