Paul A. Rahe, who holds The Charles O. Lee and Louise K. Lee Chair in the Western Heritage at Hillsdale College, where he is Professor of History, lived in Istanbul from 1984 to 1986 as a fellow of the Institute of Current World Affairs. In the 2013-14 academic year, Rahe was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He majored in History, the Arts and Letters at Yale University, read Litterae Humaniores at Oxford University’s Wadham College on a Rhodes Scholarship, and then returned to Yale to do his Ph.D. in ancient Greek history under the direction of Donald Kagan. He is the author of Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution (1992) and of Against Throne and Altar: Machiavelli and Political Theory under the English Republic (2008), co-editor of Montesquieu’s Science of Politics: Essays on the Spirit of Laws (2001), and editor of Machiavelli’s Liberal Republican Legacy (2006). In 2009, Professor Rahe published two books: Montesquieu and the Logic of Liberty: War, Religion, Commerce, Climate, Terrain, Technology, Uneasiness of Mind, the Spirit of Political Vigilance, and the Foundations of the Modern Republic, and Soft Despotism, Democracy’s Drift: Montesquieu, Rousseau, Tocqueville, and the Modern Prospect. He is currently working on a history of classical Sparta, having already published The Grand Strategy of Classcal Sparta: The Persian Challenge (2015) and The Spartan Regime: Its Character, Origins, and Grand Strategy (2016), and he is a frequent contributor on contemporary politics and culture to the website Ricochet. He can also be found at www.paularahe.com. Rahe was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution for the 2013-14 academic year.