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COVID-19 and Future Pandemics

by Milana Boukhman Trounce, George P. Shultzvia Governance In An Emerging New World
Thursday, July 30, 2020

On April 8, 2019, we gathered around the circular table in the Annenberg Conference Room at the Hoover Institution for another discussion from our research project on Governance in an Emerging New World. This session was led by Dr. Lucy Shapiro, a professor of biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Essays

Global Engagement: Rethinking Risk In The Research Enterprise

via Hoover Institution Press
Thursday, July 30, 2020

Neither the US government nor the universities and national laboratories in the US research enterprise are adequately managing the risks posed by research engagements with foreign entities. The task is quite simply falling through the cracks. Data with which to assess the performance of current frameworks for managing foreign engagement risk, to identify their defects, and to devise proportionate fixes is consequently in short supply. Dueling narratives have filled this evidentiary vacuum, pitting some who propose incremental adjustments against others who call for far-reaching change. Without a common set of facts to anchor the debate, consensus has proven elusive. This report offers a way forward.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Essays

The Domestic Legal Framework for US Military Cyber Operations

by Robert Chesneyvia Aegis Paper Series
Wednesday, July 29, 2020

With little fanfare, Congress and the executive branch have cooperated effectively over the past decade to build a legal architecture for military cyber operations. The resulting framework is not a familiar one to most observers, especially when compared to the parallel frameworks associated with conventional military operations and with intelligence activities. Yet it is no less important and worthy of study, particularly in light of the Pentagon’s commitment to the “defend forward” operational model.

CommentaryFeatured

The Humane Side Of Capitalism

by Russ Robertsvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Thursday, July 23, 2020

A lot of people reject capitalism because they see the market process at the heart of capitalism—the decentralized, bottom-up interactions between buyers and sellers that determine prices and quantities—as fundamentally immoral. After all, say the critics, capitalism unleashes the worst of our possible motivations, and it gets things done by appealing to greed and self-interest rather than to something nobler: caring for others, say. Or love.

EssaysFeatured

Democratic Capitalism Exceeds Socialism In Economic Efficiency As Well As In Morality

by Ayaan Hirsi Alivia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

As of 2020, many Americans—particularly but not exclusively the young—remain intrigued by socialism. Indeed, a 2019 survey found that socialism is as popular as capitalism among young American adults. Well-known political figures such as Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY), and others describe themselves as “democratic socialists” and advocate tens of trillions of dollars in new spending programs along with a massive expansion of state power over citizens’ lives.

HESI Background Paper

Private School Choice Programs: What Do We Know about Their Effects on Outcomes for Disadvantaged Students?

by Patrick J. Wolfvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

This report describes the various types of private school choice programs in the United States, their motivation and growth over the past thirty years, and their programmatic effects. Major findings are that choice programs are increasingly important to the viability of a private schooling sector, which is experiencing enrollment decline; they tend to serve disadvantaged subpopulations of students; and the programs generally benefit both participants and the broader society.

Background paper for Toward Equitable School Choice.

EssaysFeatured

Socialism vs. The American Constitutional Structure: The Advantages Of Decentralization And Federalism

by John Yoovia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Thursday, July 16, 2020

Socialism is finally getting the American honeymoon it never got in the last century. But American federalism’s division of power between a national government and fifty sovereign states makes difficult, if not impossible, the unified economic planning necessary to supplant capitalism. Decentralization of power, the Constitution’s Framers hoped, would not just promote government effectiveness but would also protect individual liberty by encouraging Washington and the states to check each other.

EssaysFeatured

The Effect Of Economic Freedom On Labor Market Efficiency And Performance

by Lee Ohanianvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Tuesday, June 16, 2020

The labor market is the centerpiece of every economy. It determines how society’s human resources are utilized, both over time and across individuals, and how much workers are compensated for their labor services. In all countries, the labor market is the largest market in the economy, with workers receiving roughly 60 percent or more of the total income that is generated by market production. An equally important issue is how well the labor market functions. The difference between a poorly functioning labor market and a well-functioning labor market can mean millions of lost jobs and billions of dollars in lost incomes.

HESI Background Paper

Answering the Call?: Explaining How States Have (or Have Not) Taken Up the ESSA Accountability Challenge

by Paul Manna, Arnold Shobervia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Monday, June 15, 2020

States have sought to exploit the flexibility that the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) provides, and in the process have retreated from strong accountability measures.

Background paper for School Accountability – Past, Present, and Future.

HESI Background Paper

The Future of School Accountability

by David Steiner, Alanna Bjorklund-Youngvia Hoover Education Success Initiative | The Papers
Monday, June 15, 2020

This paper reviews the best elements of accountability plans under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and outlines an accountability 3.0 framework that would require changes to ESSA. 

Background paper for School Accountability – Past, Present, and Future.

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