Caroline M. Hoxby

Senior Fellow
Research Team: 

Caroline M. Hoxby is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education. She is the Scott & Donya Bommer Professor of Economics at Stanford University and the director of the Economics of Education Program for the National Bureau of Economic Research. She also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences.

Hoxby's research has received numerous awards, including a Carnegie Fellowship, a John M. Olin Fellowship, a National Tax Association Award, and a major grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Development. She is the recipient of the 2006 Thomas J. Fordham Prize for Distinguished Scholarship.

She has written extensively on educational choice and related issues. She is the editor of How the Financial Crisis and Great Recession Affected Higher Education (University of Chicago Press, 2015), The Economic Analysis of School Choice (University of Chicago Press, 2002), and College Choices (University of Chicago Press, 2004). Some of her published articles include "Does Competition among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers?" (American Economic Review, 2000), "Not All School Finance Equalizations Are Created Equal" (Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2001), and "How Teachers' Unions Affect Education Production" (Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1996).

Other articles written by Hoxby include "The Effects of School Choice on Curriculum and Atmosphere" (in Earning and Learning: How Schools Matter), "The Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement" (Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1999), and "Evidence on Private School Vouchers: Effects on Schools and Students" (in Performance Based Approaches to School Reform).

Hoxby, who was the subject of a feature article in The New Yorker, has an undergraduate degree, a master's degree, and a doctorate in economics. She earned her master's degree in 1990 from the University of Oxford, which she attended on a Rhodes Scholarship, and her doctorate in 1994 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Recent Commentary


Advanced Cognitive Skill Deserts In The US: Their Likely Causes And Implications

by Caroline M. Hoxbyvia Brookings Institution
Wednesday, March 24, 2021

Middle schoolers in U.S. counties where fewer adults have advanced cognitive skills seem less likely to develop advanced skills themselves, according to a paper to be presented at a Brookings Papers on Economic Activity conference on March 25.


Stanford’s Prof. Caroline Hoxby On Charter Schools, K-12 Ed Reform, & Global Competitiveness

interview with Caroline M. Hoxbyvia Ricochet
Wednesday, December 2, 2020

Hoover Institution fellow Caroline Hoxby shares what inspired her interest in charter schools, school choice, social mobility, and the major lessons she has learned about K-12 education policymaking in the U.S. throughout her career.


Caroline Hoxby: Should We Defund The Police? A New Capitalisn’t Reading List

interview with Caroline M. Hoxbyvia ProMarket
Sunday, June 21, 2020

Hoover Institution fellow Caroline Hoxby joins a panel discussion concerning the relationship between Black Americans and the police, and what can be done to improve those relationships.


Caroline Hoxby: Should Students Gamble On College This Fall?

interview with Caroline M. Hoxbyvia MPR News
Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Hoover Institution fellow Caroline Hoxby discusses whether students should reconsider how much they spend on a college education especially if all of their classes are online.

In the News

How To Prevent Wealth From Predetermining Admissions

quoting Caroline M. Hoxbyvia Campus Times
Sunday, March 24, 2019

It’s been hard to avoid the recent college admissions scandals, in which many rich and famous parents tried to buy their children spots at elite universities. This involved mail fraud and bribing athletic coaches and standardized test proctors, sometimes to the tune of hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In the News

Our School System May Be One Of The Worst, But That Makes It Easier To Improve

quoting Caroline M. Hoxbyvia The Telegraph
Tuesday, March 19, 2019

By learning from the world's best, we can go far — unless we believe that all that is best was invented in India.

In the News

Should Governments Offer Subsidies To Attract Businesses?

quoting Caroline M. Hoxby, Kenneth L. Juddvia Chicago Booth Review
Thursday, February 28, 2019

When Amazon announced in 2017 that it was shopping for a location for a second North American headquarters, cities across the United States, Mexico, and Canada, offered up sweeteners. An economic development company sent the online retailer a 21-foot saguaro cactus to try to entice Amazon to Tucson, Arizona. Hundreds of other cities offered tax breaks, infrastructure improvements, and other temptations.

In the News

With Bloomberg’s Backing, Top Colleges Seek More Low-Income Students

with Caroline M. Hoxbyvia The Washington Post
Thursday, February 7, 2019
Leaders of more than 100 selective colleges and universities met here this week at the offices of billionaire Michael R. Bloomberg to strategize on how to recruit and graduate more students from the lowest rungs of the economic ladder.

The Right Way To Capture College “Opportunity”

by Caroline M. Hoxby, Sarah Turnervia Education Next
Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Higher education may be one of the most important channels through which people can attain improved life outcomes based on their merit rather than family background. If qualified students from lower-income families are underrepresented in higher education, there is potentially a failure not just in equity but in economic efficiency as well.


EdNext Podcast: Identifying The Colleges That Successfully Recruit Low-Income Students With Caroline Hoxby

interview with Caroline M. Hoxbyvia EdNext Podcast
Tuesday, February 5, 2019

 Hoover Institution fellow Caroline Hoxby discusses her latest research piece, “The Right Way to Capture College “Opportunity.”