Andrew Roberts

Roger and Martha Mertz Visiting Fellow

Andrew Roberts is the Roger and Martha Mertz Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution. Professor Andrew Roberts took a first in modern history from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, from where he is an Honorary Senior Scholar and PhD. His biography of Winston Churchill’s foreign secretary Lord Halifax, The Holy Fox, was published in 1991 and was followed by Eminent Churchillians; Salisbury: Victorian Titan (which won the Wolfson Prize and the James Stern Silver Pen Award), Napoleon and Wellington; Hitler and Churchill: Secrets of Leadership; Waterloo: Napoleon’s Last Gamble; A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Since 1900 (which won the US Intercollegiate Studies Institute Book Award), and Masters and Commanders: How Four Titans Won the War in the West, 1941–45, which was shortlisted for the Duke of Westminster’s Gold Medal and the British Army Book Award.

Professor Roberts has edited What Might Have Been, a collection of twelve counterfactual essays by historians; The Art of War, two volumes of essays by forty historians; and The Correspondence of Benjamin Disraeli and Mrs Sarah Brydges Wylliams. His book, The Storm of War: A New History of the Second World War (2009) reached number two on the Sunday Times bestseller list, and Napoleon the Great won the Los Angeles Times Biography Prize, the Grand Prix of the Fondation Napoléon, and became a New York Times bestseller. He won the Bradley Prize in 2016. His biography of Winston Churchill, Churchill: Walking with Destiny, was published by Penguin in November 2018.

Professor Roberts is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and of the Royal Historical Society; an honorary Doctor of Humane Literature; a Trustee of the Margaret Thatcher Archive Trust and of the National Portrait Gallery; chairman of the Guggenheim-Lehrman Military Book Prize; the Lehrman Institute Distinguished Fellow at the New-York Historical Society; and a visiting professor of the War Studies Department of King’s College, London. He reviews history books for over a dozen newspapers and periodicals. His website can be found at

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Defending Taiwan

by Andrew Robertsvia Strategika
Wednesday, June 30, 2021

In retrospect, the Reagan Administration made one of its very rare foreign policy errors when it forced Taiwan to abandon its nuclear weapons program in 1988. If Taiwan today had the capacity to threaten devastating retaliation against Beijing for an invasion, we would not even be having this debate.

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Andrew Roberts: ‘History Will Look Very Fondly’ On Prince Philip, Commentator Says

interview with Andrew Robertsvia TODAY
Friday, April 9, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Andrew Roberts remembers the life of Prince Philip after his death at 99 years old and his portrayal in “The Crown” compared to the man he really was.

Analysis and Commentary

Where Do The Royal Family And The Sussexes Go From Here?

by Andrew Robertsvia Politico
Thursday, March 11, 2021

Princess Diana or Wallis Simpson? The fallout of Harry and Meghan’s mega interview recalls previous palace scandals.

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Questions Remain At A Mass Grave In Holland

by Andrew Robertsvia Military History in the News
Monday, February 22, 2021

The discovery of a mass grave of 81 British soldiers from the War of the First Coalition in Holland has focused attention on a conflict that seems to contradict some of what is assumed about coalition warfare, and poses a central question about the early days of the Revolutionary Wars of 1792-97: Why did the Allies do so badly against the French in the Netherlands?

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Is Nord Stream 2 Penance For World War II?

by Andrew Robertsvia Military History in the News
Wednesday, February 17, 2021

Military history burst onto the news last week with the statement of President Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany justifying the controversial Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline from Russia to Germany as an apology for Operation Barbarossa, Hitler’s invasion of the USSR in 1941.

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Who Was The Warrior King At Sutton Hoo?

by Andrew Robertsvia Military History in the News
Tuesday, February 9, 2021

The newly-released movie The Dig starring Ralph Fiennes and Carey Mulligan, based on the superb novel of the same name by John Preston, has focussed attention on one of the great mysteries of Anglo-Saxon history: who was the great warrior who was buried in his warship under the mound at Sutton Hoo?

In the News

Winston Churchill Harnessed His Many Mistakes Into Victory

quoting Andrew Robertsvia Investor's Business Daily
Thursday, February 4, 2021

Winston Churchill wasn't perfect — he stumbled many times as Britain's leader. But he used missteps to help him avoid errors in the future — making him a model of bouncing back.

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The Puzzle Of Rome’s Lost Legion

by Andrew Robertsvia Military History in the News
Monday, February 1, 2021

One of the great mysteries of history has re-emerged this week: the fate of the Roman Ninth Legion (Legio IX Hispana), which seemingly disappeared around AD 108, never to be seen or heard of again.

Related Commentary

Balancing Interests and Fears

by Andrew Robertsvia Strategika
Thursday, January 28, 2021

History suggests that no two nations’ relations ever deteriorate so much that it becomes impossible to find common ground if both perceive that a third nation’s ambitions threatens them more. Examples abound, but the classic is Britain’s instant alliance with the USSR the moment that Adolf Hitler invaded Russia in June 1941.

At Home in the Anglosphere

by Andrew Robertsvia Hoover Digest
Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Post-Brexit Britain need not go it alone. A new federation with Canada, Australia, and New Zealand would create an economic superpower, an ally for the United States, and a bulwark against China.