Amy Zegart

Davies Family Senior Fellow

Amy Zegart is the Davies Family Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, where she directs the Robert and Marion Oster National Security Affairs Fellows program. She is also a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies (FSI), professor of political science (by courtesy) at Stanford University, and a contributing editor to The Atlantic. From 2013 to 2018, she served as codirector of the Freeman Spogli Institute’s Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) and founder and codirector of the Stanford Cyber Policy Program. She previously served as the chief academic officer of the Hoover Institution.

Her areas of expertise include cybersecurity, US intelligence and foreign policy, drone warfare, and political risk. An award-winning author, she has written four books. These include Bytes, Bombs, and Spies: The Strategic Dimensions of Offensive Cyber Operations (2019) coeditor with Herb Lin; Political Risk: How Businesses and Organizations Can Anticipate Global Insecurity (2018) with Condoleezza Rice; Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and Origins of 9/11 (2007), which won the National Academy of Public Administration’s Brownlow Book Award; Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC (1999); and Eyes on Spies: Congress and the US Intelligence Community (Hoover Institution Press, 2011). She has also published in leading academic journals, including International Security, the Journal of Strategic Studies, and Political Science Quarterly.

Zegart has been featured by the National Journal as one of the ten most influential experts in intelligence reform. She served on the Clinton administration’s National Security Council staff and as a foreign policy adviser to the Bush‑Cheney 2000 presidential campaign. She has also testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee; provided training to the US Marine Corps; and advised officials on intelligence, homeland security, and cybersecurity matters. Her commentary has been featured on national television networks, NPR, the New York TimesWall Street Journal, and elsewhere. Before her academic career, Zegart spent three years as a McKinsey & Company management consultant advising leading companies on strategy and organizational effectiveness. She came to Stanford from UCLA, where she was a professor of public policy in the Luskin School of Public Affairs.  

She has won two UCLA teaching awards, the American Political Science Association’s Leonard D. White Dissertation Award, and grants from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Hewlett Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the National Science Foundation.

Zegart’s public service includes serving on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation, the FBI Intelligence Analysts Association National Advisory Board, the Los Angeles Police Department’s Counter‑Terrorism and Community Police Advisory Board, the National Academies of Science Panel to Improve Intelligence Analysis, and the Social Science Research Council Task Force on Securing Knowledge. A former Fulbright Scholar, she received an A.B. in East Asian studies magna cum laude from Harvard University and an M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University. She serves on the board of directors of Kratos Defense & Security Solutions (KTOS) and the Capital Group. She is a native of Louisville, Kentucky.

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Recent Commentary

Weak, In Review

by Amy Zegartvia Hoover Digest
Friday, June 19, 2015

When the Cold War ended, strategists became distracted by the dangers of the “weak state.” Powerful adversaries used the opportunity to grow even more powerful.

Blank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

Tomorrow's National Security Landscape

by Amy Zegartvia Defining Ideas
Tuesday, May 26, 2015

There are four key areas of threat to which the United States should respond. 

Analysis and Commentary

Additional Thoughts On The DNI’s Annual Threat Assessment

by Amy Zegartvia Lawfare
Monday, March 2, 2015

Jack gave a terrific rapid reaction to the DNI’s 2015 annual threat assessment, delivered last Thursday. Here, I wanted to add a few more brief thoughts comparing this assessment to previous ones.

Analysis and Commentary

Stop Drinking The Weak Sauce

by Amy Zegartvia Foreign Policy
Monday, February 23, 2015

Washington’s paranoia over weak and failing states is distracting it from the real national security threats looming on the horizon.

Department of Defense

China Rising

by Amy Zegartvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, January 28, 2015

But what is it rising toward, and how fast? For American leaders, the uncertainty itself poses a challenge.

CIA Headquarters
Analysis and Commentary

Let the C.I.A. Do What It Is Supposed to Do

by Amy Zegartvia New York Times
Monday, December 22, 2014

From its inception in 1947, the C.I.A. was designed with one overriding mission: preventing strategic surprise. Its controversial interrogation program is just the latest symptom of a larger disease, the tyranny of the current.

Grand Illusions

by Amy Zegartvia Hoover Digest
Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Grand strategy in this fast-moving, multipolar world remains important—but it seems increasingly out of reach.

US-China Relations
Analysis and Commentary

Should the US Be Bullish or Bearish on China’s Rise?

by Amy Zegartvia The American Interest
Friday, June 20, 2014

Stories about the “rise of China” were the most widely read news items of the twenty-first century, garnering more attention than 9/11, the Arab Spring, the death of Osama bin Laden, or the British Royal wedding.

Bringing The NSA In From The Cold

Bringing the NSA in from the Cold

by Amy Zegart, Marshall Erwinvia Hoover Digest
Monday, April 21, 2014

Americans need to be convinced the secret agency is working for their good—and that any privacy trade-offs are worth it.

Barack Obama
Analysis and Commentary

The Shortsighted Presidency (Registration Required)

by Amy Zegartvia
Wednesday, February 19, 2014

America's foreign policy is now trending on Twitter.