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EssaysAnalysis and Commentary

Enter The Dragon: China’s Growing Influence In The Middle East And North Africa

by Afshin Molavivia Hoover Institution Press
Friday, December 4, 2020

The rise of China has dramatically transformed the global political and economic landscape. Managing China’s rise has become the paramount US foreign policy issue. From Rabat to Riyadh, US allies (and adversaries) across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have witnessed rapid growth in economic, commercial, and diplomatic ties with China. This paper follows Beijing’s trade and investment trail in the MENA region, exploring implications for diplomacy, security, and US regional policies.


The China Model: Unexceptional Exceptionalism

by Elizabeth Economyvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Friday, December 4, 2020

At the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in October 2017, CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping startled international observers by claiming that “the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see . . . blazing a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization. It offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence, and it offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing humanity.

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US Cyber Command’s First Decade

by Michael Warnervia Aegis Paper Series
Thursday, December 3, 2020

United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) has implemented the theory that advanced states must operate in cyberspace at scale using military entities. The command’s growth and progress followed debates over that vision and its refinement through offensive and defensive operations. USCYBERCOM actively influenced these debates and by 2020 had become an integral element in national defense, helping shape events and force design in both friendly and adversary nations.

HESI Policy AnalysisAnalysis and Commentary

Toward Equitable School Choice

by Paul E. Petersonvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Tuesday, December 1, 2020

For school choice to become more equitable, all parents must be allowed access to a wider selection of schools: a portfolio of options within school districts, an expanded number of charter schools, and school vouchers and tax-credit scholarships that can be used at private schools.


Political Freedom And Human Prosperity

by Larry Diamondvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Wednesday, November 18, 2020

One of the oldest and most important questions in the comparative study of nations is the impact of different economic and political systems on human prosperity. What is the secret to developmental success? Is it capitalism or socialism? Or what degree of market orientation? Democracy or dictatorship? What kind of democracy? And to complete the triangular relationship, what is the relationship between economic system and political system? Does democracy require capitalism?

HESI Policy Analysis

School Accountability—Past, Present, and Future

by Chester E. Finn Jr.via Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Thursday, November 19, 2020

Five years into implementation of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), this paper examines the past, present, and future of school accountability.

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Cyberattacks And The Constitution

by Matthew C. Waxmanvia Aegis Paper Series
Wednesday, November 11, 2020

Contrary to popular view, cyberattacks alone are rarely exercises of constitutional war powers—and they might never be. They are often instead best understood as exercises of other powers pertaining to nonwar military, foreign affairs, intelligence, and foreign commerce, for example. Although this more fine-grained, fact-specific conception of cyberattacks leaves room for broad executive leeway in some contexts, it also contains a strong constitutional basis for legislative regulation of cyber operations.

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The Budget and Tax Effects of a Federal Public Option After COVID-19

by Lanhee J. Chen, Tom Church, Daniel Heilvia Hoover Daily Report
Tuesday, October 20, 2020

A public option that follows historical trends would become the third-largest federal spending program and increase deficits by almost $800 billion over ten years. These increases are particularly problematic given the significant increases in deficits fueled by the relief packages enacted in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Commonsense Solutions To Our Civics Crisis

by David Davenportvia Analysis
Friday, October 23, 2020

What a decade this year has been.

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Due Diligence And The U.S. Defend Forward Cyber Strategy

by Eric Talbot Jensen, Sean Wattsvia Lawfare
Tuesday, October 20, 2020

As its name implies, the 2018 US Department of Defense Defend Forward strategy is principally reactive. The strategy assumes that the United States will continue to suffer harm from competitors and malign actors through cyberspace. Accordingly, it outlines US reactions in order to preempt threats, defeat ongoing harm, and deter future harm.