Brett Carter is a fellow at the Center for Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law at Stanford University, and a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He employs a range of research methods -- formal, qualitative, quantitative, and computational -- to define the new challenges confronting Africa's post-Cold War autocrats and how they are learning to survive. He received a Ph.D. in Political Science from Harvard University in 2014, where he was also a Graduate Fellow at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies. Brett received an A.M. from Harvard University, an A.M. from the University of Chicago, and a B.A. from the Virginia Military Institute. He was a Fulbright scholar in Senegal, taught at the University of Malawi, worked for a humanitarian NGO in northern Ethiopia, and has consulted for the United States Agency for International Development, World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, and the Naval Postgraduate School. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the United States Institute of Peace, the Social Science Research Council, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.