Elizabeth Economy

Senior Fellow

Elizabeth Economy is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and a senior fellow for China studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Economy's forthcoming book, The World According to China (Polity Press, 2021), explores China’s foreign policy ambitions and their impact on the international system. Her most recent book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, (Oxford University Press, 2018) was shortlisted for the Lionel Gelber Prize, a prestigious
literary award for foreign affairs books. She is also the author of By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford University Press, 2014), co-authored with Michael Levi, and the award-winning The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future (Cornell University Press, 2004; 2nd edition, 2010).

Economy has published articles in policy and scholarly journals including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, and the Harvard Business Review; and op-eds in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post, among others. In June 2018, she was named one of the "10 Names That Matter on China Policy" by Politico Magazine. Economy serves on the board of managers of Swarthmore College, the board of trustees of the Asia Foundation, and the board of directors for the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. She is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group.

Economy received her BA with Honors from Swarthmore College, her AM from Stanford University, and her PhD from the University of Michigan. In 2008, she received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Vermont Law School.                    

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Recent Commentary


Elizabeth Economy: Advancing Effective U.S. Policy For Strategic Competition With China In The Twenty-First Century Hearing

with Elizabeth Economyvia Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate
Wednesday, March 17, 2021

Hoover Institution senior fellow Elizabeth Economy testifies before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on “Advancing Effective U.S. Policy for Strategic Competition with China in the Twenty-First Century." 

In the News

China Should Brace For ‘Difficult’ Issues During Alaska Meeting, US Says

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia South China Morning Post
Friday, March 12, 2021

The Chinese delegation should expect direct, unfettered talks when it meets with its US counterparts in Alaska next week, and Beijing is advised to do its part in addressing strained relations, the State Department said on Thursday.

Policy InsightsAnalysis and Commentary

International Women’s Day

featuring Elizabeth Economy, Margaret (Macke) Raymond, Amy Zegart, Jacquelyn Schneidervia PolicyEd
Thursday, March 11, 2021

International Women’s Day is a globally significant day in which we honor women’s social, economic, social, cultural, and political contributions. To celebrate International Women’s Day, we’re highlighting four of our female Hoover Institution fellows who are leading and transforming their respective fields.

In the News

Commander Warns US Lawmakers About China’s Growing Military Strength In Indo-Pacific

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia South China Morning Post
Wednesday, March 10, 2021

Admiral Philip Davidson says a key to Washington’s efforts to counter China is the Quad: the alliance between the US, Japan, India and Australia.

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International Women's Day @ The Hoover Institution | A Focus On Women In National Security

interview with Condoleezza Rice, Elizabeth Economy, Rose Gottemoeller, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Amy Zegartvia Fellow Talks
Tuesday, March 9, 2021


To celebrate International Women’s Day, the Director of the Hoover Institution and the 66th Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, hosted a conversation with four of our leading female national security and foreign policy scholars: Elizabeth Economy, Rose Gottemoeller, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, and Amy Zegart on March 8 from 2:15 - 3:30PM PT.
In the News

Hoover Institution Panelists Say Women Face Significant Barriers In National Security, Academia

featuring Elizabeth Economy, Rose Gottemoeller, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Condoleezza Rice, Amy Zegartvia Stanford Daily
Monday, March 8, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow and former NATO Deputy Secretary General Rose Gottemoeller made no bones about the challenges of being a woman in foreign policy and national security.


Elizabeth Economy On Bloomberg Surveillance

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Bloomberg Surveillance
Monday, March 8, 2021

(24:45) Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses the environmental problems in China, as well as Xi Jinping's leadership.


Women's Leadership And National Security

featuring Condoleezza Rice, Rose Gottemoeller, Elizabeth Economy, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Amy Zegartvia C-SPAN
Monday, March 8, 2021

Hoover Institution Director Condoleezza Rice led a discussion with Hoover Institution fellows Rose Gottemoeller, Elizabeth Economy, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, and Amy Zegart on national security and foreign policy issues.


Elizabeth Economy: The Rise And Fall Of Great Powers? America, China, And The Global Order

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Council on Foreign Relations
Wednesday, March 3, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy joins a panel to discuss the rise and fall of great powers and the competing grand strategies of the United States and China.


Elizabeth Economy: The World Turned Upside Down: America, China And The Struggle For Global Leadership

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Hinrich Foundation
Wednesday, March 3, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy joins a panel to discuss the key challenges posed by China and the strategies America and other liberal democracies must adopt to meet them.