Alma Keshavarz

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US-Iran Competition In Iraq

by Alma Keshavarzvia The Caravan Notebook
Tuesday, March 15, 2022

Iraqi politician Muqtada al-Sadr’s prominence will soon take shape following cabinet formations. Meanwhile, Iranian-backed Shia militia groups continue to challenge remaining US forces in Iraq. Since the targeted killing of Iranian Quds force commander Qassim Soleimani, these militia groups have evolved. Rising independence from Iranian control and competition among themselves are unintended consequences. US-Iran competition in Iraq is now more complex given Sadr’s unpredictability and an uncertain Iraqi future.

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Are Iraq’s Gates Opening Wider For Iran?

by Alma Keshavarzvia The Caravan
Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Iran has been a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984. Through the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Qods Force, Iran has forged relationships with like-minded militias in neighboring countries, but primarily in Iraq.

Analysis and Commentary

Arab Unity In The Middle East Can Be A Barrier To Iran’s Regional Goals

by Alma Keshavarz, Kiron K. Skinnervia The National Interest
Monday, September 14, 2020

Iraq struggled to find opportunities to expel Iranian influence, until Mustafa al-Khadimi. Since taking office in May 2020, al-Khadimi has shown promise in engaging with the United States on foreign policy issues, particularly on Iran.

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Iran’s COVID-19 Response And U.S. Policy

by Alma Keshavarzvia The Caravan
Thursday, June 4, 2020

The United States has been badly hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, but so has the Middle East. While combating the virus at home is the priority, foreign policy is entwined with the overall strategy. The Pentagon and Department of State – and other agencies – are still hard at work keeping a watchful eye on the Middle East’s response to the virus and how adversaries could potentially take advantage of the pandemic.