Elizabeth Economy

Senior Fellow

Elizabeth Economy is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and a senior fellow for China studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Economy's forthcoming book, The World According to China (Polity Press, 2021), explores China’s foreign policy ambitions and their impact on the international system. Her most recent book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, (Oxford University Press, 2018) was shortlisted for the Lionel Gelber Prize, a prestigious
literary award for foreign affairs books. She is also the author of By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford University Press, 2014), co-authored with Michael Levi, and the award-winning The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future (Cornell University Press, 2004; 2nd edition, 2010).

Economy has published articles in policy and scholarly journals including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, and the Harvard Business Review; and op-eds in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post, among others. In June 2018, she was named one of the "10 Names That Matter on China Policy" by Politico Magazine. Economy serves on the board of managers of Swarthmore College, the board of trustees of the Asia Foundation, and the board of directors for the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. She is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group.

Economy received her BA with Honors from Swarthmore College, her AM from Stanford University, and her PhD from the University of Michigan. In 2008, she received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Vermont Law School.                    

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Recent Commentary


Elizabeth Economy And Claudia Trevisan On China's Influence In Latin America

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Council on Foreign Relations
Tuesday, February 16, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses China’s influence across Latin America.


Elizabeth Economy: Biden’s China Challenge

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Politically Sound (CNN)
Friday, February 12, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses how and why President Biden’s foreign policy and his approach to China differ from former President Trump’s policy, and what lies ahead for US-China relations under this new administration.

In the News

Biden’s Pick For U.N. Ambassador Will Have To Juggle Containment And Collaboration With China

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia Foreign Policy
Thursday, February 11, 2021

[Subscription Required] The administration is moving quickly to reassert U.S. leadership but needs Beijing’s support for major initiatives.

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Elizabeth Economy On China’s Communist Party-State Under Xi Jinping | Episode 2101

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Conversations on China’s Global Sharp Power
Thursday, February 4, 2021

Hoover senior fellow, Elizbeth Economy discusses the structure of the Chinese party-state, and Xi Jinping's populist appeal.


Elizabeth Economy: Revival Of Transatlantic Bond Under Biden's America: What Awaits China?

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia The European Union Chamber of Commerce in China
Tuesday, February 2, 2021

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses revival of Transatlantic Bond under Biden's America.


The China Model: Unexceptional Exceptionalism

by Elizabeth Economyvia Socialism and Free Market Capitalism: The Human Prosperity Project
Friday, December 4, 2020

At the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in October 2017, CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping startled international observers by claiming that “the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see . . . blazing a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization. It offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence, and it offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing humanity.

In the News

Four Experts Give Their View On What China Can Expect From The Biden Administration

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia China-Britain Business Focus
Monday, November 23, 2020

After four years of tariffs and a war of words, American policy on China is likely to change under President-elect Joe Biden. We asked four experts to give CBBC their view.

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Great Decisions: America in the World: Session 1: Critical Countries

interview with Russell A. Berman, Elizabeth Economy, H. R. McMastervia Fellow Talks
Monday, November 16, 2020

The Hoover Institution is hosting Great Decisions: America in the World on November 16, November 18, and December 11, 2020. The topic for Session 1 on November 16 is Critical Countries. This session features Russell Berman, Elizabeth Economy, and H.R. McMaster. Michael Auslin moderates the discussion. 

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Democracy and Authoritarianism

interview with Larry Diamond, Elizabeth Economy, Bill Whalenvia Fellow Talks
Thursday, November 12, 2020


The Hoover Institution presents an online virtual speaker series based on the scholarly research and commentary written by Hoover fellows participating in the Human Prosperity Project on Socialism and Free-Market Capitalism.


Elizabeth Economy: Jim Zirin-Can We Fix the China Relationship?

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia JimZirinTV
Thursday, November 12, 2020

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses the US-China relationship.