Elizabeth Economy

Senior Fellow

Elizabeth Economy is a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution and the Senior Fellow for China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Dr. Economy is an acclaimed author and expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy. Her recently released book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, (Oxford University Press, 2018) analyzes the contradictory nature of reform under President Xi Jinping. She is also author of By All Means Necessary: How China's Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford University Press, 2014) with Michael Levi and The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future (Cornell University Press, 2004; 2nd edition, 2010; Japanese edition, 2005; Chinese edition, 2011). Dr. Economy has published articles in foreign policy and scholarly journals including Foreign AffairsForeign Policy, and the Harvard Business Review; and op-eds in the New York Times and Washington Post, among others. In June 2018, Dr. Economy was named one of the “10 Names That Matter on China Policy” by Politico Magazine.

Dr. Economy serves on the board of managers of Swarthmore College and the board of trustees of the Asia Foundation and the National Committee on US-China Relations. She was also on the advisory council of Network 20/20 and the science advisory council of the Stockholm Environment Forum. She served as a member of the World Economic Forum (WEF)’s Global Agenda Council on the United States from 2014 to 2016 and served as a member and then vice chair of WEF’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of China from 2008 to 2014. She has taught undergraduate and graduate level courses at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, and the University of Washington’s Jackson School of International Studies.

Dr. Economy received her BA from Swarthmore College, her AM from Stanford University, and her PhD from the University of Michigan. In 2008, she received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Vermont Law School.                                          

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Recent Commentary

The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State

by Elizabeth Economyvia Cambridge University Press
Saturday, December 1, 2018

A review of The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State by Elizabeth C. Economy.


CLM Insights: Interview With Elizabeth Economy

by Elizabeth Economyvia China Leadership Monitor
Saturday, December 1, 2018

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses her latest book, China’s Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State.


Elizabeth Economy: How Trump’s Unconventional Diplomacy Will Affect The G-20

by Elizabeth Economyvia PBS News Hour
Thursday, November 29, 2018

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses the two-day G-20 summit where China, trade, and Saudi Arabia will be in the spotlight.

Chinese Influence & American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance

by Elizabeth Economy
Thursday, November 29, 2018
A group of leading experts on Chinese and American foreign policy release their report https://hvr.co/2FKJIt7 documenting China's efforts to influence American society and call for "constructive vigilance."

Elizabeth Economy On Jaw-Jaw: Will Xi’s Third Revolution Last?

by Elizabeth Economyvia War on the Rocks
Tuesday, November 27, 2018

Hoover Institution fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses the future of China and its powerful leader, Xi Jinping.


Elizabeth Economy On The Tea Leaves Podcast

by Elizabeth Economyvia The Tea Leaves Podcast
Monday, November 12, 2018

Go behind the scenes with The Asia Group’s Dr. Kurt M. Campbell and Ambassador Richard Verma in a series of revealing interviews with policymakers, business leaders, journalists, and artists exploring the most dynamic and consequential region in the world.

Selling U.S. China Policy

by Elizabeth Economyvia Council on Foreign Relations
Friday, November 9, 2018

Vice President Mike Pence’s October 4 speech on China, which many commentators have referred to as the administration’s defining China moment, was a leaden litany of Chinese vices and a hyped-up assessment of the U.S. role in shaping Chinese history. The United States did not, as the vice president claims, derail China’s stock exchange nor did it rebuild China over the past 25 years. 

Analysis and Commentary

Book Review Roundtable: The Third Revolution

by Elizabeth Economy mentioning Michael R. Auslinvia Council on Foreign Relations
Tuesday, October 30, 2018

China is changing under President Xi Jinping. In my new book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, I argue that Xi has taken unprecedented steps to consolidate his authority, has overseen the expansion of Communist Party’s role in Chinese political, social, and economic life, and has constructed of a virtual wall of regulations to control more closely the exchange of ideas and capital between China and the outside world.

Analysis and Commentary

Elizabeth C. Economy’s The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping And The New Chinese State

by Elizabeth Economy, Michael R. Auslinvia The National Bureau Of Asian Research
Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Elizabeth Economy’s book The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State examines Xi Jinping’s top political, economic and foreign policy priorities and his reform efforts to date. Reviewers David Shambaugh, Liselotte Odgaard, Yongjin Zhang, and Michael Auslin discuss the themes of the book and whether a true revolution is taking place in Chinese politics, with a response from Elizabeth Economy.

How China Challenges America's World Leadership

by Elizabeth Economy
Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Chinese President Xi Jinping is ready for a change — specifically the transformation of the international system and China's role within it. In a 2016 speech before government ministers and provincial leaders, Xi provided an early signal of his intent: "China has become a major factor in changing the world political and economic landscapes. ... We need to work harder to turn our economic strength into international institutional authority."