Elizabeth Economy

Senior Fellow

Elizabeth Economy is a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution and the Senior Fellow for China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Dr. Economy is an acclaimed author and expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy. Her recently released book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, (Oxford University Press, 2018) analyzes the contradictory nature of reform under President Xi Jinping. She is also author of By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford University Press, 2014) with Michael Levi and The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future (Cornell University Press, 2004; 2nd edition, 2010; Japanese edition, 2005; Chinese edition, 2011). Dr. Economy has published articles in foreign policy and scholarly journals including Foreign AffairsForeign Policy, and the Harvard Business Review; and op-eds in the New York Times and Washington Post, among others. In June 2018, Dr. Economy was named one of the “10 Names That Matter on China Policy” by Politico Magazine.

Dr. Economy serves on the board of managers of Swarthmore College and the board of trustees of the Asia Foundation and the National Committee on US-China Relations. She was also on the advisory council of Network 20/20 and the science advisory council of the Stockholm Environment Forum. She served as a member of the World Economic Forum (WEF)’s Global Agenda Council on the United States from 2014 to 2016 and served as a member and then vice chair of WEF’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of China from 2008 to 2014. She has taught undergraduate and graduate level courses at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, and the University of Washington’s Jackson School of International Studies.

Dr. Economy received her BA from Swarthmore College, her AM from Stanford University, and her PhD from the University of Michigan. In 2008, she received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Vermont Law School.                                          

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Recent Commentary

Elizabeth Economy: Great Powers Clash in the Arctic: The Struggle for the Northern Frontier

featuring Elizabeth Economyvia Aspen Institute
Thursday, July 18, 2019

Elizabeth Economy speaks at the July 2019 Aspen Security Forum.

In the News

Beijing Diplomats Now Tap Into The World Of Tweeting

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia The Standard
Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Chinese diplomats are increasingly turning to Twitter to defend Beijing's policies to the international community, taking combative stances and courting controversy on a platform banned in their own country. While officials typically stay away from sharing views on social media, a tweetstorm from a Pakistan-based diplomat is raising eyebrows.

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“China Will Reclaim Its Greatness”

by Andy Fitch interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Hoover Digest
Tuesday, July 16, 2019

China expert Elizabeth C. Economy analyzes a “third revolution” and a second coming: that of Mao Zedong, in the form of Xi Jinping.


Elizabeth Economy: A Look At Xi Jinping’s ‘Third Revolution’

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia Newsroom
Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy talks about the growing power of Xi Jinping in China and abroad, which Economy has termed his 'Third Revolution'.

In the News

The China Challenge

featuring Elizabeth Economyvia City-Journal
Friday, June 7, 2019
Elizabeth Economy offers a penetrating look at Xi Jinping’s aggressively antidemocratic regime.

Elizabeth Economy's Testimony Before The House Hearing On Smart Competition With China

interview with Elizabeth Economyvia YouTube
Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy testifies at the House Hearing concerning  "Smart Competition: Adapting U.S. Strategy Toward China at 40 Years."

Analysis and Commentary

Trade: Parade Of Broken Promises

by Elizabeth Economyvia China File
Tuesday, April 30, 2019

The trade war between the United States and China has not given either side much to cheer about. As of January, Washington has levied 10 percent tariffs on U.S.$250 billion in Chinese goods, and China has reciprocated with similar tariffs on U.S.$110 billion in U.S. goods. In the United States, the uncertainty over the future trade relationship has caused significant volatility in the stock market, created hardship for American exporters (particularly farmers and high-end manufacturers), and contributed to a dramatic drop in Chinese tourism and investment into the United States.

In the News

Kim Jong Un Plans Trip To Russia After Meeting With Donald Trump Falls Apart

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia Newsweek
Monday, March 25, 2019

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un may soon make an official visit to Russia, a Russian official who recently led a government delegation to North Korea, announced on Monday.

In the News

Could An Ancient Greek Have Predicted A US-China Conflict?

quoting Elizabeth Economyvia BBC
Monday, March 25, 2019

Not so long ago, China's rise was seen as essentially benign. A growing economy, it was thought, would go hand-in-hand with a liberalising political system. China was, to use the phrase favoured by US experts, becoming a responsible global stakeholder.


Trade: Parade Of Broken Promises

by Elizabeth Economyvia Democracy Journal
Thursday, March 14, 2019
The trade war between the United States and China has not given either side much to cheer about. As of January, Washington has levied 10 percent tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese goods, and China has reciprocated with similar tariffs on $110 billion in U.S. goods.