The Hoover Institution hosted "Education 20/20 Speaker Series with Kay Hymowitz and Nicholas Eberstadt" on Thursday, October 11, 2018 from 12:00 PM – 2:00 PM EST.

For part two of our Education 20/20 speaker series on the purpose of K–12 education, we were joined by Kay Hymowitz and Nicholas Eberstadt as they discussed parenting, soft skills, the decline of male labor participation, and what schools can (and can’t) do about it.

Kay Hymowitz
Young people today are routinely lambasted for their low work ethic and inability to collaborate. These and other “soft skills” are often in short supply in a generation raised on high-fives, participation trophies, and a never-ending celebration of their individuality and supposedly unique talents. International studies also reveal that the child-centric approach to parenting is a distinctively American practice and particularly evident among middle- and upper-middle-class families.  

What does this mean for U.S. schools? Should classrooms adapt to embrace students coddled with inflated levels of self-esteem? Or should teachers take on the role of shaping future citizens and workers with the ability to think about others and work toward the common good?
Nicholas Eberstadt
The 2016 election illumined how many men are absent from the workforce—totally absent, not just “unemployed.” It’s not recent, though. The male exodus from the labor market has been accelerating for decades, dominated by those with high school diplomas or less. The modern information economy is an easy scapegoat, but the reality is more complex. Family structure, government subsidy programs, and mass incarceration also contribute to their disappearance. 

Education reformers and economists tout career and technical education and job training as the answers, but it’s not that easy. The solutions—if indeed they exist—are as complex as causes. And improved education may not be the silver bullet that many assume.  

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