Paul Rahe

Visiting Fellow

Paul A. Rahe is a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution.

Rahe holds the Charles O. Lee and Louise K. Lee Chair in the Western Heritage at Hillsdale College, where he is Professor of History, lived in Istanbul from 1984 to 1986 as a fellow of the Institute of Current World Affairs. In the 2013-14 academic year, Rahe was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He majored in History, the Arts and Letters at Yale University, read Litterae Humaniores at Oxford University’s Wadham College on a Rhodes Scholarship, and then returned to Yale to do his Ph.D. in ancient Greek history under the direction of Donald Kagan. He is the author of Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution (1992) and of Against Throne and Altar: Machiavelli and Political Theory under the English Republic (2008), co-editor of Montesquieu’s Science of Politics: Essays on the Spirit of Laws (2001), and editor of Machiavelli’s Liberal Republican Legacy (2006). In 2009, Professor Rahe published two books: Montesquieu and the Logic of Liberty: War, Religion, Commerce, Climate, Terrain, Technology, Uneasiness of Mind, the Spirit of Political Vigilance, and the Foundations of the Modern Republic, and Soft Despotism, Democracy’s Drift: Montesquieu, Rousseau, Tocqueville, and the Modern Prospect. He is currently working on a history of classical Sparta, having already published The Grand Strategy of Classcal Sparta: The Persian Challenge (2015) and The Spartan Regime: Its Character, Origins, and Grand Strategy (2016), and he is a frequent contributor on contemporary politics and culture to the website Ricochet. He can also be found at

Rahe was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution for the 2013-14 academic year.

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by Paul Rahevia Strategika
Wednesday, June 30, 2021

Taiwan is a problem. It is a problem for China, and that makes it a problem for the United States and for what used to be called “the Free World.” There are two reasons for this. The first is geopolitical; the second is technological, economic, and strategic.

Related Commentary

China and the Wuhan Coronavirus: Strategic Consequences

by Paul Rahevia Strategika
Wednesday, December 9, 2020

There is no reason to suppose that it might someday be discovered that China was experimenting in and before 2019 with enhancing the coronavirus that caused the pandemic of 2020, and that criminal laxity or worse on the part of the Chinese government explains its spread

Featured CommentaryAnalysis and Commentary

Trump And The Israeli-Palestinian Standoff

by Paul Rahevia Strategika
Wednesday, May 29, 2019

In his inimitable way, Donald Trump has gored yet another sacred cow—this one in the Levant. First, consider this. For nearly seventy years, the United States was the principal source of funds for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)—an outfit which not only provided (and still provides) support for Palestinians who fled from their homes in 1948 and found, after the first Arab-Israeli War, that they could not return, but which also provides for those of their patrilineal descendants who still reside in the refugee camps situated in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem. 

Featured CommentaryAnalysis and Commentary

Is Turkey No Longer Part Of The West?

by Paul Rahevia Strategika
Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Almost a century has passed since the Ottoman Empire was dismembered and Mustafa Kemal set out to build the modern Turkish state on its ruins. Twenty years ago, no one in the West would have called into question the achievement of the man who eventually, with considerable justice, styled himself Atatürk (“Father of the Turks”). But many now fear that the political and cultural revolution he instigated in the 1920s will be overturned and that Turkey will cease to function as normal nation state, turn on the West, and try to upend the existing order in the eastern Mediterranean, the Balkans, and the Middle East.

EssaysBlank Section (Placeholder)Analysis and Commentary

A Future For NATO And The European Union

by Paul Rahevia Hoover Institution Press
Wednesday, December 7, 2016

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union are in disarray. The former has fulfilled its mission. Were it not for Russia’s seizure of the Crimea and invasion of Ukraine and the refugee crisis in Europe spawned by the sectarian Muslim conflict raging in Iraq and Syria, it would be an empty shell without any obvious function. The latter has overreached. A great success as a customs union, it is a disaster as a currency union; and the attempt to turn it into a federation—oligarchic in governance and equipped with an intrusive administrative apparatus—will end in tears.

The Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta

by Paul Rahevia Books by Hoover Fellows
Tuesday, November 24, 2015

More than 2500 years ago a confederation of small Greek city-states defeated the invading armies of Persia, the most powerful empire in the world. In this meticulously researched study, historian Paul Rahe argues that Sparta was responsible for the initial establishment of the Hellenic defensive coalition and was, in fact, the most essential player in its ultimate victory.

Paul Rahe

Paul Rahe: Past Republics and the Constitution

with Paul Rahevia Uncommon Knowledge
Monday, November 14, 2011

Paul Rahe holds the Charles O. Lee and Louise K. Lee Chair in Western Heritage at Hillsdale College and is the author most recently of Soft Despotism, Democracy’s Drift. He discusses past republics, the administrative state, our place in history, and the 2012 election. Recorded live at Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI.

Paul Rahe

Soft Despotism with Paul Rahe

by Peter M. Robinsonwith Paul Rahevia Uncommon Knowledge
Monday, November 30, 2009

Paul Rahe discusses the danger a consolidation of government poses for the people of the United States, the psychological disposition that makes democratic peoples vulnerable to servile temptation, and the institutions that once in some measure shielded Americans from these propensities.